Renaissance -- Baroque Music Term Paper

Pages: 3 (926 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 0  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Music

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In the age of the Baroque, the passion for drama even infiltrated the music of the church and made use of the new style of monody and recitative. Italian composers began to produce new a new type of vocal composition with instruments, based on either secular or sacred texts, known as the cantata. However, in Germany, religious music produced a major and truly spiritual form in the Passion. In addition, with instruments partnered with voices, fully independent forms of musical expression emerged.

Another important area of instrumental music was in the interludes and sinfonie of the operas and the sonatas for the instruments, and by the end of the 17th century, the trio sonata, for two melody instruments, a bass and a harmonic accompaniment, and the solo sonata, for one solo instrument, were well-established. By this time, composers had a number of instruments available to them as compared to the Renaissance Period, dominated by stringed instruments like the harpsichord, lute, mandolin and early forms of the guitar. By the end of the 18th century, three main forms of concerted music for instruments were beginning to dominate all music outside of the theatre, being the concerto, the symphony and the chamber music ensemble for strings.Download full Download Microsoft Word File
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TOPIC: Term Paper on Renaissance -- Baroque Music Renaissance Assignment

All of these forms expressed in different ways the capabilities of a combination of instruments unheard of at the beginning of the 17th century but commonplace by its end. The violin was quickly recognized for its power, brilliance and coloristic effects which made it gain an equality with the viol which was soon eclipsed by the violin. However, the Baroque desire for contrast continued to be perpetuated in the concerto grosso, mostly by Torelli and Corelli. These were extended works in three or four movements and were written for a string orchestra in which a group of solo instruments was contrasted with a full orchestra. The form reached its fullest expression in the concerti grossi of Vivaldi and Handel and the Brandenburg concertos of J.S. Bach who introduced other instruments besides strings. From the middle of the 18th century, the concerto grosso became unpopular to the three movement solo concerto in which a single instrument was set against the whole orchestra.

Thus, the music of the Renaissance Period was based almost solely on the use of the human voice and perhaps the accompaniment of one or two instruments, but by the Baroque Period, composer had greatly expanded through the use of counterpoint and the application of many instruments, either as solo or orchestral, to create truly magnificent… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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