Research Paper: Quantitative and Qualitative Research Critique

Pages: 4 (1332 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Education  ·  Buy This Paper

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] Authors have presented a brief yet clear- cut abstract which appropriately encapsulates key study elements.

The abstract as well as introduction hints at the research’s problem statement. This statement comprises of study purpose, which is, obtaining a clearer grasp of caregiver role in patient transitions between acute care centers and rehab facilities. In specific, as has been pointed out by researchers in the study’s abstract, this research chiefly targets older adults. Their research hypothesis is: considering the fact that the transition of patients from one care setting to another is extremely sensitive to contextual differences, patients and caregivers might be exposed to diverse experiences in the process of transition (Jeffs et al, 2017).

Within the context of qualitative studies, analyzing relevant literature is crucial to offering a logical framework for authors’ endeavors. Jeffs and coworkers (2017) definitely take advantage of certain appropriate prior researches for the purpose of contextualizing their own study. However, they have not offered any definite literature review section and consequently, one cannot find any explicit literature synthesis, description or examination. The study’s introduction, however, refers to other works, including that of Berenson and Coleman (2004). These authors put forward the hypothesis that older patients suffering from complex ailments are required to undergo multiple transitions during their care, involving a number of healthcare personnel, care systems and care settings. As a study background, this proves especially valuable since it offers proofs indicating the need for analysis. However, the absence of explicit discussions on this sort of relevant literature within the article’s introduction is slightly disappointing. According to the researchers, previous works on the topic have revealed that older patients typically depict a greater likelihood of suffering inadequate transitions between care settings. This is perhaps owing to the absence of a shared plan of patient care, or the contradictory self- management suggestions made by providers, or being ill- prepared for self- care. This has been underscored by researches which demonstrate the link between poor patient results and inadequate transitions; poor results include greater possibility of re- hospitalization or an emergency room visit during the first three months after being sent home, threatening medicine/ treatment- linked events, caregiver and patient dissatisfaction and functional degeneration. The following literature gap has been revealed – a majority of research works conducted on the subject of care transition and caregivers concentrates on older patients moving from an acute care facility to their home; not much attention is paid to the degree of patient and caregiver engagement in the course of such inter- facility shifts (Jeffs et al, 2017). But the subsequent sections of the paper cite literature in support of their views, although this may not be considered akin to offering an explicit background.

The research work’s conceptual foundation is: patients and their caregivers may be considered a constant variable during care transition. They are capable of offering beneficial details on care transition quality for mitigating threats to care quality and patient safety. This is especially important in case of patients being transferred from an acute care setting to a rehabilitation center, in which priorities undergo a shift from life- saving endeavors to a restoration of wellbeing, health and functioning (Jeffs et al, 2017).

References

Coleman, E. A., & Berenson, R. A. (2004). Lost in transition: challenges and opportunities for improving the quality of transitional care. Annals of internal medicine, 141(7), 533-536.

Coughlan, M., Cronin, P., & Ryan, F. (2007). Step-by-step guide to critiquing research. Part 1: quantitative research. British journal of nursing, 16(11), 658-663.

de Lima Guimarães, G., Goveia, V. R., Quispe Mendonza, I. Y., dos Reis Corrêa, A., Silqueira de Matos, S., & Oliveira Guimarães, J. (2017). NURSING INTERVENTIONS FOR HEMODIALYSIS PATIENTS THROUGH CENTRAL VENOUS CATHETER. Journal of Nursing UFPE/Revista de Enfermagem UFPE, 11(3).

Jeffs, L., Saragosa, M., Law, M. P., Kuluski, K., Espin, S., & Merkley, J. (2017). The role of caregivers in interfacility care transitions: a qualitative study. Patient preference and adherence, 11, 1443.

Masters, K. (2015). Nursing theories: A framework for professional practice (2nd ed.). Burlington, MA:… [END OF PREVIEW]

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