Probiotics to Treat Infantile Colic Research Paper

Pages: 10 (3300 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 10  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Disease

Alternative Medicine

Probiotics to Treat Infantile Colic

Description of the Disease Process of Interest

Infantile Colic is a very common problem within the first 3 months of life for an infant. It affects as many as three percent to twenty eight percent of infants. It is made up of a behavioral condition distinguished by spastic, extreme, inconsolable crying without a particular reason (Savino, Pelle, Palumeri, Oggero and Miniero, 2007). Colic is often describes as crying and tremendous irritability in babies. The fits of inconsolable crying often take place in the evening, but a lot of babies do not follow a knowable pattern. The crying and fussiness can go on for hours at a time, followed by other stages when the infant behavior and appears completely happy. Colic is extremely ordinary, and distresses one in four infants. The cause of the touchiness is not completely clear but comprises an underdevelopment of the infant's nervous system, sleeping disturbance, sensitivity to the surroundings and sensory excess. Only a little portion of the kids with colic will in fact be afflicted from particular medical circumstances as gastro esophageal reflux or food allergies. These alternative possibilities should be talk about with one's health care provider prior to a diagnosis of colic is made (Infantile Colic, n.d.).

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Normally, colic follows the rule of threes: crying starts by three weeks of age, it lasts for at least three hours a day and it takes place for at least three days a week. The colicky infant will begin crying as loud as they can, as if in obvious pain, often becoming red in the face, kicking their legs, arching their back, and passing gas. From time to time, eating will momentarily stop the crying, only to resume when finished. Colicky babies continue to gain weight and grow normally (Infantile Colic, n.d.).

Research Paper on Probiotics to Treat Infantile Colic Assignment

The reason of colic is not known. Researchers have looked at a variety of possibilities, including allergies, lactose intolerance, an undeveloped digestive system, maternal worry and disparities in the manner in which an infant is fed or comforted. Thus far it's still uncertain why some infants have colic and others don't (Colic, 2010).

There is currently no specific treatment, but much can be done to reduce the impact on the parents of this draining difficulty. Frequently, the baby's formula is altered to one that is hypoallergenic. Some mothers will adjust their own diet, removing gas producing foods or dairy products. If acid reflux is suspected, antacids can be attempted and sustained if they undoubtedly help. In most instances, what is required is a lot of tolerance. Parents and other family members should take turns with the baby's care. Infant massage, calming music, and swaddling can aid the care for a colicky baby (Colic, 2010).

Probiotic Therapy

Currently there are no standardized dosing suggestions for probiotics that have been set down. The universal suggestion followed by compounding pharmacists and healthcare providers are one billion to ten billion CFU's for infants and 10 billion to 20 billion CFU's for older children and adults. Probiotics should be taken with food or in milk in the case of infants because this tends to shield stomach acids, permitting more of the active probiotic elements to pass through the stomach for assimilation in the intestines (Intro to Probiotic Therapy, 2010).

Reported benefits

Lactobacillus is a kind of bacteria. There are many different types of lactobacillus. These are known as friendly bacteria that usually live in one's digestive, urinary, and genital systems without causing illness. Lactobacillus is also in some fermented foodstuff like yogurt and in dietary supplements. Lactobacillus is utilized for treating and averting diarrhea, including communicable kinds such as rotaviral diarrhea in kids and traveler's diarrhea. It is also utilized to avert and treat diarrhea connected with using antibiotics and more recently has begun to be used to treat Infantile Colic (Lactobacillus, 2010).

In a study done by Romano, Ferrau', Cavataio, Iacono, Spina, Lionetti, Comisi, Famiani and Comito, (2010), the consequence of L. reuteri supplementation on the concentration and occurrence of recurrent abdominal pain in children was looked at. This multi-centre clinical trial was undertaken in patients recruited from children referred to the Pediatric Departments of the Universities of Messina, Palermo, Catania and the Pediatric Unit of Vittoria (Sicily). Potentially qualified subjects were looked at using a diary to record symptoms and the regularity of daily pain, drug use and any symptoms four weeks before possible study inclusion. Using this diary, patients between 6 and 16 years of age with frequent abdominal pain as defined in the Rome III criteria were included. In agreement to the specific Rome III criteria for inclusion, the researchers defined frequent abdominal pain as an erratic mixture of chronic or recurrent gastrointestinal symptoms not explained by structural or biochemical irregularities. Every parent was completely informed about the goals of the study, and informed consent was attained from at least one parent before inclusion. Exclusion criteria were organic disease, established by medical history, complete blood count, urine analysis, stool examination for occult blood and parasites, abdominal ultrasound and screening for celiac disease, other chronic disease and growth failure.

