Term Paper: Self-Esteem and Stress Life

Pages: 8 (2235 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Psychology  ·  Buy This Paper

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] It has also been proposed by the above authors that the effective use of humor ultimately enhances one's view of self, leasing to a more positive and healthier self-concept. Siporin (1986) contends that humor is an instrument in therapy for cognitive, emotional, and behavioral change. In such fields as social work, humor is a creative act helpful in surviving the stress and attacks inherent in the field. Humor can also be used as a coping skill used in ways that are non-hostile and self-accepting. Laughter represents a healthy, broad-spectrum coping strategy.

Aromatherapy, massage therapy, relaxation techniques, and yoga are other possible solutions or stress busters that may be used in order to have a higher self-esteem and therefore less stress. When an individual is feeling stressed out and overwhelmed, he/she utilizes such techniques in order to restore balance and gain coping mechanisms to deal with the stress and realize that likely the stressful situation will quickly pass. Also, such techniques help individuals realize that stress is inevitable and it is better to confront it head on rather than have it consume them. One other possible solution or stress buster that may be used in order to have a higher self-esteem and therefore less stress is transference. Under this theory, the energy ordinarily devoted to stress is transferred and utilized as a motivator, a call to action.

IV. CONCLUSION

Life is a continuous journey, one that is filled with a rollercoaster of emotions and learning experiences. Throughout the journey of life, all individuals inevitably encounter potentially stressful situations, i.e., death of a parent, friend, or lover; divorce; drug and/or alcohol abuse; financial difficulties; traumatic breakup; unemployment; etc. Individuals generally react to stressful situations in one of two ways. First, some individuals use stressful situations as a motivator, a catalyst to accomplish their objectives and improve their situation. Next, other individuals use stressful situations as a depressant, a reason (consciously or unconsciously) to become "stuck in the mud" because of their inability to cope.

Works Cited

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Caruthers, Nyree D. "Stress and Self-Esteem." Available at http://clearinghouse.mwsc.edu/manuscripts/25.asp.

Chapman, A.J. (1996). Humor and Laughter: Theory, Research, and Applications. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers.

Chubb, R. (1995). Humor: A Valuable Laugh Skill. Journal of Child and Youth Care, 10, 61-66.

Cousins, N. (1979). Anatomy of an Illness. New York: Norton.

Ford, Delia R. "Using Humor to Create a Better Self-Esteem." Available at http://clearinghouse.mwsc.edu/manuscripts/88.asp.

Kreger, D.W. (1995). Self-Esteem, Stress, and Depression Among Graduate Students. Psychological Reports, 76, 345-346.

Kuiper, N.A. & Martin, R.A. (1993). Humor and Self-Concept. International Journal of Humor Research, 6, 251-270.

Kuiper, N.A. & Olinger, J.L. (1989). Stress and Cognitive Vulnerability to Depression: A Social Cognition Perspective. NewYork: Oxford University Press.

Lefcourt, H.M. & Martin, R.A. (1986). The Dynamic Self-Concept: A Social Psychological Perspective. Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews, Inc.

Martin, R.A. (1989). Humor and the Mastery of Living: Using Humor to Cope with the Daily Stresses of Growing. New York: Haworth Press.

Martin, R.A. & Dobbin, J.P. (1988). Sense of Humor, Hassles, and Immunoglobulin A: Evidence for a Stress Moderating Effect of Humor. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 18, 93-105.

Martin, R.A., Kuiper, N.A., Olinger, J.L. & Dance, K.A. (1993). Humor, Coping With Stress, Self-Concept and Psychological Well-Being. International Journal of Humor Research, 6, 89-104.

Morrison, C.R. (1991). Academic Coping Styles, Self-Concept, and Stress. 1-24.

Norris, R.M. & Weinman, J.A. (1996). Psychological Change Following a Long Sail Training Voyage. Personality and Individual Differences, 21, 189-194.

Sanna, L.J., Meier, S., Turley, A. & Kandi, J. (1997). Counterfactual Direction of Mood Influence. Social Cognition, 3, 26-31.

Short, J.L. & Sandler, I.N. & Roosa, M.W. (1996). Adolescents' Perceptions of Social Support: The Role of Esteem Enhancing and Esteem Threatening Relationships. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 15, 397-416.

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Mindtech Associates: Stress and Its Effects." Available at http://www.mindtec.co.uk/stress-art/effects.html.

Stress and Self-Esteem." Available at http://www.shefc.ac.uk/content/library/dyslexia/content/stress.html. [END OF PREVIEW]

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