Essay: By Samuel Taylor Coleridge

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SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] Again, the poem is repeating the fact that the crewmembers are going through pain and loss only because of the sin that the mariner committed.

Part 3

In the third part of the poem, the author uses another simile for the Ghost Ship. As mentioned before, the mood of the poem changes into a very fearsome and fretful one. He talks about the ship making the sun look like a prisoner through bars of the dungeon. This can again be considered personification as well because a ship can't necessarily make someone or something appear like a prisoner.

Alas! (thought I, and my heart beat loud)

How fast she nears and nears!

Are those her sails that glance in the Sun,

Like restless gossameres?

In this lines, Coleridge is talking about how fasts the sails of the ghost ships are such that are compared to gossamers or cobwebs. Within the context of the ghost ship and the crew of the ghost ship, the author makes use of personification.

When talking about Life-in-death, the author states that her hair is like gold but her skin is diseased like a leper's. This again is personifying the crewmembers and adding on to the dark and gloomy imagery of the ghost ship.

Another instance of personification is visible in the third part where the author talks about the moon being horny.

Till clomb above the eastern bar

The horned Moon, with one bright star

Within the nether tip.

In this part, the author is again placing an emphasis that the moon is becoming evil. In other words, the author is insisting that the moon becomes a crescent shape such that it appears that it has two horns pointing up. This is mentioned because the moon starts to get very evil for the crew in the coming parts of the poem. One by one, the members of the crew start to die off.

. Many similes are used for the description of the dead man. For instance, the thin brown body of the mariner is compared to the" ribbed sea-sand" In other words, his body is so thin that his ribs are showing. In addition, his body is also brown and rough such that it appears like ride makers on the beach sand.

"My heart as dry as dust"

This line in the poem is not only a simile but alliteration is also prominent here. This alliteration therefore adds onto how horrible the feeling must have been. Furthermore, there is a part in the fourth part of the poem, the moon is portrayed as a mocking woman. "Her beam bemocked" This in turn means that the money shone such a white light that it made the sea appear white instead of the normal blue color.

All throughout the poem, we notice that Coleridge is very fond of similes. In part five of the poem, the author uses another simile in which he talks about the wind in the ship resembling that of a wind on a nice summer day.

It raised my hair, it fanned my cheek

Like a meadow-gale of spring

It mingled strangely with my fears,

Yet it felt like a welcoming.

As mentioned before, the albatross was something of great significance for not only the Mariner but other members of the crew as well. We see that the mariner is not able to pray or feel at peace because of the curse that was placed on him. This curse was something quite heavy and therefore as it broke, it fell "like lead" into the ocean.

In the fifth part of the poem, the mariner talks about himself being as light as ghost. In this context, sleep itself is referred to as a gift from the Virgin Mary. Surely, now that the curse has been broken off, the mariner can sleep easily now. In this part again, it is mentioned that the angels are basically controlling the bodies of the sailors. Coleridge mentions that the singing of the angels is associated with singing of birds and a symphony of instruments.

And now 'twas like all instruments,

Now like a lonely flute;

And now it is an angel's song,

That makes the heavens be mute.

The singing of the angels is therefore considered so pleasing to the mariner that he compares it to the songs sung in the heavens. He makes these songs and the tune so pleasurable that it makes the heavens go mute.

In the last part of the poem, the mariner wants to end his story with significance with his own life's story. He states to the wedding guest that this voyage is like a metaphor for his own lonely and isolated condition. In comparing his life to that of the voyage, the mariner is in turn providing advice to the wedding guest that "He prayeth well, who loveth well."

Setting

The setting of the poem in most places is that of a trapped ailing ship. Inside the setting, the idea of weather and its affect to the entire story is used as well. In Part 1, stanzas 11-12, the author talks about the storm that drove the ship towards the south. In this part, the setting is described in more detail metaphorically such that the storm is some sort of winged predator that is on the hunt. It is mentioned that the ship itself is as if an animal is trying to escape it.

Internal Rhyme

Coleridge makes use of internal rhyme to alter flossed over information into more attention grabbing details. In other words, this device is used to highlight some parts where the author feels that the reader would have been bored.

'The ship was cheered, the harbour cleared,

The fair breeze blew, the white foam flew,

The furrow followed free;

We were the first that ever burst

Into that silent sea.

Contrast and Paradox

In Part IV of the team, there are numerous instances of contrast and paradox seen.

The charmed water burnt alway

A still and awful red.

This shows both contrast and paradox at the same team. The sea burning red around the shop is contrasted with the surrounding sea that is shiny because of the moonshine on it. Furthermore, this part also mentions that the sea burns red. That is a paradox because the sea is water and it cannot really burn.

Lines 270 to Lines 276, there is a paradox seen in the tone that is being used by the mariner. He is talking about the immense body of water and how calm it can be. And then he goes on to feel happy about the beauty of the snakes. This shows a shift of tone and a contrasting viewpoint of seeing nature. It is mentioning that nature itself can be dangerous and beautiful at the same time.

Alliteration and Assonance

As we all know, alliteration is when words in succession begin with the same sound. The result is that there is repetition of the same sounds in the poem. Coleridge has made use of alliteration in various parts of the poem to add more emphasis, to intensify the mood and to improve the rhythm of the poem.

Day after day, day after day,

We stuck, nor breath nor motion;

This use of alliteration and repetition basically emphasis on how much the mariner and the crew of the ship had to wait. It helped bring out their mood and how truly fed up they were of their situation.

And soon I heard a roaring wind:

It did not come anear;

But with its sound it shook the sails,

That were so thin and sere.

Here alliteration is used by Coleridge to intensify the power of nature and shows how much influence it had on the voyage. Again, the repetition of the's and the 'Sh' sounds, the author basically shows how powerful the wind.

With sloping masts and dipping prow,

As who pursued with yell and blow

Still treads the shadow of his foe,

This stanza is indicative of the use of consonance. The Harsh p sound increases the drama of the storm that was occurring. Furthermore, it also goes to place more emphasis on the key words in the poem.

Like one, that on a lonesome road

Doth walk in fear and dread,

And having once turned round walks on,

And turns no more his head;

In this stanza, assonance is very prominent. The longer 'o' vowel sounds basically emphasis on the idea of how long and slowly the ship has been moving. This slow journey therefore adds on the loneliness of the mariner and further contributes to the lonely tone of the poem. This slowness of the wind is ultimately contrasted with the swift winds that came afterwards.

Swiftly, swiftly flew the ship,

Yet she sailed softly too:

Sweetly, sweetly blew… [END OF PREVIEW]

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