Term Paper: School to Work Transition of Disabled Students or to Post Secondary

Pages: 5 (1594 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 5  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Psychology  ·  Buy This Paper

School to Work Transition of Disabled Students

The study conducted by Lu, Daleiden, & Lu; "threat perception bias and anxiety among Chinese school children and adolescents," considered the relationship between threat perception bias and anxiety among children and adolescents in China. The purpose of the study was to examine the "content specificity of threat perception bias in relation to a hierarchical model of anxiety." In doing so the authors also expanded the knowledge on the link between various types of anxiety disorders and the children who suffer from the disorders.

To accomplish this purpose the study engaged 1004 students between grades 4 to 11 from the province of Fu-jian. The authors noted that ninth grades were omitted from the study as they were preparing for examinations. The authors used multiple scales to measure the variables of interest. Some examples are the child behaviour checklist (CBCL) was used to assess the children's internalizing and externalizing symptoms. This was coupled with the affect and arousal scale (AFARS), which was used to measure positive affect (PA) negative affect (NA) and hyperarousal in children and adolescents.

The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and mixed model analysis for repeated measures. There was also the use of correlation and regression analysis where it was applicable. The authors determined that greater anxiety was related to the earlier detection of threat and a greater sense of anxiety. This finding suggests that the Western concepts can be applied successfully to the Chinese society. Secondly, it was determined that children who possessed greater social threat perception bias were more likely to have elements of social anxiety displayed in their behavior. The study was able to replicate the findings of similar studies conducted in Western countries this suggests that the mechanism underlying the phenomenon is very similar across cultures.

Mueser et al. (2007) used a randomized controlled trial considered the effect of cognitive behavior therapy on persons experiencing post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The purpose of the research was to explore this relationship within a new population. The author noted that while the benefit for CBT has been established for persons with PTSD the main populations that have been studied are general or veteran populations. There is limited work on populations with mental disorders.

The study used 108 persons who successfully passed the screening criteria for participation in the study. The researcher employed a randomized controlled trial that compared two groups those who received CBT and those who did not and hence received treatment as usual (TAU). The clients all had severe mental illnesses and were at the time receiving treatment from four publically funded community mental health centers. The client assessment was done by blinded interviewers after a period of 4 to 6 months of treatment with CBT. Two tailed X2 and t test were used to analyze the data. The groups were compared on demographic characteristics, psychiatric history and baseline outcomes.

The results from the research showed that the most common PTSD was childhood sexual abuse. The effect of CBT on persons suffering with PTSD was most evident in patients whose case of PTSD was severe. The researchers were also able to show that homework completion was a significant predictor of symptom reduction in clients. The findings from the research are useful as they point to the possibility of CBT being a useful intervention strategy that can assist persons who have severe mental illness and PTSD.

These articles are very useful, they suggest that elements of any project can be researched and based on the findings adjustments made to the overall project. A challenge with many projects is that they are not flexible enough to respond to changes in the environment which may demand that the approaches used be scrutinized. These articles point to the possibility of research driven decision making. In that the clinician must be close to the researcher who provides an adequate assessment of what works and what does not. Thus the testing of any theoretical position is a critical component of the required progress in any discipline. Research is then able to inform practice which itself opens new avenues to research as new phenomena are uncovered and require explication.

The articles that were provided for consideration have all contributed by identifying areas of concern that should be addressed before the project begins. "The Work and Recovery Project: Changing Organizational Culture and Practice in New York City Outpatient Services" clearly identified the need to address entrenched cultural understandings as a precursor to creating change in the organization. The authors noted that there are multiple impediments to the successful implementation of any recovery program. They articulated many of these impediments but generally noted that they are essentially tied to the culture of the organization. Changing the culture of the organization will be highly beneficial to both the clients and the workers within the organization.

One of the ways that can be utilized to change the culture is through the exposure to specific kinds of knowledge designed to create the change in the short- and long-term. It is therefore important that when considering change and opportunity for persons with disabilities that there is thought to how change will be facilitated. It is noted that the successful implementation of any project will require some corresponding changes within the persons participating and supporting the project.

Oken et al. (2007) identified the need to provide adequate definitions of key concepts. In this case it was the concept of recovery. The failure to have sufficiently elaborated concepts limits the ability of the researcher. It is an imperative that concepts have limited diffusion and be very precise. This piece also noted that there are two levels of change first order change and second order change (p.10). The assessment of the various levels of change is linked to the successful conceptual articulation of the major ideas in the work. Since change is an essential feature of recovery itself, discussions on recovery are also discussions on how to create and maintain change.

When change is considered it is useful to have some framework to explore that change within an interesting framework was presented by Rogers, Anthony & Farkas (2006); the authors advanced a choose- get- keep model of rehabilitation. This model is useful because of the deliberate focus on the activities of the client and the practitioner. This particular piece ties all the elements together by suggesting that practice should be evidence based. So that research is a critical component of the practice dynamic.

The project will present clients with an opportunity to participate in a process that has the potential to change the way transitioning is accomplished. The outcomes of this project may be used for the development of adequate policy prescriptions that can assist in improving the experiences of other persons in transition. The clients who participate in the project will also benefits by gaining a greater understanding of the challenges they face personally and of the transition process in general.

Plan for the project


The population of interest for this project will be drawn from disabled persons between the ages of 18 to 20. These individuals are considered to be the ones who will be at the stage of leaving the school environment and seeking employment in the world of work. The participants would not have secured any employment at the time of the project and the preferred candidates may also not have had made any attempts to actively secure employment. The persons should be recently out of school and should not have actively sought employment as yet. They would however have the basic educational and other criteria for employment.

Recruitment and selection of participants

The participants would be selected using a cluster sampling design from the high schools in the vicinity. The researcher will secure from the schools the… [END OF PREVIEW]

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"School to Work Transition of Disabled Students or to Post Secondary."  Essaytown.com.  December 14, 2010.  Accessed October 16, 2019.