Essay: Psychology in the 1950

Pages: 3 (923 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Death and Dying  (general)

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[. . .] In the test, subjects rated and described themselves using the five traits. Friends and family would then rate the subjects as well as observers at social situations such as parties and work. The groundbreaking data showed that if the subject described themselves as introspective for example, others would too (Belsky, 1999). Therefore, the way people view and describe their personality traits are generally accurate and are viewed similarly by others. In addition to this, their studies showed that a pessimistic outlook on life is generally a stressful burden older people will carry with them if not altered in youth (Belsky, 1999).

When the elderly pass away, people often speak of the legacy of the deceased and what they have left behind. This is also generally something the elderly contemplate often before their passing (Belsky, 1999). The idea of leaving behind a legacy and having hope for future generations of humanity to strive is referred to as generativity in the psychological sense. Psychologists Dan McAdams proved through several charts and tests that generativity is heightened at later stages of life (Belsky, 1999). This appears to be because older adults have had a long amount of time to contemplate life and it's priorities. Also, the elderly have more time to establish an emotional connection with the world and its inhabitants before they leave and therefore may have more desire than their younger counterparts for the world and life to continue (Belsky, 1999).

Psychologist Hazel Markus introduced the concept of the self-schema in which humans gain knowledge of who they are and envision what their future will be like (Belsky, 1999). According to Markus, our self-schemas guide us to choices as they are our perceived idea of our adult-development and therefore greatly effect it (Belsky, 1999). In an all-encompassing manner, Laura Cartensen developed the Socioemotional-Selectivity Theory which explains humans attachments to particularly people. Basically, due to aging, humans generally come to a point where they attempt to focus more on the present and creating a positive emotional state for themselves (Belsky, 1999). Because of this, people want to surround themselves with people and things they feel familiar, at peace, and joyous with. Death can be a time of darkness for many and therefore being surrounded by love and joy is important to the elderly which leads to the selectivity of positivity.

Reference List

The Psychology of Aging. (2009) University of Southern California. .

F. De Fruyt, R.R. McCrae, Z. Szirmak, & J. Nagy (2004). The Five-factor Personality

Inventory as a measure of the Five-factor Model: Belgian, American, and Hungarian comparisons with the NEO-PI-R. NCBI Vol. 11 (3), 207-15.

Belsky, J. (1999). The Psychology… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Psychology in the 1950.  (2011, July 28).  Retrieved December 6, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/psychology-1950/3158553

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"Psychology in the 1950."  Essaytown.com.  July 28, 2011.  Accessed December 6, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/psychology-1950/3158553.