Prostate Cancer Is a Slow Growing Essay

Pages: 4 (1374 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 5  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Disease

Prostate cancer is a slow growing cancer that develops in men's prostate gland. Prostate gland is a gland located in the male reproductive system (Cookson,2001).Most cases of this kind of cancer are slow growing even though aggressive kinds have been reported (Baade, Youlden & Krnjacki,2009).The cancer cells may spread (metastasize) from the prostate gland to other parts of the patient's body (especially to lymph nodes and bones). Prostate cancer may cause severe pain, difficulty in urinating, sexual intercourse problems as well as erectile dysfunction. During the later stages of the disease, other symptoms may be seen.

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The rates of detection varies widely across the globe with fewer cases being detected in South and East Asian and more cases being detected in Europe and the United States. This type of cancer is most common in men over the age of fifty (Siegel,2011).Globally, prostate cancer is the 6th leading cause of cancer-related deaths (Baade, Youlden & Krnjacki,2009).This kind of cancer is most common in developed nations but its rates are increasing in the developing world. Unfortunately, most men with Prostate cancer never experience any symptoms of the disease, never undergo therapy and are eventually taken ill and even die of other unrelated complications. Several factors like diet and genetics have been implicated in the development of prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is noted to remain a cery common kind of cancer in mean aged over 50 (with an exclusion of skin cancer) with an estimated new cases in 2000 of 180,400. This figure represents a sharp decline from 334,500 cases that were reported sometime in January of 1977. Early detection as a result of PSA testing is what is credited with the sharp decline (AMA,2000;Landis et al.,1998).As noted earlier failure to detect this disease early and employ interventions leads to severe pain, difficulty in urinating, sexual intercourse problems as well as erectile dysfunction and death.

TOPIC: Essay on Prostate Cancer Is a Slow Growing Cancer Assignment

References

American Cancer Society (2000).Cancer Facts and Figures. Atlanta, Ga: The Society; 2000:1-40.

Baade, PD; Youlden, DR; Krnjacki, LJ (2009). "International epidemiology of prostate cancer: geographical distribution and secular trends.." Molecular nutrition & food research 53 (2): 171-84. PMID 1910194

Cookson, MS (2001).Prostate Cancer: Screening and Early Detection. Cancer Control, Vol. 8,(2).

Landis SH, Murray T, Bolden S, et al.(1998) Cancer statistics.CA Cancer J. Clin. 1998;48:6-29

Siegel R, (2011). "Cancer statistics, 2011: the impact of eliminating socioeconomic and racial disparities on premature cancer deaths.." CA Cancer J. Clin 61: 212 -- 36. doi:10.3322/caac.20121. PMID 21685461.

Module 8 (a)

Burn Injuries

Burn, a term that McCance and Huether (2010) noted to be a generic term that is used in referring to the cutaneous injury that is caused by thermal, electrical or chemical agents is a major source of extensive tissue injury as well as destruction. The injury and destruction has far reaching effects in multiple organs. The most common causes of burn injuries are thermal, electrical, chemical as well as radioactive elements/agents.

How burn degree and severity are determined

There are several types of burn injuries. These are classified in accordance with the depth of the burn injury. The classification includes 1st degree, 2nd degree and 3rd degree burns. First degree burn affects the epidermis only. The second degree bum affects both the dermis and epidermis while the third degree burn affects the epidermis, the dermis as well as the underlying subcutaneous tissue (McCance & Huether, 2010).

The potential complications associated with the burn injuries

There are several complications that are associated with burn injuries. Bacterial infections is one of the complications associated with burn injuries. The use of antibacterial agents has howver reduced the cases of post-burn infection. Acute gastrointestinal ulcers are the other complications that are caused by burn injuries.These are treated by means of antacids as well as other drugs for reducing the level of acidic secretion. Post-burn seizures (usually in children) are another complication which results due to electrolytic imbalance, infection, low level of blood oxygen as well as drugs. Deep dermal burns and skin grafts too are complications associated with burn among brown-skinned races. Respiratory complications are ranked as the most common cause of death in burn patients. Pulmonary complications have… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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