Psychotherapy for Psychopathy Research Paper

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[. . .] That is to say that had Kuklinski been raised in a different environment absent unpredictable violence and unreliable adults, he may not have developed such a high degree of callous, remorseless behavior. Indeed, Kuklinski could have pursued work that would have enabled him to channel his psychopathic personality traits in socially acceptable ways, such as soldiering, policing, prizefighting, or a similar occupation.

C. Applying the theory. You have two options for this task.

Option 2: Select a task from the three below and provide your own response.

1. You are asked to prepare a report for the courts outlining the key factors that should be taken into account when considering sentencing a defendant with antisocial/psychopathic traits. Consider here information that the courts should consider with regard to the individual's culpability for acts of violence and factors relevant to the understanding of traits that might indicate the likelihood of re- offence. You can provide examples from the source material to support your report.

The laws regarding the capacity of people with mental health to stand trial, provide relevant information to their counsel, and participate in their own defense is based on seminal law dating at least back to 1843 with the M'Naghten case in the United Kingdom. In this case, an insanity plea to would be determined according to the defendant's capacity to understand what he was doing at the time a crime was committed, and if he was cognizant of his crime, the second pillar for determination of capacity is whether the defendant knew what he was doing was wrong. Then followed the overly broad Durham rule, which stated, "that an accused is not criminally responsible if his unlawful act was the product of mental disease or mental defect," and was subsequently overturned by the Brawner rule. The Brawner rule came from the ALI test of Model Penal Code, which-based decisions about insanity on this standard:

"A person is not responsible for criminal conduct if at the time of the such conduct as a result of mental disease or defect he lacks substantial capacity either to appreciate the criminality [wrongfulness] of his conduct or to conform his conduct to the requirements of law." (American Law Institute, 1985, Sec. 4.01)

The ALI test required consideration of the "substantial capacity" of an accused person, and in this way covered ground that the M'Naghten rule disregarded.

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Psychology Discussion: Psychopathology

Psychology Discussion: Psychopathology

So this brings us to the nexus of a defendant's understanding of societal legal standards, the capacity of a defendant to differentiate from right and wrong, and finally, the defendant's capacity for abiding or failing to abide by the law which brings up the issue of the irresistible impulse test. Following the ALI test, the capacity laws become more stringent and held that people with some mental disorders basically functional and could make clear judgments about the rightness or wrongness of their behavior. It is within this category that most individuals with psychopathy are located. Generally, underlying issues -- such as hearing voices, or experiencing delusions that cause a person believe that what they are doing is right, despite it being against the law -- are absent in psychopathy. Disregard for the law is absolute in a person with psychopathy, which is part stems from an absence of regret, guilt, remorse, and general indifference to punishments, except where it triggers reactive aggression. The logic of crime and punishment does not escape a person with psychopathy; instead, there is general resentment rather than contriteness. A person with psychopathy can be sufficiently cunning so as to avoid being caught by the law for very long periods of time, during which they reoffend with impunity, outsmarting the law and those they come in contact with during the course of their quotidian affairs. The courts and experts in psychology hold that individuals with psychopathology are highly likely to reoffend, are not changed through confinement or punishment, and must be kept from opportunity to reoffend.

Task A. Using the week 4 lecture notes, and other resources you choose, answer the following questions about the Freudian view of personality and behaviour.

1. Describe each of the three structural components of personality (id, ego and superego). In your answer, refer to the levels of consciousness.

According to Freudian theory, the mind is structured by both conscious and unconscious components. All of the thinking that a person is aware of or can easily bring into awareness makes up the conscious mind. All of the thinking, memories, urges, desires, hopes, and emotions that are outside of our state of awareness make up the unconscious mind. The ego is the aspect of personality that mediates among the id, the superego, and the reality in which we exist. The id makes demands on a person, typically [END OF PREVIEW]

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Psychotherapy for Psychopathy.  (2014, May 17).  Retrieved February 23, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/psychotherapy-psychopathy/6751769

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https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/psychotherapy-psychopathy/6751769.