Term Paper: Regional Planning, Some Examples

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[. . .] Fast Facts About the Strategic Plan

Background

TVA is preparing for fundamental changes that we believe increased competition will bring to the entire electric utility industry and to TVA's business environment.

In the past decade, as the electric-utility industry has moved toward open-market competition, many TVA distributor customers have told us that they want the option of buying from other sources.

We have agreed with TVA distributors on legislative language, called the TVA Title, that would open the Tennessee Valley to competition.

While we don't know when legislation might be enacted, the draft Strategic Plan simulates the competitive world created by the TVA Title, and it gives us tools to analyze TVA's operational and financial options in that environment.

The planning process considers how the new market may function, what competitive pressures TVA will face, and how TVA must prepare now for success in the future. • The strategic plan establishes an analytical framework within which TVA can set annual budgets, develop annual performance plans, and make projections about the region's power needs.

The analysis that supports this plan is the most detailed and rigorous competitive-risk analysis in TVA's history.

The analysis focused on assessing how competitive markets are likely to work and how TVA could be impacted.

TVA staff and industry experts examined TVA's total operations and developed and analyzed scenarios to examine such issues as how competitive TVA could be in a changing market, how many customers might switch to other power suppliers if prices changed, and how TVA can gain the financial flexibility needed for survival in a more volatile market." http://www.tva.gov/abouttva/stratplan/index.htm

The relative facts regarding the strategic planning suggests that the authorities are working hard for the development of their country and they have keenly observed the facts and figures before developing strategic plan. TVA has resolved many problems related to health, electricity and housing problems of the people. The authorities were able to solve these problems with the help of their strategic plans.

By the 1960s many of the regional problems of underdevelopment had been overcome, per capita income had increased dramatically, and rapid out migration had ended. However, the TVA continues to seek ways to make the largely rural area an attractive alternative to overcrowded cities. In the late 1960s and early 70s the TVA began to place greater emphasis on environmental protection as industrialization and rising living standards resulted in greater demands on the environment. In the conflict between economic and environmental objectives the TVA sought a suitable balance, particularly in its power program. Despite the TVA's environmental protection efforts, the agency has been criticized principally by environmental groups. Controversial issues have involved construction of the Tellico Dam and Reservoir on the Little Tennessee River, the nuclear power program, and the TVA's purchase of pollution credits from Wisconsin Power and Light in 1992" http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0861487.html

Many achievements have been made by TVA during these years and the authorities are still making new and refined strategic plans so that they could serve their people and can resolve their problems through unhealthy living can be converted into healthy living and the people can get the relative services. The TVA and its authorities are finding new and effective ways and methodologies for the development of regional areas and they have selected authorities who are well experienced in this field and they have the insight and vision to develop strategic plans which could help them in attaining their objectives. Another examples is of Appalachian Regional Commission which is also serving the people and the background of this regional committee is as under:

In December 2003, ARC formally launched a comprehensive strategic planning process to help guide economic and community development work in the Appalachian Region over the next five years. In the first stage of the process, to be completed in late April, Commission partners are gathering information and input by conducting a comprehensive review of socioeconomic changes in the Region; researching key development issues; holding consultations with ARC state partners and advisory councils; and conducting field forums across the Region and in Washington, D.C., with citizens, representatives of private, public, and nonprofit organizations, and local development district officials. The next stage of the strategic planning process, to be completed by the end of June, will involve synthesis of the information gathered. In this stage ARC partners will identify key issues and prioritize development strategies and activities." http://www.arc.gov/index.do?nodeId=2163

The analysis of Appalachian Regional Commission declares the fact that the authorities of this regional planning committee have also been involved in the development of strategic plans and they are making efforts to raise the standards of the regions with in the country. The officials and the members of the planning committee are worried about the inhabitants and they want to give them the best services so that they can live happily. The strategic plans of Appalachian Regional Commission is formulated and developed with the discussion and advises of the other related authorities so that a considerable and an effective plan can be formulated in order to fulfill the objective of regional development of the country.

In the mid 1960s, at the urging of two U.S. presidents, Congress created legislation to address the persistent poverty and growing economic despair of the Appalachian Region. A few statistics tell the story: One of every three Appalachians lived in poverty

Per capita income was 23% lower than the U.S. average High unemployment and harsh living conditions had in the 1950s forced more than 2 million Appalachians to leave their homes and seek work in other regions. In 1960, the Region's governors formed the Conference of Appalachian Governors to develop a regional approach to resolving these problems. In 1961, they took their case to newly elected President John F. Kennedy, who had been deeply moved by the poverty he saw during campaign trips to West Virginia. In 1963 Kennedy formed a special panel, which later became the President's Appalachian Regional Commission (PARC), and directed it to draw up "a comprehensive program for the economic development of the Appalachian Region."President Lyndon B. Johnson used PARC's report as the basis for legislation developed with the bipartisan support of Congress. Submitted to Congress in 1964, the Appalachian Regional Development Act (ARDA) was passed early in 1965 by a broad bipartisan coalition and signed into law (PL 89-4) on March 9, 1965." http://www.arc.gov/index.do?nodeId=7

The development of Appalachian Regional Commission have provided the people of the country with department who is continuously involved in the developmental betterment of the regions, this department have served the people since its inception and it has been noted that the authorities faced a lot of pressure and hardships during the implementation of theirs strategic plans but they managed to overcome these hardships and finally they implemented their strategic plans which become successful over a period of time. The goal and objective of the authorities in this planning commission proves that the authorities are in constant struggle to attain high standard and better quality of life for the people of the country. The research has also included a brief description of the goals and objectives Appalachian Regional Commission, so that the reader can gain an understanding of the efforts, which the authorities are making in order to provide the people with better standard of living. These goals and objectives are as under:

GOALS AND OBJECTIVES:

The goal of the ARC program is to create opportunities for self-sustaining economic development and improved quality of life. All projects must meet one of the following five goals established by ARC:

ARC Goal 1: Appalachian residents will have the skills and knowledge necessary to compete in the world economy in the 21st century.

ARC Goal 2: Appalachian communities will have the physical infrastructure necessary for self-sustaining economic development and improved quality of life.

ARC Goal 3: The people and organizations of Appalachia will have the vision and capacity to mobilize and work together for sustained economic progress and improvement of their communities.

ARC Goal 4: Appalachian residents will have access to financial and technical resources to help build dynamic and self-sustaining local economies.

ARC Goal 5: Appalachian residents will have access to affordable, quality health care." http://www.adeca.alabama.gov/content/adm/arc/arc.aspx

CONCLUSION:

The paper has discussed the efforts and importance of regional planning committee with in the country. The paper has made use of certain examples in order to provide the readers with effective arguments, which could prove that regional planning committees are an essential part and an important department of the country, which have the responsibility of developing the regions, villages and towns. The paper will answer the following question related to the study, which would prove the relative outcome and effectiveness of this research study:

Does the study support or reject your hypothesis?

The study has been made on the regional planning committees and one of the topics regarding regional planning is selected which is strategic planning and its development. The hypothesis of the… [END OF PREVIEW]

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