Sandia Mountains Environmental History Essay

Pages: 6 (1936 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 7  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Junior  ·  Topic: Native Americans


Railroads put an end to the traditional geographical isolation of the Pueblos by the 1880s. Electricity came to Sandia Pueblo in 1952, followed shortly by natural gas, indoor plumbing, and automobiles (New Mexico State Record Center and Archives 2012). Technology influenced the lives of the Pueblo people but did not weaken their bond to the region.

The Sandia people are intensely religious, holding a deep connection to the Sandia Mountains. Religion and life are inseparable in traditional Pueblo culture. The Pueblo ideal embraces a way of life that is in harmony with all of nature. Pueblo beliefs hold that there are sacred mountains in each direction, plus the sun above and earth below, and that these define and balance the Pueblo world. Many Pueblo religious ceremonies revolve around the weather and are devoted to ensuring adequate rainfall. To this end, Pueblo Indians evoke the power of katsinas, sacred beings who live in mountains and other holy places, in ritual and masked dance (What-When-How 2012). These practices reflect the Pueblo relationship with the world around them.

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Sandia Mountains tribes have identified specific sites of traditional cultural and religious significance in the mountains. The Sandia Mountains are a place where tribes perform ceremonial activities in keeping with traditional cultural practices that maintain their cultural identity and the continuity of their culture. Area tribes use the mountains for such traditional cultural and religious activities as hunting, traditional plant and mineral gathering, religious pilgrimages, accessing springs, and as a place for special offerings (Benedict 2009, 1).

Today the Sandia Pueblo people continue to share the region with others who also fell under the spell of the Sandia Mountains. For all the challenges, they seem to find answers. Living in this area has shaped their existence in ways both subtle and obvious. It seems that, for many, their bond to the region is never to be broken.

Reference List

TOPIC: Essay on Sandia Mountains Environmental History of Assignment

Benedict, Cynthia. 2009. Contemporary American Indian uses and tribal consultation, U.S. Forest Service, (accessed March 22, 2012).

Hawkinson, Bruce. 2011. History A brief, unresearched history of the Sandia Park Scenic Byway neighborhood. Sandia Park Scenic Byway Neighborhood Association, (accessed March 22, 2012).

Indian Pueblo Cultural Center. 2007. Sandia Pueblo, (accessed March 22, 2012).

New Mexico State Record Center and Archives. 2012. Sandia Pueblo, (accessed March 22, 2012).

Sandia Pueblo. 2009. The Pueblo of Sandia, (accessed March 22, 2012).

Smith, Mike. 2006. Towns of the Sandia Mountains. Chicago: Arcadia Publishing.

Stubbe, Paul E. 2005. "Weather in the Sandia Mountains" in Field Guide to the Sandia Mountains, edited by Robert Julyan… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Sandia Mountains Environmental History" Essay in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Sandia Mountains Environmental History.  (2012, March 23).  Retrieved September 18, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Sandia Mountains Environmental History."  23 March 2012.  Web.  18 September 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Sandia Mountains Environmental History."  March 23, 2012.  Accessed September 18, 2021.