Religion What Roles Do the Gods Essay

Pages: 5 (1633 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Mythology - Religion

Religion

What roles do the Gods and Goddesses play in Hinduism and what do they tell us about the Hindu concept of the Divine (Brahman)?

There are different roles played by the gods and goddesses in Hinduism. Each god or goddesses have a unique role. For instance, Kama is a god of Love. Though the gods and goddesses are many, there is a supreme god known as Brahman. In essence, the religion remains monotheistic. Brahman is a supreme reality that surpasses human knowledge and understanding.

Hinduism believes in the concept of "many paths under one truth." For instance, when a certain family worships several gods, another family may be worshiping a different god. Even though Buddhists may worship different gods, the central supreme reality is Brahman.

There are different elements that comprise Hindu religion. The major focus in Hindus spiritual life is adhering to the ultimate source of existence, which is Brahman. Brahman is the supreme reality capable of transforming itself and generating life and human beings. In essence, Indians spiritual life emanates from Brahman, which is in itself the sole reality of life. Hinduism religion also conceives Brahman as a high god with inspiring and adorable characters. The other element engendered from the concept of Brahman is the belief in eternal and infallible foundation, which establishes existence, and culture in the community (Queen, Charles and Damien, 2003, Pp. 231- 235).

The role of gods and goddesses explains the Hindu's concept of Brahman of building their lives on ideal foundations of spiritual ideologies. Hindus must recognize the presence of Brahman as an eternal and eternal being with spiritual supremacy. Brahman also symbolizes the value of ritual purity has the social prestige among all the gods and goddesses worshipped in Hindu religion.

The basis of Hinduism morals is in the ideology of enjoying unity and respect for life regardless of religious background. The different roles of the gods and the goddesses expound the concept of transmigration and spiritual nourishment of Hinduism. For instance, when the society encounters recurring problems, there is a belief that the Brahman is in anger. The religion must appease Brahman by invoking their respective gods and goddesses to aid in cooling down the wrath of God. Hinduism doctrines emphasize the Indian pessimism that ordinary existence is incomplete without the presence of supreme beings to control their existence. They support the fact that all human endeavors should aim at worshiping Brahman who surpasses all phenomenal existence.

Hinduism reveals a natural predisposition to assumptions hand in hand with religion. This is in addition to a monistic attitude, and mysticism that supports traditional myths and common beliefs. Finally, Hinduism entails a complex polytheism included in an elemental monotheism and through a tendency to credit the attributes of other gods to the divinity of Brahman (Queen, Charles and Damien, 2003, Pp. 231- 235).

In summary, there are more than thirty million gods and goddesses in Hinduism religion, and they play different roles in the welfare of the religion. Hinduism believes in numerous gods and goddesses who follow one a single path of Brahman. In other words, Hinduism observes and respects the divinity of Brahman as a supreme reality that goes beyond all exceptional existence.

2 Explore the ways in which meditation in Buddhism fits in with other Buddhist concepts?

Meditation in Buddhism fits well with other Buddhists concepts in several ways. The following details some ways through which Buddhism meditation links with other Buddhists concepts. They include; social actions, retreat and training, loyalty and community. Social action approaches promote optional, tentative education that deals with issues such as deep ecology, consumerism among others (Queen, Charles and Damien, 2003, Pp. 231- 235).

Buddhists communities have extensive programs that network with numerous scholar activists in generating models for efficient social action. The program integrates Buddhists ethical values with real global activities. Furthermore, in terms of the retreats and training, the press functions as a resource facility for information on retreats and issues concerning socially engaged Buddhism. There are various ways through which meditation in Buddhist link with other concepts of Buddhism (Queen, Charles and Damien, 2003, Pp. 231- 235).

One way is through the 'ethics of discipline. This focuses on individual Buddhist practitioner in which mental impurities cause the misconducts, but the five vows of laity combat the situation. The other way that links Buddhist meditation to other Buddhist concepts is the "Ethics of virtue." The individuals' relationship becomes clear by engaging certain practices such as loving benevolence, sympathy, joy, and self-control. This eliminates the aspect of adhering to strict rules for applying internally implemented moral framework. There are also the ethics of Altruism', in which service towards others surpasses everything else. Eventually, the 'Ethics of Engagement comprise the all the four ethics applicable to the general concern for an improved society. This means generating new social institutions and associations. As much as social engagement Buddhism is essential in solving spiritual crisis, meditation also involves ecological issues (Queen, Charles and Damien, 2003, Pp. 231- 235).

The new doctrine in Buddhism referred as socially engaged Buddhism helps in addressing the challenges affecting Buddhist religion. It is significant in the contemporary world that Buddhism is a leeway to engaging with other concepts of Buddhism, for example, Hinayana, Mahayana, and Vajrayana. Buddhist religion supports the concept of maintaining the natural balance. Meditation leads to getting deeper into thoughts as well as realizing the true self in the normal life. This helps in overcoming the dichotomy of mirroring ourselves as other people and engenders a true ecological mindset. Queen, Charles and Damien (2003, Pp.231- 235) emphasize that, meditation supports the aspect of ecological consciousness.

One must foster a positive relationship with the environment in order to experience and re-establish a healthy retreat in the wilderness. The central role is to reconnect with the ecology using various sorts of meditations such as, poetry, verses. This is a form of gratitude towards the ecology. There is much emphasis on observing such practices since Buddha does not use meditation in gaining ecological awareness. This is an approach used in consoling the mind in preparing for the final stage of self-examination. The ecological awareness engendered from meditation is a subsidiary outcome rather than a crucial one. In addition to meditation, practice and anxiety occupy a significant place in transforming meditations into actions (Queen, Charles and Damien, 2003, Pp. 231- 235).

3.0 What is the significance of the home in Judaism and why has this developed?

Home in Judaism plays a significant role in the life of Jews producing happy feelings among family members and friends. The Passover feast is perhaps the most celebrated by the Jews because it reminds them of the bitter past they encountered before their redemption. In addition, Exodus plays a significant role to the Jews. They recall the night they moved out from Egypt. Most people, especially children wonder why the exodus night is different from other nights. Home in Judaism strengthens the bonds of love in marriages (Heehs, 2002, Pp. 125- 140).

People can appreciate each other without any fear or worries because they possess the overwhelming love from their creator. Most Jews acknowledge the importance of home in Judaism because they grew in a society where Passover feast was a regular festival. Most families lived in harmony and mutual love because they observed the Shabbat day by worshiping God. Young children brought up in families that celebrate such festive days have these recollections. In celebrating the Passover feast, the Jews become part of the traditional family. They feel rejoined with their families that experienced the hardships and premature deaths during the captivity. They experience the presence of home as they sing the melodic songs and share the meals. They feel the atmosphere of mutual love and togetherness and a big family of God.

The unleavened… [END OF PREVIEW]

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