Revolution of 1958 Inevitable? Cuba Term Paper

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They knew who their enemy was and were ready to fight against him and win. It didn't matter who they were: peasants, workers and businessmen were ready to fight together. So the main participants of the future Revolution were: proletarians, peasants, students and small businessmen.

The whole nation hated own government and, sure, some people united in different parties and organizations to fight for their rights. The most popular political movement was the Orthodoxies. Many young men considered this movement as the only chance to win and change something in their homeland. There was one great person among them -- lawyer Fidel Castro. Orthodoxies considered Communist their allies. For example when government was going to send Cuban troops to fight against Korea as United States wished, Orthodoxies and Communists went out to the streets and many people joined them. They protested against this action and government had to leave troop at home.

Inevitable future victory of Orthodoxies in future elections forced general Batista to takeover. E. Chibas, the leader of Orthodoxies movement, protested against this and shoot oneself during the TV translation of his pre-election speech, but Batistes people managed to stop the translation. His successors and followers refused leading young people who wished fighting. This can be explained by fact that Chibas accepted only legal ways of resistance. Their party disintegrated. Young people didn't have any legal ways, so they were forced to start armed rebellion.Get full Download Microsoft Word File access
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Term Paper on Revolution of 1958 Inevitable? Cuba. Assignment

Another and not less important reason of nation's anger was Batistes regime. As Alina Fernandez wrote in her book -- Fidel Castro -- My Father -- Batista was a usual sergeant in the army but he had great influence on those who he served with and very soon became very famous and was elected a president in 1950. His presidency lasted for 4 years. Being an army general he was an extremely cruel person who killed thousands of people if they didn't agree with his actions. Sure, this influenced future revolution a lot because Batista was and embodiment of monopolists wills their occupation. In 1952 he captured power and proclaimed himself Cuban President. But Cubans thought that cruelty in their country would come to an end. Batista didn't realize that. His absurd cruelty and criminal encirclement made Cubans sure that they could not live this way any longer. It was very important that every citizen realized he had to fight to survive.

Batista did nothing to improve the situation in Cuba. Poor people were still poor, government and other state structures were still extremely corrupted. Batista was not supported by people at all. But he did two serious mistakes. He didn't even try to win nations trust. But the main -- he didn't win respect and trust of rich land and industrial owners. Batistes illegitimate power was supported by terrible repressions. That's why small businessmen supported program of the main Batistes opponent -- Fidel Castro. Castro proposed self-sure nationalistic program and promised businessmen good conditions of their business. Castro published 25 exposures of that regime in the press. Another Batistes mistake was his self-confidence and he didn't consider F. Castro as serious opponent. Maybe that's why he let him come out of jail after 2 years of imprisonment instead of 15.

Another moment that has to be paid attention to is ideology of revolutionaries. Many people think that Castro and his followers were Communists. That is wrong. Fidel Castro, Raul Castro, Ernesto Che Guevara wanted their homeland to be free of American monopolies, free of local criminals and terrorist formations and the main -- free of corrupted officials. They didn't even think about Communist during the Revolution. They just leaded partisan (guerilla) formations to fight against the regime they hated. In summer 1959 Fidel Castro was taken an interview by one American journalist and said: -- I have never been a Communist -- . Fidel gained his authority being a member of Orthodox student's movement. Even radical Che Guevara didn't consider Cuba as a future Socialistic country. All these Revolutionaries wanted the victory of democracy, anti-imperialism as Soviet and Cuban historians say, and national independence. Only when several months passed after the Revolution Fidel found new ally -- Soviet Union. He knew that being independent he would never succeed. That's why, as historian Hugh Thomas announces, Castro decided to start constructing Communism in Cuba because in this case he would be protected by the strong country -- Union of Soviet Socialistic Republics. The reason of this was American hostility to new power. USA refused buying Cuban sugar and produce oil at Cuban oil plants. So, it didn't matter it was Communism or something else, because respectable and strong support and protection were necessary. And Castro received them. Soviet leader Nikita Khrushov helped Cuba a lot.

We all know that Cuban Revolution succeeded and Fidel Castro received power. Batista ran away, but his encirclement was executed for their bloody crimes. The majority of Cubans supported Fidel Castro and trusted him. They were ready to be leaded by this unordinary and talented man to build a new better life and be masters of own island. Some Cubans, especially very rich people who were connected with former regime, were afraid of nation's retaliation and left Cuba for Miami and some other regions.

So, Batistes regime was terminated but Cuba didn't solve all problems by this takeover. Firs of all Cubans had to develop their country to be able to earn money by not only selling sugar. They had to develop industry and high technologies and only under the condition of cooperation with Soviet Union Cuba had an opportunity to survive and provide necessary reforms. If not -- any attempt to improve the situation and reform any sphere of life would be considered by the U.S. As a threat to their interests in this country. Castro remembered that before Cuban politics absolutely depended on U.S. military or diplomatic interference. Fidel Castro filled vacuum of power, which was created by not only his participation. He used that rare historical chance. His success was a result of his both guerilla and information war. He used information as the most effective weapon. But as every great person Castro made many mistakes. Sometimes he was wrong in his politics as Thomas Patterson wrote and we know that mistakes of a small man are not serious, but mistakes of a political leader can be very tragic.

Cuban relations with the U.S. after the Revolution were very uneasy. According to important geographical position Cuba was considered by many American politicians as an important part of defense of the U.S. South. Cuban problem was an important factor of international politics, but the main -- big problem between the Soviet Union and the United States.

No doubt that Cuban revolution changed Latin America and the whole world. It was a great victory of the united nation over cruel regime, but unfortunately, new regime made many mistakes as well. After Soviet Union was destructed Cuba lost a very important resource supply as a result many Cubans now live in poverty again. Fidel Castro is still the leader. Every year more and more Cubans realize that changes are necessary but I don't think that Fidel or his brother Raul Castro can change something, they just don't want. But changes are necessary and they will take place in future for sure!

Literature:

1. Paterson, Thomas G. Contesting Castro: The United States and the Triumph of the Cuban Revolution Oxford University Press; Reprint edition (September 1, 1995)

2. Perez-Stable, Marifeli The Cuban Revolution: Origins, Course, and Legacy Oxford University Press; (January 1, 1994)

3. Thomas, Hugh, The Cuban Revolution Harpercollins College Div; (June 1, 1977)

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