Modulation of the gut microbial flora has become an attractive treatment alternative in continual abdominal pain utilizing exact defined probiotic strains of Lactobacillus. The known safety of true probiotic bacteria and the mounting understanding of probiotic devices can support clinicians to utilize probiotics in kids with recurring abdominal pain as an option or when conventional therapy has not worked (Romano, Ferrau', Cavataio, Iacono, Spina, Lionetti, Comisi, Famiani and Comito, 2010).

In a study done by Savino, Cresi, Pautasso, Palumeri, Tullio, Roana, Silvestro and Oggero (2004), it was found that the major dissimilarities found in lactobacilli were less ordinary in colicky infants than in the control groups. The low occurrence of colonization with micro-aerophilic lactobacilli was seen in colicky kids and agrees for the most part with earlier observations. These conclusions supported the researcher's hypothesis that colic's are frequently related to a food allergy and generate an interaction between alterated gut microflora and the progress of oral tolerance or atopy.

In a study done by Savino, Pelle, Palumeri, Oggero and Miniero, (2007), it was established that supplementation with L. reuteri enhanced colicky signs considerably in breastfed infants, put side by side with the typical treatment with simethicone, within seven days of therapy. The reaction rate for the treatment with L. reuteri was 95%, while only 7% of babies reacted to simethicone. The advantageous results of probiotic supplementation in this study are thought to be linked to action on the changed equilibrium of intestinal lactobacilli in babies with colic. Recent research has shown that modulation of microflora with probiotics, including L. reuteri, can alter the intestinal ecological equilibrium from possibly damaging flora to flora that would be mainly helpful to the host, decreasing the danger of gastrointestinal infections and allergic illnesses. Particularly, probiotic supplementation early on aspires to supply secure yet adequate microbial stimulus for the undeveloped immune system and L. reuteri has been given to newborn babies in efforts to reinforce affirmative results connected with colonization by lactobacilli.

There is a multifaceted association among the intestinal immune system and the commensal flora. Lately, it was shown that the luminal endogenous flora can start the key procedures of bacteria-induced natural and adaptive host reactions by way of the commencement of toll-like receptors and nucleotide oligomerization domain receptors, positioned on intestinal epithelial cells. In animal models, cytokines can start a hyper-reflex reaction of the enteric neuromusculature by way of neuroimmune and myoimmune communications. In addition, unsuitable relations amid the microflora and the toll-like receptors are thought to influence gut motor function, leading to abdominal dysmotility and colicky actions. Particularly, L reuteri and other commensal bacteria sway dendritic cell movement, type 1/type 2 T. helper cell equilibrium, and cytokine creation in the intestinal epithelium. Recent research has shown that L. reuteri has inhibitory results on visceral pain, adjusting the inflammation-connected visceral hypersensitivity reaction through a more-direct feat on enteric nerves (Savino, Pelle, Palumeri, Oggero and Miniero, 2007).

In one study a group of Italian researchers looked at twenty five well infants who were arbitrarily chosen to get drops of Lactobacillus reuteri and compared them to twenty one healthy infants arbitrarily chosen to get placebo drops. All the babies were identified as having colic, born full-term at a well gestational weight, had no history of gastrointestinal illness, were breastfed, not formula fed, and did not get any other probiotic supplements throughout the week before the study. The baby's mothers were also told to not ingest cow's milk in their own diets throughout the study (Probiotic may soothe colicky babies, 2010).

Crying was considered in minutes per day. At the start of the study, the crying times between the Lactobacillus reuteri group and placebo group were similar. Over a three-week period, the infants got either placebo drops or five drops of Lactobacillus reuteri mixed with sunflower oil once a day thirty minutes before their morning feeding. Investigators also gathered stool samples from the babies in order… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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