Remaking the World After the First World War Essay

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Remaking the World After the First World War

This study examines and considers two different views of the peacemakers at Versailles following the First World War. This work specifically will consider how these historians can have different views of the same historical event. The work of Margaret Macmillan entitled "Making War, Making Peace: Versailles, 1919" states that the observation of it being "harder to make peace than war was, as one might expect of someone so witty, that of Georges Clemenceau, prime minister of France at the end of the First World War and during the peace conference that followed." (2005, p.1)

Macmillan writes that the decisions concerning the peace settlements were made under a great deal of pressure since there was fear that unless the war was ended quickly and a framework laid for an international order that was better than before the war that Europe and possibly the entire globe might fall into "anarchy, revolution and misery." (2005, p.1) Questions that remained were such as the drawing of borders in the center of Europe and the Middle East and the nature of the treaties with Germany and Austria and Hungary its allies. The Paris Peace Conference of 1919 resulted in the turning upside down of society because the future was so unclear. Macmillan writes that the men who met in Paris for the peace conference in 1919, "were not, as polemicists…would have it, thoroughly vindictive, stupid and willfully short-sighted." (Macmillan, 2005, p.12)Download full Download Microsoft Word File
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TOPIC: Essay on Remaking the World After the First World War Assignment

Those men were however, according to MacMillan "among the best their nations could produce." (p.12) Macmillan reports that the 'Big Three' or the "leaders of Great Britain, France and the United States -- represented an extraordinary concentration of power." (2005, p.12) Britain was the "single greatest power…[having] the world's largest empire and its strongest navy." (2005, p.12) These three leaders faced several challenges. First, it is reported that they were up against "forces that were not easily managed." (Macmillan, 2005, p.12) Revolutionary governments are reported to have been brought to power throughout various locations in Germany. In addition, ethnic nationalism resulted from the Russian, Austro-Hungarian, German, and Ottoman empire collapsing. Macmillan asks the question of whether the leaders of the peace conference due to the limitation of options available actually made a difference and affirms that they did indeed make a difference. The leaders worked in cohesion to develop peace terms acceptable to Germany and its allies/

The general consensus of that time was that the war had been started by Germany and it was Germany who lost the war. The Treaty was not ratified since Wilson had insisted that Democrats vote against the treaty resulting in the U.S. failing to join the League of Nations. According to Sharp (2006) while the conference in Versailles made decisions they were not in possession of the means to enforce these decisions either due to lack of troops or lack of reliable agents in these areas. This resulted historically in blame being placed on these leaders for events that they had no control over. The results of the conference were negatively received by those who commented on it in the first half a decade after the conference. Woodrow Wilson is noted to have made the prediction that there were expectations of peace that were unrealistic. However, according to Sharp, more recently the situations have been viewed of the accomplishments in light of the challenges that were faced.

It is Sharp's opinion that the Peace Conference, which brought an end to the war, was more focused on meting out punishment than bringing about peace. It was the belief of the leaders of the great power that the international system existing would have to be completely dismantled and reformed. (2006, paraphrased) According to Sharp, the peace conference lacked in: (1) a shared set of priorities; and (2) a clear plan of action.… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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