Risk Assessment Safety and Health Term Paper

Pages: 8 (2237 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 14  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Careers

Irritants in secondhand smoke increased chest colds, eye irritation, and respiratory illnesses in nonsmokers."

In this situation, it is naturally the duty of the employer to ensure that workplace is safe for non-smoking employees, because any danger to health due to smoking in cramped workplace would be treated as violation of Health and Safety guidelines. This may not be a very serious issue in buildings with proper ventilation and air system and which are spacious enough to allow non-smokers not to stay in close proximity of smokers but can certainly become a huge health risk if workplace is found to be unsafe.

Consumer Reports found that secondhand smoking was one of the leading causes of health injuries, "Human studies show that the carbon monoxide in secondhand smoke decreases the supply of oxygen reaching the heart muscle, which could cause serious problems for someone with coronary heart disease."

The best thing that employers can do then is to either impose complete ban on smoking within office premises or they must install proper air system, which would at least reduce the risk of health injury related to secondhand smoking.


In the wake of rising number of injuries and fatalities at work in the UK, it is important for employers to adopt a system-based approach to tackle the situation and minimize the risks.

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A system approach refers to a collective review and control method that focuses more on inherent problems with the entire operational system than individual faults. In other words, this system takes into account the entire organizational pattern: the structure, the strategies, the practices and procedures, the operational tasks and responsibilities, the tools and equipment used etc. It has a built-in system that regularly and consistently reviews that entire organizational structure and practices to check for any loopholes or fault and then corrects or improves them. (Bottomley: p. 2)

Term Paper on Risk Assessment Safety and Health Assignment

This system therefore 'spans the entire organisation by relating the organisation to its environment, setting the goals, developing comprehensive, strategic, and operational plans, designing the structure, and establishing control processes'. (Kast et al. p. 113)

The system has an internal check and review programme that works with specific targets and goals. The firm designs the system according to its own certain identifiable needs and problems and then sets it to work with specific organizational objectives. Such an approach is grounded in Robens's philosophy that health and safety regulations must be:

predominantly concerned not with the detailed prescriptions for innumerable day-to-day circumstances but with influencing attitudes and with creating a framework for better safety and health organisation by industry itself. (Robens Committee: p. 7)


Safety and Health hazards at work are pervasive threats that can taint the reputation of any firm and therefore adoption of health and safety regulations has become crucial for survival of businesses. Risk assessment and control are the key characteristics of most health and safety Regulations currently being practiced in the UK. However the strategy or approach adopted for risk assessment and control varies from organization to organization thus making it difficult to correctly gauge the effectiveness of few selected procedures. System-based approach is fairly recent but its results are encouraging making it one of the most sought-after risk assessment and control methods in UK corporations.


Health & Safety Executive (UK), Review of Health and Safety Legislation (London, HMSO, 1994), p. 8;

Secretary of State for Employment (UK), Building Business... Not Barriers, a White Paper presented to Parliament (HMSO, London, 1986), p. 4

Department of Industrial Relations, Occupational Health & Safety (Portfolio Response) Submission Number DR338 to the Industry Commission, 31 May 1995 p. 4.

South Australian Government, Occupational Health and Safety, Submission Number DR275 to the Industry Commission.

B.A. Bottomley, 'Systems Approach to Prevention', Paper presented at Future Safe Conference, Sydney, May 1994, p. 2.

F.E. Kast & J.E. Rosenzweig, Organisation and Management: A systems approach, 2nd edn. (McGraw-Hill, Tokyo, 1974), p. 113.

Robens Committee (Committee on Safety and Health at Work), Report of the Committee on Health and Safety at Work 1970-1972 (HMSO, London, 1972), p.7.

C. Wells, Corporations and Criminal Responsibility (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1993), p. 5.

EEC Directive on the Introduction of Measures to Encourage Improvements in the Health and Safety of Workers at Work, Directive 89/391 / EEC.

Secondhand Smoke in the Workplace: University of California at San Diego, CHEST, July 1991

Workplace deaths on rise again. Evening News… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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