PTSD in Children of Hurricane Essay

Pages: 2 (746 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 2  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Psychology

Many symptoms can be mitigated when parents and teachers provide emotional support and facilitate adaptive coping strategies in school settings.

However, clinical and professional counseling may be necessary for those children having the hardest time adjusting and moving past their traumatic experience. Some continue to be plagued by persistent symptoms that disrupt their functioning long after the traumatic event has ended. Therapists must be prepared to provide developmentally appropriate interventions to children who experience distress after natural disasters. It is often helpful that clinicians ask parents, relatives and teachers whether children's behaviors would be considered "normal" prior to the disaster (Alvarez, 2010). Such assessment guides the framework for counseling.

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Therapeutic interventions should involve reassurance of normalcy, extra attention and nurturance, re-establishing routine, open communication, and facilitating adaptive coping strategies (Speier, 2000). Cognitive Behavior Therapy is helpful for establishing feelings of safety and managing symptoms. The same can be said for using "play therapy" to help facilitate a youth's retelling of the trauma story (Kronenberg, et al., 2010). In cases where a child has suffered the physical loss of a loved one, play therapy is also helpful in reconnecting with that person to release feelings of grief and anxiety. Finally, therapists should teach children methods of managing intrusive thoughts that lie lodged in their implicit memory. By "changing the tape" youth can learn to replace negative thoughts with a predetermined positive song, story, or saying such as "I'm safe right now and I know it because I have . . ." (Speier, 2000). In general, a holistic approach -- integrating the mental, spiritual, and physical -- is needed to address the needs of children impacted by natural disaster and lessen symptoms associated with PTSD.


American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (Revised 4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Essay on PTSD in Children of Hurricane Assignment

Alvarez, D. (2010). "I Had To Teach Hard": Traumatic Conditions and Teachers in Post-Katrina Classrooms. The High School Journal 94(1), 28-39. The University of North Carolina Press. Retrieved August 16, 2012, from Project MUSE database.

Kronenberg, M., Hansel, T., Brennan, A., Osofsky, H., Osofsky, J., and Lawrason, B. (2010). Children of Katrina: Lessons Learned About Postdisaster Symptoms and Recovery Patterns. Child Development, 81(4), 124-153. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01465.x.

Speier, A.H.… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "PTSD in Children of Hurricane" Essay in a Bibliography:

APA Style

PTSD in Children of Hurricane.  (2012, August 16).  Retrieved January 26, 2021, from

MLA Format

"PTSD in Children of Hurricane."  16 August 2012.  Web.  26 January 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"PTSD in Children of Hurricane."  August 16, 2012.  Accessed January 26, 2021.