Term Paper: Self-Esteem Exercise Promotes Higher

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[. . .] "The future is coming -- and it is fat! The rising rate of obesity among children and adolescents bodes poorly for the health and wellness of the coming generation. Close to 10% of exercise psychology research in the past few years addressed questions of youth participation in physical activity. A number of studies focused on age-appropriate appeals to youth through innovative programming, including classes with names like Hip Hop to Health Jr. And Move It, Groove It." (Gavin and Spitzer)

We must get our children to physically play again. "For instance, when researchers compared 15 minutes of video watching with 15 minutes of aerobic exercise for 10-year-olds, the results were telling: increases in positive moods and decreases in negative moods for those who exercised and exactly the reverse for those who watched videos." (Gavin and Spitzer) As Gavin and Spitzer pointed out, parents think that watching TV or playing video games only has minor impact on the children. "But the evidence indicates not only that the impact of these sedentary pastimes is negative, but also that the same amount of time spent in physical activity boosts children's moods and decreases their negative feelings." (Gavin and Spitzer)

Our children's self-esteem is a critical part of the maturation process. It is important to catch it early so no irreparable damage can be done. "Some variables are beyond the control of researchers working in different settings. For example, although participation in organized sports as a child has been shown to have a positive relationship to adult participation in similar activities, there is little that a trainer in a corporate fitness facility can do to change those previously established patterns. Likewise, although parental activity level has been shown to have a significant impact on a child's behavior, there is little a practitioner or researcher in a physical education classroom can do about parental activity level." (Douthitt)

Just like our children, seniors that participate in an exercise or sport program were healthier than their counter parts. "Results showed that, for seniors, being physically active and involved in sports and fitness improved neurocognitive functions resulted in higher self-esteem lessened depression improved mental health deepened the meaning of life

In addition, not only was exercise-related self-efficacy associated with fitness participation, but increasing exercise self-efficacy translated into greater feelings of overall physical self-worth and global self-esteem." (Gavin and Spitzer)

Conclusion

Exercise promotes higher self-esteem in individuals of all ages and/or physical capabilities as long as the individual enjoys the particular exercise or feels there are definite benefit to participation. Like professional athletes, we can all gain the benefits of a regular exercise program no matter our age or physical limitations. Exercise promotes good health and advanced level of self-esteem. Having a strong self-esteem allows one to face his fears, forget failures and more important, learning from those failures, knowing what one needs and wants true. It is important that each of us participates in a program that we feel will provide us with some benefit and that we enjoy the process. Our programs should, in other words, be fun so that the self-esteem meter goes up. "For some individuals, regular training becomes a form of emotional self-management. When deprived of their regular exercise dose, these individuals may show dramatic spikes in emotionality. Although advanced martial artists may differ from recreational exercisers, many individuals in fitness centers pursue their sports and activities with deep passion. Ensuring lifelong fitness capabilities implies the need for balance and cross training. (Gavin and Spitzer)

Article Summary Page

Article

Description of subjects

Description of Independent Variables

Description of Dependent Variables

Description of Main Findings

Guthrie

30 women aged 26-62

Time studying karate: at least six months.

Women in study acquired the perceived ability to physically self-defend themselves.

Exercise does promote increased or improved self-esteem

Boyd

165 undergrad students -78 females and 87 males, enrolled in first aid & safety at a S. Texas university subjects were also requested to indicate the importance of each descriptor phrase "to the image you have of yourself, regardless of whether or not the trait describes you

Schema theory is an information processing approach that assumes people are active agents in constructing reality.

Exercise does promote increased or improved self-esteem

Douthitt typical American school-age child wide array of factors can affect behavior; intrapersonal and environmental factors can combine in myriad ways to produce a given behavior.

Decision of whether or not to exercise has best been explained by inter-actional models where influences from several areas are considered.

Exercise does promote increased or improved self-esteem

Gavin and Spitzer

Individuals of all ages and cultural groups participation or adherence issues the psychological benefits of exercise

Exercise does promote increased or improved self-esteem

Russell

557 males Caucasian (n=407), African-American, (n=150) w / 3 weight training freq. categories non-weight training, 1-3 days/week, 4+ days/week), and 3 aerobic exercise freq. categories (no aerobic exercise, 1-3 days/week, 4+ days/week)

Specifically, high body dissatisfaction and low self-esteem have been related to SPA with self-esteem being especially predictive in females

Extend SPA research to the population of males of various race / ethnic backgrounds and to an exercise domain (weight training) that has been less frequently studied.

Exercise does promote increased or improved self-esteem

Works Cited

Boyd, Michael and Yin, Zenong. "Cognitive-Affective And Behavioral Correlates Of Self-Schemata In Sport" Journal of Sport Behavior (1999).

Douthitt, Vicki L. "Psychological Determinants Of Adolescent Exercise Adherence" Adolescence 22 Sept. 1994.

Gavin, Jim, and Avi Mark Spitzer. "The psychology of exercise: studying recent trends in exercise psychology research gives clues on how to promote participation." IDEA Health & Fitness Source 01 Nov. 2002.

Guthrie, Sharon R. "Defending the Self-Martial Arts and Women's Self-Esteem [Part 1 of 3]" Women in Sport & Physical Activity Journal (1997).

Russell, William D. "Comparison of Self-Esteem, Body Satisfaction, And Social Physique… [END OF PREVIEW]

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