Reintegration After Prisonization Research Paper

Pages: 5 (1452 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 5  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Junior  ·  Topic: Criminal Justice

Reintegration After Prisonization

Reintegration after prison

What is reintegration

An event

A long-term process

Begins prior to release

Continues after release

Problems association with reintegration

Employment

Public health benefits

Custody of children

Repairing relationships

Prison ministries

Effectiveness

Helps prisoners survive incarceration

On the outside, prisoners face different existential challenges

Prisons are places where people are punished, not directed away from criminality

Ministries are natural candidates for helping prisoners reenter the community at large

Reintegration of prisoners into the community is both an event and a long-term process. Individuals have several challenges they must face upon reintegration. Employment is one of the most important elements of the reintegration process as there is a plethora of evidence that suggests that steady employment can reduce the incentives that lead to criminal behavior.

However, finding a steady job is just one of the challenges the individual will face. Studies have shown that prison ministries can help prisoners survive the hardships and the absurdities of incarceration, however, life on the outside can pose a very different existential challenge.Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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Research Paper on Reintegration After Prisonization Assignment

The reintegration of prisoners into society is considered both an event and a long-term process. There are many problems associated with prisoner reintegration and with over two million individuals incarcerated in the U.S. And over 12 million individuals with prior felony convictions (Pager 2006) the task of integrating this large ever-growing population is daunting as well as a major priority. It is an event in the sense that it is something the prisoners (and likely their friends and family) have been waiting for usually since incarceration. It is a long-term process in that reintegration into society after incarceration will not be easy. There are many aspects of life that ex-prisoners must face almost as if they are facing them for the first time, however, they now have the ex-prisoner mark upon them.

While reintegration is definitely an event in the life of a prisoner, it is also a long-term process in which prisoners will face many difficulties. The biggest challenge for the individual facing reintegration is, undoubtedly, finding steady employment with an income that they can live on. Employment is generally considered a "centerpiece of the reentry process, with evidence that steady work can reduce the incentives that lead to crime" (Pager 2006). Knowing this, however, does not change the fact that ex-prisoners face very grim prospects in the labor market with the stigma of "criminal" making it very hard for them to secure work (2006). More than 60% of employers state that they would not "knowingly hire an applicant with a criminal background" (2006). Of course this makes sense when considering that employers do have to think about their business first. Employers must endure the worry of employing an ex-criminal with worries of theft, violence and unreliable workers (2006). Pager (2006) states that "to the extent that the past is a strong predictor of the future, a conviction conveys some information about the likelihood of future illegal, dangerous, or debilitating forms of behavior."

Individuals reintegrating into society may also have difficult obtaining public benefits. Every single public housing, Section 8, and public assistance applicant will have to go through a mandatory criminal history screening (Smyth 2009). Even private landlords will most likely do the same. This background check not only works against ex-prisoners who are trying to secure employment, but it also can prevent them from finding stable housing and reuniting with their families (2009).

It is not just the criminal who is affected by their incarceration; family members of the incarcerated individual. There are many direct and indirect consequences and these are especially important when there are minor children in the picture. The New York State Bar Association (NYSBA) (2006) states that "pretrial detention alone can lead to the loss of housing, the removal of children from the home, and financial distress for the family unit." When parents are put in prison, their families must face a variety of challenges when it comes to keeping ties with the incarcerated family member, which could help to nurture an easier transition back into society after incarceration ends (2006). Incarceration increases the likelihood of parents losing custody of their children or complete termination of their parental rights (2006). Once the individual is released from prison, reuniting with children is often difficult because laws oftentimes impede this reunion. Laws limit the access to several different… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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Reintegration After Prisonization.  (2011, January 25).  Retrieved September 19, 2020, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/reintegration-prisonization/27185

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"Reintegration After Prisonization."  25 January 2011.  Web.  19 September 2020. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/reintegration-prisonization/27185>.

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"Reintegration After Prisonization."  Essaytown.com.  January 25, 2011.  Accessed September 19, 2020.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/reintegration-prisonization/27185.