Term Paper: Psychoanalysis Study Edward Albee

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[. . .] Theme of phoniness is what inherited in the faces either being private or public. As per Albee's understanding and experience, in public situations many couples show their falsified image. Indiscretions to the world and person's problems are exposed in the preferred phoniness.

Along with creating the illusions of the wives and husbands, people do compose their fake image for the neighbors and friends and this is all shown by Albee. As Lacan says, he understands people by their desires and not what they do (Literary Theory and Criticism, 2011), the desires of the drama characters tell what they truly are. Both of the couples have real pain in their marriages and to ease the pain unconsciously, both of them have make up a happily married imaginary world and fantasies about their challenging lives. The mask to each other and to themselves (that of Honey, Nick, George and Martha) is well exposed and torn off with the development of the play. This is the same exposure that gives them the area to breathe and thus the exposure frees them.

George's lack of success and productivity at his job is one of the toughest experiences George and Martha faced in their lives. Albee beautifully shows the sarcastic hatred of George towards ambitious and young Nick. George's desire for success destroys one's individuality and self-esteem. Martha's attitude shows that as compare to men, women are more concerned towards the idea of success. Additionally, kids added in family completion and both of the couples have no child at all. As the characters are living like children so Albee thought none among them is ready to have kids.


The drama is basically written on the theme of hollow ideals of the Americans (Fox, 2011). It tells that the modern American lifestyle has big question marks and makes the life unsatisfactory. The people so blindly follow the financial aims and their ambitions that they forget the role and importance of satisfaction in their quest to be successful. The modern ideology of achievement is destructive, says the drama. The characters in the drama are all educated and belong to middle class and are the best among the people of America. However, these characters display cruel behavior during nights. Nick is for example, a character who wants to become professionally successful. He is an ambitious youth representing most of America. He is ready to pay any cost and treats his wife like a child. The relationship between husband and wife is critical and they even imagine about a son so that they can meaningfully communicate which otherwise seems so hard. The drama portrays how often in our quest to become successful, we can be inhumane like George is. He needs his wife to be blamed for his failures and in competencies that is so unbelievable from a successful person.

Among the minor themes of the drama is the fact that people often tend to seek refuge in imagination and avoid reality. Thus, they are not willing to take responsibilities. Like George, in order to be successful does not correct his mistakes rather puts the blame on the wife. The life is however about the reality and facing the challenges that can only grow bigger by avoiding and ignoring them. This is what happens to this small family as well. The Lacan perspective on this seeking shelter in the imagination would be to find the depth of feelings of characters and that how much they avoid the reality is proportional to their weakness as a human being. A strong person fights challenges rather than getting escape.


Analysis: A Cat on a Hot Tin Roof

Tennessee Williams' Cat on a Hot Tin Roof is a drama written in 1955 to analyze and understand the relationships among human beings. The expressions and behaviors studied in the drama are greed, hollowness, deception, decay, sexual desire, suppression, and death. The drama focuses on the social dynamics of regions of Southern United States yet can be generalized anywhere else since human beings are subject to same relationship challenges and dynamics everywhere. The topics of lies, family and relations issues, illegal relationships, illegal power and deception are more relatable today than they were ever before. There are enough opportunities in the drama for debate about American capitalism. The drama offers realism and ends in ambiguity thus arousing reader to think and seek answers. There is a lot of symbolism in the drama too (Drury, 2012). The drama gives an insight to how people deal with the death of a near one. For some time, the people think and believe that the mortality makes life useless. Man's fate is however not only about the dying at the end.


The lead characters in the drama are Maggie, Brick, Daddy and Mama. Maggie is the dissatisfied and hysterical women of the play -- play's cat. She is left to level down for Brick -- brick of a man. Loneliness of Maggie is because of the in-recognition of her desire by the refusal made by Brick. This refusal has made her bitter, nervous and hard.

Being the play's most fascinating character, Maggie is imaged as the lady who is consistently posturing in the mirror. Maggie grasps the audience mesmerized as indicated by William. In contradiction of the unresponsive Brick, the worried Maggie factually inaugurates to fall to bits. In complete Act I, Maggie gets prepared for the part at her best. But the disgusting gazes of Brick transform her into "Maggie the Cat." Maggie's childlessness is also the reason of her dispossession. It was her childlessness that calls in question her status as woman and then as a wife. She is lacking because she is a childless women.

Brick is the mourned lover and the favorite son. Before the world, Brick assumed a pose of triviality and owns the fascination of those who have given up. Being physically intact man with untouchable, self-contained and self-possessed personality, archetypal masculinity is possessed by Brick. Formerly this uninterested block, characters like Mama and Maggie find themselves in the throes of desire or for Daddy like characters it's the state of aggression. Being located him at a far side of family show, he is limited to routinely and mechanical search for a peaceful click and this he is indeed a broken man. In the athletic field of high school, the broken ankle experience by him while crossing hurdles through jumping materialized the brokenness of Brick's character. Formally in Act I, it is Maggie and latterly in Act II, it is Daddy who brought Brick to the judgment twice in the place about his desire. Brick dodges Daddy by emptying all of the significant words of him when Daddy approached him.

Big Daddy who believed that he has returned from the grave is a vulgar plantation millionaire who was a brash and large "Mississippi redneck" old-fashioned man. Considering Brick as his rightful successor, Daddy loves Brick. He unconsciously knows never of his own death, and also it's a limited experience of his death. As commonly said that a rich man can never buy his live at any cost, Daddy realizes this all in a single glimpse of death. He finally realizes the presence of the lady whom he took for granted throughout his life. She was the lady worthy diamonds and desiring live all respect as she stands by his man in the toughest of the mental and biological condition. Learning from his experience, Daddy advised his son and forcefully made her son to address his own desire.

Big Mama is an earnest, occasionally grotesque, bedecked in flashy gems, sincere, breathless and a fat lady. She is considered as an object of indulgence, affection and pity. For the future of the family, investing Brick with all of her expectations, she mostly favors him. With the Daddy's cancer revelation, the moment of dignity is there for Mama. Despite the humiliations, she becomes the women who know to stand for a cause and thus she stood by her man. This captivated play depicts the best image of persistent feminine loyalty.

Each character is indulged in his or her own mystery and fighting a war with self as well as society. These characters are as weak inside as strong they seem to the world. They have their human limitations but rather than accepting those limitations, they try to achieve perfection in life forgetting that perfection does not exist. Human beings need to understand, acknowledge and live with the fact that they need to develop harmony between different segments of their life across time and space. People can only end up in worries by fighting with themselves and thus they should not follow the mirage of perfection and wholeness.

Themes and Symbols

The drama is based on the themes of homosexuality and lies. The broken manliness is explained in the drama that makes people cripple and some end up in finding themselves in homosexuality. Brick is a broken individual who… [END OF PREVIEW]

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