Science and Culture Essay

Pages: 2 (921 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 2  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Anthropology

Science and Culture

According to author Mark Erickson, science is a "multi-faceted object that we can pick up, turn this way and that, peer inside and scrutinize; but science also has its own agency" (Erickson, 2005, 15). His meaning is clear -- science is not one thing all the time. It can take on different aspects, different things for different people. Most of all, it is a fluid process -- one that is a method of inquiry more than simply a discipline. For example, if we take almost any field, the fundamental base is knowledge -- or inquiry; how do we find out things we do not know and what do we do with that information? Without a formal method of inquiry, we are left with less of a process and more of a random search for knowledge. Benjamin Bloom, for one, established as early as the 1950s that the challenge in education was moving beyond mere knowledge, though, and taking that knowledge through a series of tiers: comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. Thus, science is that process of moving from rote knowledge -- a one sided, one colored, solid structure -- to synthesis and evaluation -- a multi-sided, transparent, and ever changing object (Bloom, 2006).

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Traditionally, of course, science has been more closely defined as a methodology that is quantitative in nature. How many times were we told from elementary school onward that science was a sysematic way of predicting an outcome; and the scientific method a way to use observation and hypothesis to find an empirical way to prove facts? This idea of empiricism, or basing our views on what we can observe, experience, or experiement certainly has validity -- but is that science, or is that simply one additional part of the scientific mode of inquiry? Humans, it seems, have a very unique gift of being able to think about things without actually observing them, or even proving they exist in anything but an idea. So science must be far grander than simply what is observable and testable (Kuhn, 1996, 43-7).

Essay on Science and Culture Assignment

Science, then, is far more than empiricism, far more than testing, far more than hypothesizing. Science is a mode of being, a way of examining both the possible and impossible. Science is not just a discipline ("I do science," or "I am a scientist"). Science, instead, to borrow a famous phrase, a process that allows us to "go where no man has gone before."

Society and Culture

Culture is defined as; a way of life developed and shared by a group of people and passed down from generation to generation. Culture provides us a framework to organize our activity. Thus also allows us to predict the behavior of others. There are different cultural formations; these… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Science and Culture" Essay in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Science and Culture.  (2010, September 8).  Retrieved March 7, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Science and Culture."  8 September 2010.  Web.  7 March 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Science and Culture."  September 8, 2010.  Accessed March 7, 2021.