Protection Profession DisciplinesEssay

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Protection Profession Disciplines

Strategic security is a completely new disciplinary area in the protection profession; as such, it has not yet been fully accepted as a necessary requirement for National Security. In part, this may be because the area is also not yet fully defined in a detailed manner. When it comes to the usefulness or validity of any discipline in the field of security, there is hardly anyone who doesn't want 'their discipline' to be a part of Strategic Security. However, many people have their own preferences and beliefs regarding the most useful and significant disciplines. In cases of executive protection, there are a number of significant professional disciplines. In this paper research, evaluation, and critique will be carried out for the particular disciplines of counter-terrorism, protection, and intelligence. This will be done in order to see how all these things go hand in hand for the establishment of Strategic Security. Recommendations will also be made regarding these disciplines and the potential increases in more rapid information gathering for useful action if they are used together to make the protection operation successful rather than using them separately.

Strategic Security Background

The term "security" is not used merely to refer to a certain level or threat of safety. In fact, security is an activity, and an ongoing process of behaviors that are created to anticipate probable or reasonable threats to a person, nation, region or even the environment. There are many forms of security threats, including: economic upheaval, violent extremism, natural disasters, environmental catastrophes, political corruption, and terrorism etc. (Advancing Your Career in the Field of Strategic Security).

The definition of strategic security includes the fact that it is multidisciplinary; it is a view of past, present, and future security issues of the world that aids in the gathering of objective and accurate knowledge in a timely manner to avoid threats. The fields of counter-terrorism, intelligence, and personal protection are all driven by strategic security (Advancing Your Career in the Field of Strategic Security). Appropriate information can be provided by individuals with expertise in these areas; such information, if given to the right authorities, can go a long way in creating a secure and safe environment for all of us. There is a requirement for analytical skills and critical thinking from the practitioners that belong to this field. These skills are achieved with the help of education, as well as professional training; it is the combination of these two factors that allows practitioners to advance and succeed in this global environment.

Intelligence

Significant information is provided for policy decisions through different sorts of intelligence such as social, military, environmental, political, cultural, and health information. It is the opinion of many people that intelligence is only the information which is collected through covert or secret means. However, the truth is that: Yes, there is some intelligence that is collected via covert means and is highly classified; however, there is also a significant amount of intelligence that is commonly available (Intelligence Collection Disciplines). Mainly there are five methods of intelligence collection; they are usually known as "intelligence collection disciplines" or the "INTs."

Human Intelligence (HUMINT)

The information that is collected through the human sources is known as HUMINT. There are two main ways of collecting information of this sort. The first is the more open manner mostly used by FBI agents when they interview suspects or witnesses; the other is through covert or clandestine means. The FBI is responsible for the collection of HUMINT in the United States (U.S.). However, out of United States, the CIA and some other components of the particular States are responsible for collecting HUMINT. There is no denying the importance of HUMINT. However, there are other methods as well though which intelligence is gathered by the U.S. such as: SIGINT, MASINT, and OSINT.

Signals Intelligence (SIGINT)

The collection of electronic transmissions through ground sites, ships, satellites, or planes comes under signals intelligence. Communications Intelligence (COMINT) is a type of SIGINT, where communication is intercepted between 2 parties (Intelligence Collection Disciplines). The National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) is responsible for building the SIGINT satellites of the U.S. However; it is the National Security Agency (NSA) which is mainly responsible for the activities related to the U.S. signals intelligence.

Imagery Intelligence (IMINT)

This type of intelligence is also known as photo intelligence (PHOTINT). It was during the Civil War that one of the first kinds of IMINT was carried out. This was done with the help of balloons that had soldiers in them; they were sent up to collect intelligence regarding the surroundings (Intelligence Collection Disciplines). In both World War 1 and 2, IMINT was practiced a lot when photos were taken by both sides of the conflict from airplanes. Presently, it is the National Reconnaissance Office, which is associated with the designing, building, and operations of the imagery satellites. The processing of imagery is done mostly by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

Measurement and Signatures Intelligence (MASINT)

This is a rather small data collection discipline that is associated with the weapons and/or is concerned with industrial activities. Advanced processing, as well as collection of data with the help of airborne and overhead SIGINT and IMINT collection systems is included in MASINT (Intelligence Collections Disciplines). The data that is relayed during tests with weapons is sometimes indicated with the help of Telemetry Intelligence (TELINT). The various electronic emissions that are picked up with the help of modern tracking systems and weapons are collected by electronic intelligence (ELINT). Both ELINT and TELINT can be considered as sub-types of SIGINT, and can play a part in contributing to MASINT.

Open-Source Intelligence (OSINT)

This sort of intelligence is concerned with the broad range of sources and information that are normally available and readily accessible. This includes information that is gathered from the media (television, newspaper, radio, online sources, etc.), academic and professional records (conferences, papers, and professional proceedings of associations, etc.) as well as public data (hearings, government reports, speeches, and demographic information, etc.)

Counterterrorism

There are retrospective and prospective aspects of counter-terrorism. The prospective or "pre-crime" aspects of counter-terrorism are performed on a continuous basis. This is because their purpose is to deter, disrupt, and prevent actions that are considered to have a connection with terrorism. This also includes surveillance and/or intervention-actions concerning individuals who have direct connection(s) to groups that are involved in, or support the terrorist action. Another important role that is increasingly being played by the counter-terrorism units is that they are taking steps to bring down the financial infrastructures and resources of these terrorist organizations and the groups that support them (Innes, 2006).

The 2nd dimension of counter-terrorism is 'post crime' activities; hence, this aspect is more reactive, as it takes place as a response to some incident. It normally includes the criminal investigations done in order to find the perpetrators of the attacks, as well as to figure out any new targets for the future. However, after 9/11, more interest is being directed at the management of incidences that might have a wide-scale impact on civilian communities. It has been said that attacks performed on Western countries have deliberately tried to abuse the already present tensions, in what Karstedt (cited in Innes, 2006) said to be "the liberal inclusionary plan" of democracy. This involves making use of terrorist violence to further increase gaps along religious lines (Innes, 2006).

The police are mainly responsible for following the counter-terrorism investigations, with the help of the Anti-Terrorist Branch and Special Branch officers. These officials proceed by gathering evidence so that it is available for legal proceedings (Masse 2003).

While these organizations have firewalls in place that stops them from readily accessing each other's data, according to a number of interviewees in the past few years, the relationships have improved a lot between the Security Service and many specialist police units. Generally speaking, there has been more involvement by domestic policing agencies in those functions regarding protection of the community.

Protection

Recently, corporate leaders have begun to recognize that security is more than an overhead expenditure. It may be very important for the competitiveness of any company. In order to improve the American commercial and corporate sector's security, a new regulatory environment has been established for corporate America with both the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the U.S.A. Patriot Act. A sign of rising interest in corporate security is the increasingly popular CSO journal. While CSO has a variety of meanings, from Chief Security Officer to Company Security officer, and Corporate Security Officer, each of these reflects the growing corporate interest and importance. The CSO journal is only about five years old, but already has over 25, 000 readers/subscribers (Greaves, 2008).

Training and certification is being provided by increasing number of organizations in the fields of private security. The largest one of these is ASIS International, with 35,000 members. There are hundreds of security conferences, held on topics such as corporate security; educational resources are offered to the members for certification as Physical Security… [END OF PREVIEW]

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