Term Paper: Role of Communications in Aircraft

Pages: 12 (3750 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Transportation  ·  Buy This Paper

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[. . .] (LaMaire; Krishna; Panian; Bhagwat, 1996)

Facilitating technologies that would sustain the growth of functional radio communication simulation, comprising of intelligent systems, and voice creation and voice detection know-how are useful. Greater extent of communication practicality is found in intelligent system without any human trainer interface, they employ models based on rules and attitude of the speaker. Based on assignment objective of the speaker, message generation takes place, thereby reducing the necessity for intricate algorithm generation or intricate scenario writing. To conclude, any efficient radio communication model will have to depend upon a system of voice production and its recognition. Remarkable development has been done in these two spheres. Artificial voice generation based on certain rules as well as digital normal joined speech have been attaining intelligibility rankings competing with human speech pattern, but the standard of voice has not been according to the expectation particularly in a heavy work environment. (AAR-100, 2002)

The primary problem for speech recognition system is still the inconsistency of the speaker, still with an extremely synchronized terminology which is being used in aviation, exhaustive training of the entire process is necessary for a dependable identification of the pronouncements of a given speaker. Providing a functional radio communication set up at the time of training and assessments of airline pilots will improve security and this has been established by now. The authorities managing the airlines, nevertheless, are doubtful to allocate any finances necessary for providing functional radio communication systems without evidencing a reported benefit in the security and a Federal Aviation Administration necessity. The growth of technology appears to be dictated according to the market forces, but will be advanced by a similar necessity. (AAR-100, 2002)

Hence a substantiation of the idea is necessary which will experimentally exhibit the want for a functional radio communication system. A preliminary endeavor might be to scientifically balance the volume of communication and its impact of pilot work pressure and attitude as a factor of radio communication while real time activities while in flight vis-a-vis simulator Line Oriented Flight Training. A different attempt might be evaluation of airline pilots who have finished their preliminary aptitude in their inaugural flight. The issue concerning attention would be the state of preparedness of these pilots and their ability to operate and corporate interactions necessities at the time of their foremost initial operation of flights. Subsequently, a conceived simulator study chosen with care can be undertaken to explore the advantages of various stages of radio communication practicality for diverse training and incident categories. Complete transfer of expertise into and from the aircraft is a vexed problem in the event of simulator requirement for taking up training and evaluation is made compulsory. (AAR-100, 2002) transformation from low narrow band spectrum to higher frequency broadband spectrum is being perceived in the aviation communication system. The spectrum is visualized as the critical means of accessing to the broadband that revolutionized the communication network in aviation industry by assisting in the flight operations, ensuring traveler benefits. The broadband technology is expected to increase its current speed of communication. The communication system in the sphere of aviation presently is set for a significant bound with the adoption of broadband technology. The satellite-based digital communications with the help of radio frequency spectrum made possible the availability of broadband to the planes through improved frequencies and larger bandwidths. The mobile terminals can better be connected through satellite links facilitating flying communication. The rate of data transfer for a given period is more in case of broadband technology. Transmission of audio and video communication between the planes in greater magnitude therefore, is possible through the system. It could facilitate improvement data on aircraft tools for maintenance purposes, Internet access by the staff and travelers and link to intranets of the firms etc. (LaMaire; Krishna; Panian; Bhagwat, 1996)

The flight schedule involves ensuring security, safety, effectiveness of flights, contentment of passengers as well as perpetual carrier system. The significance of the broadband is widely felt in ensuring the fight objectives and evolving the new spectrum of aviation communication. The broadband is considered as a single tool for providing many solutions catering to the needs of the staff and passengers as well as assisting in substantial simplifications of the complexities involved. This is also considered as a means for ensuring safety, security and efficiency of flight operations. The controller pilot data link communications is essential in for making ground engineers aware of the maintenance requirements of the flying plane. Enhancements in this sphere are visualized substantially in terms of the speed of delivery and better perception through digital relay of voice from flight deck with use of broadband. Awareness of the problems before landing of the plane in advance facilitates the maintenance personnel to be prepared with relevant equipments to attend to the problems instantaneously at the ground after landing.

