Redefining Health and Safety in Educational Institutions in the Republic of Mauritius Research Proposal

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¶ … Republic of Mauritius has progressed rapidly in some areas of economic and social development over recent years, there are still areas that have been failed to be addressed sufficiently as this study will demonstrate. This study is qualitative in nature having been conducted through an extension review of literature. Findings in this study include the fact that The Republic of Maritius has implemented health and safety regulations in schools and that this includes an operational food control system for ensuring health protection of consumers and that the food control system has four primary components and specifically those of: (1) food legislation; (2) the administration; (3) the enforcement; and (4) the supporting bodies. (Subratty, Chan, and Kassean, 2008) It is related in the work of Subratty, Chan and Kassean (2008) and therefore reported in the conclusions of this study the earlier Food and Drug Acts in The Republic of Mauritius were appropriate and sufficient however, they are presently very much out of date and do not serve in coping with the changes that have occurred in the Mauritian food system specifically in terms of technological changes. Earlier regulations lacked comprehensibility and penalties were flimsy at best creating little if any disincentive. A major legislative review in 1998 resulted in the development of the Food Act in which there was more emphasis given on modernization of the law through prescription of new standards and consolidation and incorporating of all sections for the modern food act requirements. This study concludes that the Food Control System of Mauritius is "satisfactory' and rated as "Class C." This study further finds that the problem areas in the Food Control System are related to administration and enforcement of the Food Control System health and safety regulations and that this is directly related to the absence of a national strategy for food safety. There also has been found to be a lack of coordination in the areas of administration and enforcement of the Food Control System and its regulations as well as due to duplication of work resulting in wasted resources and gaps in coverage in the Food Control System regulatory environment.


Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction


Chapter 2: Review of Literature


Chapter 3: Research Methodology


Chapter 4: Results & Discussion


Chapter 5: Conclusion & Recommendations





Statement of the Problem

While the Republic of Mauritius has progressed rapidly in some areas of economic and social development over recent years, there are still areas that have been failed to be addressed sufficiently as this study will demonstrate.


The work of the World Bank entitled: "Constructing Knowledge Societies: New Challenges for Tertiary Education" (2002) developing and transition economies face significant new trends in the global environment that affect not only the shape and mode of operation but also the very purpose of tertiary education systems." The World Bank states that tertiary education & #8230;is necessary for the effective creation, dissemination, and application of knowledge for building technical and professional capacity." (2002) The state, according to the World Bank "has a responsibility to put in place an enabling framework that encourages tertiary education institutions to be more innovative and more responsive to the needs of a globally competitive knowledge economy and to the changing labor market requirements for advanced human capital." (2002)

Tertiary education institutions directly affect national productivity which is turn effects living standards as well as the ability of a country to compete in the economy on a global scale. Poverty reduction and knowledge-driven economic growth strategies are supported by tertiary education institutions through:

(1) training a qualified and adaptable labor force, including high-level scientists, professionals, technicians, teachers in basic and secondary education, and future government civil service and business leaders;

(2) generation of new knowledge; and (3) building the capacity to access existing stores of global knowledge and to adapt that knowledge to local use. (The World Bank, 2002) Finally, tertiary education role in supporting "basic and secondary education" is 'key' and is necessary for sustaining progress in basic education. (The World Bank, 2002)

I. United Nations (2000) Assessment Of Progress Of Mauritius

The United Nations 'Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF)': Mauritius" published in 2000 states that the UN system support to Mauritius has "evolved over the years to respond to changing demands in the face of a fast evolving economic, social and political situation in the country." (United Nations, 2000) The primary goal of the UN in providing assistance to Mauritius is "to attain the highest level of standard of living and quality of life for all within the framework of human rights." (United Nations, 2000) Areas of intervention identified by the UN include those of:

(1) social development;

(2) health and population (HIV / AIDS); and (3) environment. (United Nations, 2000)

