Roman Architecture. Ancient Romans Introduced Many Modern Term Paper

Pages: 3 (841 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Architecture

¶ … Roman architecture. Ancient Romans introduced many modern and sophisticated techniques in architectural design and were the first people to use concrete in their buildings. This is one reason why most of their buildings have managed to withstand the test of time.

ROMAN ARCHITECTURE

Roman architecture is considered one of the greatest accomplishments of the Roman Empire because of the lasting impact of its magnificent buildings and sheer grandeur of the architectural designs. Roman architecture finds its roots in the Etruscan architecture of 12 B.C. And was markedly influenced by Greek architectural designs too. But Roman architects brilliantly added and subtracted on the architecture of preceding eras to introduce new unique techniques and established their name firmly in this field. They left an indelible mark on the architectural world with the power of their grand designs and original style.

The most striking feature of Roman architecture is the use of arches and columns, which are found in most of the buildings of that era. Arches were first used to fill the spaces between columns but later became an important characteristic of Roman architectural designs because of their imposing presence. While the Greeks would normally employ stone for construction, Romans were the first people to make use of concrete in their buildings and this is one reason why many famous Roman buildings are still standing proudly with little wear and tear. Concrete also helped Romans in filling huge interior spaces with beautiful vaults.Download full Download Microsoft Word File
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The Columbia Encyclopedia, 5th Edition, (1993) explains the importance of vaults in Roman architecture, "The cut-stone construction of the Greeks was largely replaced after the invention of concrete in the 2d century B.C. This enabled architects to cover vast interior spaces with vaults of increasing complexity and without interior supports. These included the barrel vault, the cross or groined vault, and the dome and semi-dome. Vault buttresses, instead of forming exterior projections, became an integral part of the interior support system. Although unfired brick was employed in all periods, under the empire baked bricks became popular as a facing for concrete walls."

Apart from columns, arches and vaults, another interesting feature of Roman architecture is the extensive use of marble on the walls to give them a brilliant immaculate finish. These are some of the important characteristics of Roman architecture and they can be found in all the major buildings of Roman Empire including the Colosseum (a.D. 70-82), a huge amphitheatre present in Italy, which was originally designed to accommodate 50,000 spectators. This amphitheatre is one of… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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