Research Paper: Problem of Child Sex Trafficking

Pages: 12 (3820 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 7  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Children  ·  Buy This Paper

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] Consequently, law enforcement personnel in such countries are at disadvantaged positions against child traffickers.

Law enforcement officers in some countries have stated that they are limited in prosecuting child trafficking violations because of the weak child protection systems in their countries. They have also stated that they do not have necessary expertise and technical equipment to deal with child traffickers (Hume, Cohen & Sorvino, 2013). Actually, these officers may witness a violation but cannot gather needed evidence to prosecute the offenders. Weak child protection systems and increased corruption in some countries, especially those in Latin America and Caribbean contribute to the increase in child sex traffickers.

Current Measures in Dealing with the Crime:

Even though some governments are to blame for increased child sex trafficking, others such as the United States have adopted several measures to deal with the crime. The efforts taken by the United States government are based on the recent increased attention to the problem of human trafficking in social work literature and the media. Public awareness of human trafficking in the United States has increased because of the numerous cases of global sex trafficking in the recent years. However, many individuals are unaware of the fact that many American citizens are victims of this crime than foreign national. Most of the youths in the United States are more vulnerable to domestic child sex trafficking to an extent that experts refer to crime against children as domestic minor sex trafficking.

One of the measures undertaken by the United States government in dealing with the issue is putting the crime into perspective. This process has involved determining the legal connection between human trafficking and prostitution of minors. In this case, the U.S. government has defined the crime as a modern-day slavery of children and stated that American children are more susceptible to becoming victims. This definition and classification was adopted after conducting research on the issue across 10 American cities in 2008. Furthermore, the United States Department of Justice as reported that there are no credible estimates of the degree of this crime because of questionable research methodologies, the hidden nature of the crime, and lack of adequate attention to the issue (Kotrla, 2020, p.182).

Secondly, the government has conducted numerous researches on national-level statistics on human trafficking investigations. These researches have been geared towards identifying the most common factors contributing to commercial sexual exploitation of children and growth of domestic minor sex trafficking. One of the findings of these researches is that industries like prostitution result in moral and ethical problems that in turn lead to domestic minor sex trafficking. The moral or ethical problems from these industries are attributed to the minimal attention paid to the age of those involved in the activities. The researches have also enabled the United States government to identify some of the ways through which trafficked children are sold for commercial sexual purposes.

The United States government has also examined the supply and demand of domestic minor sex trafficking based on supply-demand principles. The demand which increases child sex trafficking is understood from the perspective of the trafficker or offender, and consumer. The evaluation of the supply and demand of child sex trafficking in the United States has also contributed to the identification of organized criminal networks that participate in the illegal acts.

These previously discussed measures have resulted in the establishment of various bodies to deal with the issue. These governmental agencies and organizations are mandated with the task of dealing with issues of human trafficking including child sex trafficking. Notably, these agencies work under the United States Department of Justice, which basically focuses on dealing with crime. They include the United States Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, Child Exploitation and Obscenity Section of the Criminal Division of the Department of Justice, and Trafficking in Persons Program under the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

These agencies focus on developing suitable measures for dealing preventing the prevalence of child sex trafficking. They focus on the implementation of child protection programs based on established legislation, framework, and policies. The programs are based on human rights approaches to child trafficking, which establish a comprehensive conceptual framework through which victim-centered and law enforcement responses can be created, implemented, and evaluated. Apart from prevention of these activities, these agencies focus on ensuring that all victims of human trafficking including children have access to necessary support for promoting their health and well-being.

The main legislative framework used to address child sex trafficking issue is the Protected Innocence Legislative Framework, which is a guideline for protecting victims and holding criminals more accountable in the fight against trafficking. It is also an anti-trafficking policy that acts as the foundation for all initiatives geared towards dealing with domestic minor sex trafficking. As an anti-trafficking policy approach, the Protected Innocence Legislative Framework is the starting point for combating child sex trafficking. Similar to anti-trafficking federal laws, state laws have comprehensive and severe penalties for traffickers as part of the government's measures in establishing a complete criminal deterrence program. Generally, the United States government has established legislative measures based on four major objectives i.e. eliminating demand, prosecuting offenders, identifying victims, and offering protection, access to services, and shelter for victims.

