Term Paper: Psychological Scientists Are Levying Great

Pages: 2 (537 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Psychology  ·  Buy This Paper

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] Firstly, naturalistic observation is a descriptive method and lacks explanatory nature. That is, without the controlled conditions of the laboratory, conclusions about cause-and-effect relationships cannot be drawn. Behavior can only be described, not explained. This method can also take a great amount of time. Researchers may have to wait for some time to observe the behavior or phenomenon of interest. Further limitations include the difficulty of observing behavior without disrupting it and the difficulty of coding results in a manner appropriate for statistical analysis. Other limitations include the obtrusive nature of this method which can alter the reaction of the subject to the presence of the observer. Interpersonal skills of the observer play a vital role in this method in order to gain trust of the subject and other sponsors. Note taking can be time consuming and neutral observations are difficult to make.

References

McBurney, DH, & White, T.L. (2006). Research methods. (7th ed.). Wadsworth Publishing.

Miller, D.B. (1977). Roles of naturalistic observation in comparative psychology. American Psychologist, 32(3), 211-219. Retrieved from http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/amp/32/3/211/

Bratton, S., Ray, D., & Rhine, T. (2005). The efficacy of play therapy with children: A meta-analytic review of treatment outcomes. Journal of Professional Psychology Research and Practice, 36(4), 376-390.

Cook, R.E., Tessier, A. & Klein, M.D. (2000). Adapting early childhood curricula for children in inclusive settings (5th ed). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Merrill Prentice- Hall.

Spero, M.H. (1977). Interpretations and ego readiness: A psychodynamic approach. . Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 14(1), 74-78. Retrieved from http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/pst/14/1/74/

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Psychological Scientists Are Levying Great.  (2012, July 7).  Retrieved July 23, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/psychological-scientists-levying-great/398393

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"Psychological Scientists Are Levying Great."  7 July 2012.  Web.  23 July 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/psychological-scientists-levying-great/398393>.

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"Psychological Scientists Are Levying Great."  Essaytown.com.  July 7, 2012.  Accessed July 23, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/psychological-scientists-levying-great/398393.