The critical issues involved in the sphere of security like hijacking etc. are also being attempted to be solved through the relayed video surveillance data on-board with the use of broadband. The video surveillance data on the emergency medical situations enable the medical professionals to prepare favorable atmosphere for instant attendance to the patients on board. Technological evolutions have been taken place in order to cater to the basis. Aviations complexities are increasing day by day with additional communication needs of the crew on board as well as increasing needs of passengers to personal communication systems. The induction of new technology, however, necessitates compatibility to the prevailing systems in operations facilitating unhindered communication. Even though the broadband technology itself involves increasing complexities it is introduced with a view to simplify the complexities involved in the aviation communication. (LaMaire; Krishna; Panian; Bhagwat, 1996) radio frequency spectrum needs to be allocated for implementation of broadband technology for making available aeronautical mobile satellite service. The international collaboration is tried in order to ensure judicious utilization of the frequency spectrum resources. The resources of radio frequency spectrum and orbital slots are distributed among the member states worldwide. Risky interventions of the member states are avoided by ensuring productive collaboration of the states. Mostly, the Ku-band frequency spectrum is being used in the broadband communications systems in avionics. Acquisition of allocation of frequency spectrum needs fulfillment of many requirements. Such requirements include preconditions for avoidance of additional intervention by the new users. (LaMaire; Krishna; Panian; Bhagwat, 1996) fresh allocation of the band necessitates ongoing efforts for maintenance of the spectrum from enhanced use of the adjacent bands by the existing users as well as the additional use by the new users. The Broadband satellite-based communication system is being perceived as the next generation technology for in the sphere of communication system in avionics. The allocation of radio frequency spectrum with a view to providing aeronautical mobile satellite service is necessary for broadband communication systems in the aviations. However, this also involved simultaneous planning for maintenance of the spectrum allocation. The implementation of broadband technology in the sphere of aviation communications entails enhanced advantages in the sphere of safety, security, efficiency and prolonged flight carriers and increased passenger contentment. (Shepherd; Johnson; Drury; Berninger, 1991)

In versatile cooperative surroundings, computer applications perform more and more intricate tasks. With increased functions being gradually performed by mechanized devices, a necessity for more communication among the users and these gadgets are indispensable. While devising complicated mechanized systems, the trend is to consider persons and systems as separate performers. Communicating with this variety of computer system is not commonly regarded as mutual performance. Nevertheless a great deal are yet to be understood from the manner in which human beings team up amongst themselves, and the possible way in which they might cooperate efficiently with mechanical procedures. A group effort might exist between the pilots, among the pilot and flight control system, or between pilots and remote locations. Besides, interfaces and outside devices might aid in pilot interaction. Collaboration comprises common functions that needs contribution from every member of the team and involves to a certain extent of sharing of each other's objectives. (The Royal Aeronautical Society, 1991)

Collaboration could be able to, at the minimum in some measure be typified by way of the necessity to contribute to the assignment objectives. The distinctiveness of cooperative actions are affected by the extent of objective sharing by the associates, the categories of objectives shared and the manner in which these objectives correlate among themselves. Targets reveal assignment aims, impetus and reasons. Allocating intimately connected objectives might effect in regular cooperative functions, like interaction and knowledge of other people. Instead, associates might communicate with themselves very infrequently. Partnership might even necessitate the requirement to allocate resources, thereby involving synchronization. The requirement for distributing assignment and resources within several functionaries delineates the necessities for treading towards group activities like interaction, common responsiveness, and synchronization. Assignment objectives and restraint might affect the manner in which the activities are required to be disseminated within various functionaries. (Shepherd; Johnson;… [END OF PREVIEW]

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