Public Good and High-Quality Governance Literature Review

Pages: 11 (3199 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 24  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Doctorate  ·  Topic: Management  ·  Written: March 27, 2020

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Imperatively, transparency in government decision making and execution of public policy diminishes ambiguity and can aid in the preclusion of corruption amongst public officials (Saladin, 1999).

Rule of Law

Good governance plays an important role in society as it demands fair and equitable legal frameworks that are implemented impartially. Good governance also necessitates the complete safeguarding of human rights, especially those of minorities and the susceptible ones in society (Merry, Davis, and Kingsbury, 2015). The Rule of Law is pertinent to poverty alleviation. In particular, the susceptible and the poor are in dire need of safety of life, personal protection, and human rights, which can be rendered by the rule of law. Devoid of the rule of law, there is an increase in susceptibility to corruption, heightened insecurity, and also a greater likelihood of loss of property to government officials (Johnston, 2006).

Decentralization

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The separation of political and administrative powers from one territory to another between dissimilar spatial bodies in society is as vital and significant a constitutional issue as the distribution of powers between branches of government and the formation of guidelines within which they conduct their operations (Green, 2005). Good governance within society enables efficacious decentralization, which offers sensational prospects for democratic change locally and can also aid in the improvement of national democracy (Hussein, 2003). Notably, decentralization brings about democratic strength and energy when it provides people with a democratic experience. It strengthens democracy through the removal of barriers to public participation, reinforcing the openness and accountability of government. Smith (2007) indicates that good governance brings about decentralization and consequently facilitates the responsiveness of public policies, democratic stability, and alleviation of poverty. Good governance is important for sustainable development.

The Need for Good Governance

Literature Review on Public Good and High-Quality Governance Assignment

The most significant need of the general public is security, more so the safety of life and property. The fundamental responsibility of the state is to facilitate the safety of the life and property of every citizen within the nation. In a democracy, the right of freedom, life, and also speech can solely be secured through the rule of law. No entity is above the law, not even the government. This is one of the significant needs for good governance in a nation. The notion and implementation of good governance in a nation demand that there ought to be positive mechanisms and processes that will facilitate three fundamental actors, including the government, market, and society, to work in tandem and to complement and enhance each other's ability (Jindal, 2014). Good governance is efficient and equitable and promotes the implementation of the rule of law in a fair manner. It guarantees that the voices and views of the poorest and most susceptible are heard and taken into consideration in decision making over the apportioning of resources for development. Also, good governance ensures that economic, social, and political priorities are centered on agreement across the board, amongst the government, the civil society, and the private sector. Imperatively, all of these stakeholders play a pivotal role in sustaining human development. First, the state is responsible for generating a favorable political and legal environment. Secondly, the private sector plays the role of creating jobs, revenues, and income. Third, civil society enables social and political interrelation (Jindal, 2014).

Governance is deemed to be good when it apportions and manages resources to react to communal and shared issues; basically, when a State efficaciously provides public goods of essential quality to its citizens. As a result, according to Rotberg (2004), it implies that states ought to be examined on both the quality and the quantity of the public goods that are rendered to citizens. Notably, the policies that supply public goods are directed by principles such as transparency, human rights, democracy, decentralized supremacy sharing, transparency, the rule of law, accountability, equity, strategic vision, and sound public administration (Cheema, 2005). There is a significant need for good governance to facilitate the eradication of corruption within societies, give citizens their rights and liberties, the ability of public participation in the decisions that impact their daily lives, and to hold the government culpable for the decisions they make and the actions that they carry out (Nzongola-Ntalaja, 2002).

Good governance is also necessary for the promotion of gender equality, the sustainability of the environment, facilitating the citizens in exercising their liberties, and also encourages the provision of tools to diminish poverty, scarcity, terror, and violence. Following the United Nations, good governance is perceived as participatory, transparent, as well as accountable. It takes into account state entities and their undertakings and includes the private sector and civil society establishments (Mimicopoulos et al., 2007). Furthermore, from a practical point of view, good governance is necessary as it facilitates the strengthening of democratic institutions. This is achieved through national free, fair, and frequent elections, a legislature that is representative to the citizens, independence of the judiciary and media from the state in their actions, the assurance of human rights, government institutions that are both transparent and accountable in their operations, local governments that hold decentralized power, and a civil society that prioritizes and safeguard the necessities of the most vulnerable persons in society (Cheema, 2005; Mimicopoulos et al., 2007).

Good governance is necessary for the effective running and operation of the public sector. Notably, every public sector institution is reliant upon and spends public money that is obtained through taxation. Imperatively, how this money is utilized and the quality of services rendered is critically significant to citizens and taxpayers at large. As a result, good governance is needed to ensure that public services are of high standard and quality (Juiz, Guerrero, and Lera, 2014). It is pivotal to elucidate that good governance results in proper management, proper performance, and proper investment and utilization of public funds proper public conduct and proper positive outcomes. Good governance is also essential in making certain that the governors of public services make certain that they take into consideration the goals and objectives of public service entities and that they work and operate in the interest of the general public (Juiz, Guerrero, and Lera, 2014).

As proclaimed by Kofi Annan, good governance is perchance the single most significant necessity for poverty eradication and the promotion of development. It guarantees the implementation of economic, administrative, and political power in the management and accounting of public affairs at all levels (Jindal, 2014). As a result, it is perceptible that devoid of good governance, no developmental schemes and initiatives can generate improvement in the quality and standard of life of the citizens (Grindle, 2004). Good governance is essential for the improvement of the lives of the poor. This is linked to the fact that if there is an abuse of power or such power is implemented improperly, the poor people in society are most likely bound to suffer. Poor governance creates and worsens poverty and undermines any efforts to reduce it (Kwon and Kim, 2014).

References
  1. Jindal, N. (2014). Good governance: Needs and challenges. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 5(5), 113 – 116.
  2. Pierre. J. & Peters, B. G. (2000). Governance, Politics, and the State. New York: St. Martin's Press.
  3. World Bank. (1994). Governance: the World Bank's Experience. Washington, DC: World Bank.
  4. Onichakwe, C. C. (2016). The role of good governance and development administration in national development. International Journal of Development and Management Review, 11(1), 176-186.
  5. Sharma, M.P., Sadana B.L., Kaur, H. (2013). Public administration: In theory and practice. Marg Allahabad. Kitab Mahal.
  6. Mimicopoulos, M., Kyj, L., Sormani, N., Bertucci, G., & Qian, H. (2007). Public governance indicators: A literature review. New York, NY: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
  7. Rotberg, R. I. (2004). Strengthening governance: Ranking countries would help. The Washington Quarterly, 28(1), 71-81.
  8. Nzongola-Ntalaja, G. (2002). UNDP's role in promoting good governance. In Seminar for the international guests at the congress of the labor party of Norway, OSLO.
  9. Cheema, G. S. (2005). Building democratic institutions: governance reform in developing countries. Kumarian Press.
  10. Uddin, S. A., & Villadsen, S. (2010). Impact of Good Governance on Development in Bangladesh: A Study. MPA Thesis.
  11. Ahmad, R. (2008). Governance, social accountability, and civil society. JOAAG, 3(1), 10-21.
  12. Masango, R. (2002). Public participation: A critical ingredient of good governance. Politeia, 21(2), 52-65.
  13. Elahi, K. Q. I. (2009). UNDP on good governance. International Journal of Social Economics.
  14. Green, K. (2005). Decentralization and good governance:… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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