Sane in a Insane Place Being Essay

Pages: 4 (1243 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Psychology

¶ … Sane in a Insane Place

Being Sane in an Insane Place

This paper reflects the article, "On Being Sane in Insane Places" by David.L. Roshenhan. As the name suggests, it describes an experiment and research done in an insane place by a group of sane people. Beside this, it is based on two important theories of sociology, which are medicalization theory and the labeling theory. Both of the theories are based on the view of deviance. The labeling theory suggests the reason of a deviant behavior of a person, which is caused by certain labels imposed by the society in which he lives. On the other hand, the medicalization theory suggests that rather than being evil, people are sick and the label "sick," sticks with the person and results in a deviant behavior.

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This article lays emphasis on a number of terms like mental illness, sanity, schizophrenia, insanity etc. It is based on a question that people easily distinguishes an abnormal from a normal and an insane from a sane, but are the results always reliable or no? Though some researchers say that there are some symptoms based on which they distinguish an insane from a sane, but this view of the psychologists has been greatly criticized.Download full Download Microsoft Word File
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TOPIC: Essay on Sane in a Insane Place Being Sane Assignment

In addition to this, the article provides an experiment which proves that psychological diagnosis can be misleading and can be very harmful for the patients because they are not accurate every time. The results and interpretation of the experiment is made on the labeling theory and medicalization theory. Eight people who were sane and got admitted in a variety of hospitals did the experiment. Their sanity was a secret and they reacted as pseudo patients in their respective hospitals. They kept themselves admitted in the hospital for several days, observed every single moment of the hospital, wrote about the behavior of doctors and nurses, and mingled with the other patients. The alarming thing is that in every hospital, these pseudo patients were diagnosed as the patients of schizophrenia but in actual they were sane people. They just willingly changed their behavior sometimes in front of the staff in order to see their reaction as well as interpretation. However, the duration of this change in behavior was negligible. Most of the time they reacted as normal and talked normally with the other patients in their wards. However, the main thing to be noted is that they were diagnosed as schizophrenic patients instead of being sane. The reason behind it is the labeling theory of sociology (Rosenhan, 1973).

The doctors in all almost all the psychiatric hospitals imposed labels on those eight pseudo patients rather than doing a detailed analysis and diagnosis of them. They just asked some routine questions and some questions related to their history and easily made interpretation that they were schizophrenic patients. This is the condition of each psychiatric hospital that doctors, which are though educated, impose labels on the patients through their quick judgments and interpretations.

This experiment is purely based on the labeling theory as the doctors who were working in the psychiatric hospitals and dealing with the psychiatric patients for years, get used to of it and thus considers every patient (though pseudo patient) as a psychiatric patient.

On the other hand, another reason for the wrong interpretation of the pseudo patients was the behavior and relationship between the psychiatrist, nurses and the patient. As it is mentioned in the article that the psychiatrist who is supposed to make a final interpretation regarding the patient, spends only some moments with the patients. During the experiment, it also happened that some days the pseudo patients were not even able to see the psychiatrist in their ward. Mostly,… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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Sane in a Insane Place Being.  (2012, July 14).  Retrieved November 28, 2021, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/sane-insane-place-being/56541

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"Sane in a Insane Place Being."  14 July 2012.  Web.  28 November 2021. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/sane-insane-place-being/56541>.

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"Sane in a Insane Place Being."  Essaytown.com.  July 14, 2012.  Accessed November 28, 2021.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/sane-insane-place-being/56541.