Policy Recommendations:

The increase of child sex trafficking has contributed to various law enforcement efforts to deal with this crime. Law enforcement agencies and personnel deal with the crime because they are in a better position to identify victims who are most likely to be hidden in communities they serve. The law enforcement agencies, especially local police agencies also address the problem because of the difficulties in exposing such activities since they are subservice and the underground nature of the offense. One of the major efforts undertaken by these agencies is prioritizing human trafficking prosecutions as part of their initiatives to identify, expose, and respond to such crime. Secondly, law enforcement agencies have established several task forces that work in collaboration with each other to address the issue. These task forces work together with police officers to enhance response to incidents of child sex trafficking.

The multi-agency task forces are one of the various models implemented by the Federal government and the criminal justice system in attempts to enhance cooperation between federal, state, county, and local stakeholders in developing mutual problem-solving measures (Farrell, McDevitt & Fahy, 2008, p.8). These task forces are established to help the existing agencies in partnership with the United States Attorney's Office and victim service organizations to promote a victim-centered approach in responding to domestic human trafficking including child sex trafficking.

While these efforts have helped in addressing the crime they have relatively been ineffective in dealing with the problem of child sex trafficking. Some of the major policy recommendations that could help in lessening the prevalence of this criminal activity include

Development of Training Curriculum:

Law enforcement agencies could benefit from more research on the topic because of the limited knowledge regarding the issue. Given the limited literature on the topic, law enforcement agencies need to conduct more research on the crime. The research needs to focus on providing additional information regarding traffickers and offenders who do not come into contact with the criminal justice system. These studies should also focus on providing more information regarding the link between human trafficking network and other criminal networks, identifying effective measures for investigating cases, supporting trafficking victims, and promoting the successful prosecution of these cases. These studies should be combined with dialogue or discussions concerning complexities associated with dealing with the crime. The discussions should include definitions and challenges of victim changes in status of trafficked children or smuggled migrants.

The findings of the numerous research efforts should be used to develop a national training curriculum that targets law enforcement agencies' response to this crime. The training curriculum should recognize the existing level of understanding this crime, highlighting the utility of protocols and relevant personnel, and identifying appropriate investigative techniques. The research and curriculum will ensure that existing measures for fighting child sex trafficking are up-to-date and effective in dealing with the offenses.

Improved Identification and Investigation of Cases:

The second recommendation is promoting enhanced identification and investigation of child sex trafficking cases. Currently, law enforcement agencies are experiencing several difficulties in identifying and successfully prosecuting child sex trafficking cases. The identification and investigation of these cases can be enhanced through the acquisition and availability of model protocols to improve these processes. It will also involve defining the roles and responsibilities of partner agencies or organizations that help the law enforcement agencies (Farrell, McDevitt & Fahy, 2008, p.8).

Widening Victim-centered Approaches:

Law enforcement agencies could also benefit from widening on increasing the victim centered approaches to incorporate some attention on criminals as well. The significance of such initiative is that it will help in lessening some of the tension areas regarding victim classification that currently exist in several task forces. Broadening… [END OF PREVIEW]

Four Different Ordering Options:

?
Which Option Should I Choose?

1.  Buy the full, 12-page paper:  $28.88

or

2.  Buy + remove from all search engines
(Google, Yahoo, Bing) for 30 days:  $38.88

or

3.  Access all 175,000+ papers:  $41.97/mo

(Already a member?  Click to download the paper!)

or

4.  Let us write a NEW paper for you!

Ask Us to Write a New Paper
Most popular!

Sex Trafficking Many Americans May Be Shocked Term Paper


Child Porn Online the Pedophiles Playground Term Paper


U.S. Policy Towards Thai Women Sex Trafficking Term Paper


Child Labor in Istanbul Term Paper


One Child Policy for Han Chinese Term Paper


View 208 other related papers  >>

Cite This Research Paper:

APA Format

Problem of Child Sex Trafficking.  (2014, June 20).  Retrieved May 24, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/problem-child-sex-trafficking/2820675

MLA Format

"Problem of Child Sex Trafficking."  20 June 2014.  Web.  24 May 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/problem-child-sex-trafficking/2820675>.

Chicago Format

"Problem of Child Sex Trafficking."  Essaytown.com.  June 20, 2014.  Accessed May 24, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/problem-child-sex-trafficking/2820675.