How the Process of a Battery Works Term Paper

Pages: 2 (671 words)  ·  Style: APA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 2  ·  File: .docx  ·  Topic: Chemistry

¶ … Battery Works battery (also called electric cell) is a device that converts chemical energy into electricity. It consists of a container full of chemicals that produce electrons as a result of chemical reaction. It also has two terminals, one positive (+) and the other negative (-).When the two terminals of a battery are connected through a wire or a device such as a light bulb or a motor is connected across the terminals, the chemical reaction inside the battery starts and electrons flow from the negative terminal to the positive terminal, providing the required electric current to run the device. (Brain, 2007)

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We can visualize the process taking place inside a battery by examining what an electric current is. Each atom consists of a tiny, positively charged nucleus surrounded by a number of even smaller, negatively charged particles called electrons. The charge on the nucleus is equal in size to the total charge of all the electrons in an atom, which makes atoms electrically neutral. However, atoms can lose or gain electrons to become positively or negatively charged; in such a state they are called ions ("How do..." n.d.) the top wire in the figure below shows an electrically neutral wire in which the positively charged ions (red) and the negative charges (blue) are balanced. However, if the negatively charged electrons get concentrated at one end of the wire, they would rush towards the positively charged ions at the other end of the wire to balance out the positive charges. Such a flow of negatively charged electrons appears as an electric current in the wire as shown in the wire at bottom below:

Such an imbalance of the negatively and positively charged ions make electric current flow between the negative and positive terminals of the battery.

Term Paper on How the Process of a Battery Works Assignment

Chemical Reaction Inside a Battery: Although there are different types of batteries such as zinc-carbon battery (the commonly used, inexpensive dry battery cells), lead acid battery (used in automobiles) or the Nickel-metal hydride battery (rechargeable, dry batteries),… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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