Ropivacaine in Epidural Pregnancies Research Proposal

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[. . .] Recent studies in labor analgesia has been done more at sea level rather than at higher altitudes, and the neonatal results seemed to improve for patients in higher altitudes that used ropivacaine over bupivacaine because there are less cardio toxic concerns with this anesthetic compared to bupivacaine (Litwin 259-261).

In addition, ropivacaine has been proven to be safe for mothers and their newborns especially after mother and baby are sent home, and are very unlikely the anesthetic would be carried over to the baby. There are more concerns for newborn babies that could take in secretions of other anesthesia medicine in the breast milk rather than in ropivacaine. What small percentage that was found in breast milk was statistically found to be lower in ropivacaine than bupivacaine and lidocaine in concentrations of milk taken within a 24-hour period. Currently, one of the only questionable reactions to ropivacaine according to the professionals of The Annals of Pharmacotherapy is the connection between persistent hiccups in epidural ropivacaine in newborn babies (Bagdure).

Works Cited

American Pregnancy Association, "Epidural Anesthesia." American Pregnancy Association. N.p., Aug 2007. Web. 17 Jul 2011.>.

Bagdure, D. "Persistent Hiccups Associated with Epidural Ropivacaine in a Newborn" Annals 45.6 (2011): n.p. pag. Web. 17 Jul 2011.

Halpern, S.H., & Walsh, V. (2008, May). Epidural ropivacaine vs. bupivacaine for labor: a meta-analysis. Retrieved from

Litwin, A. "Mode of Delivery Following Labor Epidural Analgesia: Influence of Ropivacaine and Bupivacaine." AANA Journal 69.4 (2001): 259-261. Web. 17 Jul 2011.

McClellan, K. And D. Faulds. "Ropivacaine and update of its use in regional anesthesia." Adis drug evaluation (2000): 1065-1093. Web. 17 July 2011. .

Merson, N. "A Comparison of Motor Block Between Ropivacaine and Bupivacaine for Continuous Labor Epidural Analgesia.">. [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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Cite This Research Proposal:

APA Format

Ropivacaine in Epidural Pregnancies.  (2011, July 17).  Retrieved January 27, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Ropivacaine in Epidural Pregnancies."  17 July 2011.  Web.  27 January 2020. <>.

Chicago Format

"Ropivacaine in Epidural Pregnancies."  July 17, 2011.  Accessed January 27, 2020.