Several of Plato's Works Explicate Term Paper

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[. . .] To this Socrates replies, "But why, my dear Crito, should we care about the opinion of the many? Good men, and they are the only persons who are worth considering, will think of these things truly as they happened" (Benjamin Jowett, The Trial And Death Of Socrates).

Socrates felt that by doing what Crito wanted him to do, he would be betraying the state. He says,

For I am and always have been one of those natures who must be guided by reason, whatever the reason may be which upon reflection appears to me to be the best; and now that this fortune has come upon me, I cannot put away the reasons which I have before given: the principles which I have hitherto honored and revered I still honor, and unless we can find other and better principles on the instant, I am certain not to agree with you; no, not even if the power of the multitude could inflict many more imprisonments, confiscations, deaths, frightening us like children with hobgoblin terrors (Benjamin Jowett, The Trial And Death Of Socrates).

Hence, the evidence of Socrates claim is seen when, in spite of being sentenced to death, he prefers to uphold his honor and die with integrity rather than going against his teachings. This is clearly seen when Socrates questions Crito and tries to explain him his point-of-view. He says,

In the matter of just and unjust, fair and foul, good and evil, which are the subjects of our present consultation, ought we to follow the opinion of the many and to fear them;

or the opinion of the one man who has understanding, and whom we ought to fear and reverence more than all the rest of the world: and whom deserting we shall destroy and injure that principle in us which may be assumed to be improved by justice and deteriorated by injustice; is there not such a principle? (Benjamin Jowett, The Trial

And Death Of Socrates).

Socrates proclaims that there is no use of living a degraded life in which there lies no understanding of justice and injustice. He also tells Crito, that when the interest of a man conflicts with that of the state than he should not raise objections against the state's imposition of authority upon him. Hence, it is clearly seen that during the time of his death, Socrates was adamant in holding his virtue, nobility and honor intact. He surely was a man who encouraged others to discuss virtue everyday so that they could benefit from it each day.

Socrates while trying to dissuade Crito's request explained to him that a state nourishes, shelters and educates its citizen and as a result that citizen has obligations towards the state. Socrates says,

Well, then, since you were brought into the world and nurtured and educated by us, can you deny in the first place that you are our child and slave, as your fathers were before you? And if this is true you are not on equal terms with us; nor can you think that you have a right to do to us what we are doing to you. Would you have any right to strike or revile or do any other evil to a father or to your master, if you had one, when you have been struck or reviled by him, or received some other evil at his hands? you would not say this? And because we think right to destroy you, do you think that you have any right to destroy us in return, and your country as far as in you lies? And will you, O professor of true virtue, say that you are justified in this? Has a philosopher like you failed to discover that our country is more to be valued and higher and holier far than mother or father or any ancestor, and more to be regarded in the eyes of the gods and of men of understanding? (Benjamin Jowett, The Trial

And Death Of Socrates).

Socrates persuaded Crito that he could not escape from prison, as it would characterize his image as a trader, who went against his teachings in order, to save his own life. He would rather safe guard his honor by accepting death as his only escape from prison. Through his ideals, Socrates manages to convince the audience, that indeed true virtue and honor lies in accepting death. Hence, evidence of Socrates claim that he is wise only in his ignorance can clearly be seen when he chooses death over life and honor over disrespect and dishonor by ignoring Crito's attracting offer of escaping from the prison.

Hence, through Plato's Trial and Death of Socrates, one is able to gain a lot of wisdom and knowledge. The two dialogues clearly provide sufficient evidence of Socrates claims and persuade a reader to question his/her moral ideals and allow him/her to form a commiserating connection with Socrates.

Works Cited

Benjamin J. The Trial And Death Of Socrates. Dover Publications, Incorporated. Feb. [END OF PREVIEW]

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