II. Objectives of Assistance -- Interventions in Social Development

Stated as objectives of assistance in the social development intervention are the objectives as follows:

(1) To alleviate poverty with particular emphasis on vulnerable groups including women, children and the elderly, thereby promoting the right of all to an adequate standard of living; (2) To promote social cohesion through support to CBOs and other grassroots organizations involved in community work and neighborhood activities to consolidate local community life;

(3) To promote equal opportunities, equitable access and treatment with regard to employment, resources and training, with particular emphasis on enhancing women's decision making capabilities at all levels;

(4) To promote every child's right to protection, care and optimal development;

(5) To reduce substance abuse as well as demand for and trafficking of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances while protecting the most vulnerable groups, especially youth and children; and (6) To assist in identifying and addressing the social determinants of vulnerabilities to the HIV / AIDS epidemic, thereby promoting the right to information and services in the field of HIV / AIDS. (United Nations, 2000)

III. Objectives of Assistance -- Intervention in Health and Population

Stated as objectives of assistance in the intervention of Health and Population (HIV / AIDS) are the following objectives:

(1) To increase health system performance through effective participation of all stakeholders and strengthening of the scientific foundations of health policy, with emphasis on primary health care;

(2) To support the promotion of positive health seeking behavior, including sexual and reproductive health, with particular emphasis on children, adolescents and youth; and (3) To assist in the prevention of HIV / AIDS, in the early identification of new HIV infections, and provide care and support to those infected and affected; and (4) To support every child's right to survival and good health. (United Nations, 2000)

IV. Objectives of Provision of Assistance in Environmental Intervention

The UN states that the objective of the provision of assistance to Mauritius in the environment intervention area are those stated as follows:

(1) To support sustainable management of natural resources, including Integrated Coastal Zone Management, water resource management (with special attention to Rodrigues and outer islands) and Conservation and protection of biodiversity; and (2) To support Integrated Waste Management, cleaner production, emission reduction and prevention of pollution of fresh water and marine environment. (United Nations, 2000)

V. Economic Overview of Mauritius

The United Nations report states that Mauritius was transformed "from a low-income to a middle-income country in the course of a single generation" and that this has been accomplished on the basis of "an exception record of economic success." (United Nations, 2000) Specifically, the economy of Mauritius is stated to have grown "…an average of 5.6 per cent a year. The highest growth rate recorded was about 7% during 1985-89, reaching a peak of 8.3% in 1987. By the end of the 1980s, Mauritius was no longer a low wage economy. Per capita income at the end of the 1990s had reached $3,600. The economy in 1998 grew at 5.8%. In 1999, due to severe drought which adversely affected the sugar industry, the second pillar of the country, the growth rate for that particular year was 2.6%." (United Nations, 2000)

Mauritius is stated to have made extremely large improvements in its satisfying the population's "…lower level basic needs…" (United Nations, 2000) Mauritius is stated to have advanced to the middle-income countries grouping in the classification of the World Bank. Mauritius is further stated to hold a ranking of 71st among 174 countries with a Human Development Index (HDI) stated at 0.761. (United Nations, 2000) Mauritius has also been named among the countries that have achieved 'medium human development.' (United Nations, 2000) The Republic of Mauritius is stated to be a "true multi-party democratic state based on the rule of law." (United Nations, 2000)

In spite of the trends of the 1980s and 1990s which are positive there have been setbacks for Mauritius in the past and these include factors relating to social inequalities and deprivation in the form of poverty and social exclusion which… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Redefining Health and Safety in Educational Institutions in the Republic of Mauritius.  (2009, May 15).  Retrieved January 21, 2020, from

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"Redefining Health and Safety in Educational Institutions in the Republic of Mauritius."  15 May 2009.  Web.  21 January 2020. <>.

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"Redefining Health and Safety in Educational Institutions in the Republic of Mauritius."  May 15, 2009.  Accessed January 21, 2020.