Research Proposal: Role of Regional Planning in Disasters Management in Squatter Areas

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Role of Regional Planning in Disaster Management in Squatter Areas

The role of Regional planning in disasters management in squatter areas

Abridged Literature Review

The significance of Regional planning in disasters management in areas occupied by squatters

The research paper that will follow shall look at the contemporary concern of the role of regional planning in managing disasters in squatter areas. This study will seek to investigate how regional planning can be used effectively to provide disaster management support in areas where squatters reside.

Many researchers have conducted research in this subject area with an aim of finding out ways of managing both the natural and human disasters in informal settlements. This is because of the vulnerability of these areas to disasters as they are located in areas that are not appropriate for human habitat. Different approaches have been recommended for this purpose. People living in informal settlements play a vital role as their social, economic, political and environmental contributions cannot be ignored. Their well-being is important calling for action from stakeholders to safeguard their interests. The paper that follows will look at the role of regional planning in disaster management in settlements inhabited by squatters.

Abridged Literature review

In a bid to present insight into the role of regional planning in managing disasters in areas where squatters live, this literature review will look at a number of subject matters. These areas include: (1) Squatter settlements and their role in developing countries (2) Disasters in squatter areas (3) Principles of regional planning (4) Principles of regional planning (5) Re-planning squatter areas using remote sensing. These areas of discussion will form the basis on which the investigation will be carried out as they give an overview of what other authors have done before in relation to the topic of study.

Squatter settlements and their role in developing countries

Squatter settlements are common across the globe, and it is even more serious in developing countries. According to Neuwirth (2007), the world population residing in these regions is approximately one billion people who face numerous challenges. Squatter settlements in developing countries, according to Sengupta and Sharma (2006), are a direct result of rapid urbanization in the states, which instigate large-scale rural-to-urban migration. In most cases, squatters have been ignored, and most people view them as social misfits who are a nuisance to the society. However, as Neuwirth (2007) says, it is time the society at large shunned myths that squatter communities are emblems of human desolation and that they are the enemy of the general society. Instead, they should realize that they contribute to the achievements of any community and, therefore, they should be protected from disasters, which are likely to affect their lives negatively.

People residing in squatter areas play crucial roles in developing countries as they affect urbanization in these nations. These roles can be positive or negative, but it depends on their age and their location in relation to town jobs as well as services. Negative results include human disasters such as fires and environmental degradation, which can be harmful to the well being of the residents (Abubakar, 2012). On the other hand, people living in these areas can be productive and contribute positively to the dwellers of the affected cities and the countries at large. It is for this reason that stakeholders involved in regional planning should consider this before planning for any evictions or relocations if the benefits are greater than risks.

Disasters in squatter areas

Rapid urbanization in developing nations across the world has seen significant migration of people from rural areas to urban quarters. According to Sengupta and Sharma (2006), these migrants are forced to reside in crude, and temporary houses, which are put up in areas that are exceedingly risk-prone such as areas vulnerable to floods, places which are steeply, and areas close to dangerous or toxic industrialized and transport infrastructural locations. This is due to the shortage of urban land in most third world countries forcing immigrants to opt for the disaster-prone and ignored locations within, and without the urban areas in order for them to meet their housing needs.

Squatter regions are not designated for human habitat for the simple reason that these regions are prone to both natural and human hazards. The natural hazards that these areas face relate to areas that are not fit for human habitat, garbage damping areas, and floods. On the other hand, human disasters in the squatter areas are related to issues, which are interconnected with areas designated for transport infrastructure, industrial areas, and lack of fire fighting systems in the regions. These factors put the squatter areas at a greater risk of disasters than those areas designated for formal settlements. It is the responsibility of all the stakeholders to play their role in managing these disasters.

Principles of regional planning

Regional planning is a crucial aspect of any government and it is so more important in addressing issues that relate to urbanization. Regional planning involves the proper placement of an area into effective use to allow proper utilization of land for sustainable growth. Regional planning is charged with the responsibility of coming up with solutions for problems or challenges that come up because of settlement and development. The solutions that the regional planning process provides should be relevant and in accordance to the needs of the region in question. In addressing settlement issues, regional planning should take into the disasters that are likely to affect these areas. For instance, they should disallow settlement in areas that are prone to droughts, marking and protecting transportation hubs, and designating regions, which are not fit for human settlements as waste disposal areas. According to Novakowski and Seasons (2011), enhanced regional planning can be useful in helping communities that reside in squatter regions to address their issues relating to their capacity to manage disasters. The identified principles are imperative for proper planning in order to avert disasters in the disaster prone areas including squatter regions.

Re-planning squatter areas using remote sensing

Planning tools are crucial in determining proper allocation of land for sustainable growth and study has shown that communities that have more tools for planning perform better than those that do not have (Novakowski and Seasons, 2011). The tools to be used should address the unique issues that affect the area under evaluation in order to come up with suitable and practical solutions. The accuracy of these tools is vital to encourage informed decisions sustainable growth in urban areas to avoid hazards and environmental problems. Modern technology has provided such tools, which are more correct and quicker than the traditional tools.

Regional planning is an important aspect in dealing with disasters that are related with urbanization in general and squatter settlement, specifically. This process requires huge quantity of information regarding the area in question ranging from natural features to human activities of the area. Previously this information was gathered through a process of carrying out surveys, generation of maps and undertaking calculations, which was tedious and cumbersome as it was done manually taking a long time and numerous resources. However, with advancements in technology, this procedure has been simplified and it takes less time to carry out.

Remote sensing supplies vast temporal record concerning the features of an area and the Geographic Information System (GIS) functions as an effective tool for spatial and non-spatial scrutiny of remotely discerned data. For instance, remote sensing can be used to assess the flood disaster risk in an area under study by investigating factors such as water density, rainfall, population density, and topography (Guangyao et al., 2011). These factors can be used to develop the flood risk appraisal prototype based on GIS, by which the initial Flood Risk Index of the area under investigation can be calculated. In addition, the previous data, which indicate the distribution and the frequency of floods in the study area, can be applied to determine the level of hazard in the area (Guangyao et al., 2011). Further, synchronized remote sensing data can be used to extract the real-time flood coverage data to enhance ultimate hazard assessment, which indicates the regional flood risk advanced.

The accessibility of satellite remote sensing data has improved extensively in the recent past and these statistics make up a valuable data source for making out the structure of urban set ups and evaluating transformations over a given period (Patino, and Duque, 2012). Data extracted from remote sensing can be used through the application of Geographical Information System to determine the disaster index of the area of investigation for proper regional planning. As a result, the stakeholders can re-plan the squatter regions, which are at a greater risk of being affected by disasters. By doing this, the effects of the potential risks will not affect the residents as much as it could have without proper regional planning.

Problem Statement

Human settlement is a crucial aspect of any nation, and the well-being of a country's citizens is greatly determined, by the way, people reside and the… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Role of Regional Planning in Disasters Management in Squatter Areas.  (2013, January 25).  Retrieved June 17, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/role-regional-planning-disasters-management/6787140

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"Role of Regional Planning in Disasters Management in Squatter Areas."  Essaytown.com.  January 25, 2013.  Accessed June 17, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/role-regional-planning-disasters-management/6787140.