Term Paper: Sexual Harassment

Pages: 10 (2556 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Women's Issues - Sexuality  ·  Buy This Paper

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[. . .] (Dubois et al. 1998)

Of the 5312 female respondents of the study, 5259 experienced other-gender harassment and 53 experienced same-gender harassment. (Dubois et al. 1998) Of the 1357 male participants in the study, 884 experienced other-gender harassment and 473 experienced same-gender harassment. (Dubois et al. 1998) "Only 1% of female targets reported being harassed by one or more females, while 35% of male targets reported being harassed by one or more males. The results reported here for males are consistent with the results reported by Berdahl (1996) and Waldo et al. (1998). In fact, the percentage of males harassed by other males in both these studies was larger than the percentage reported in the current study." (Dubois et al. 1998) These statistics suggests that males are more likely to experience same-gender sexual harassment than women.

The study found that women that were victims of same sex sexual harassment reported that the support of a trained professional would have been helped to make the situation easier. (Dubois et al. 1998)

Female victims of same sex harassment also reported that they were more likely to seek informal support from family, friends and clergy than their male counterparts. (Dubois et al. 1998)

The article suggests that "It may be that females view their priest, rabbi, or minister as another "trained professional" who can better provide the emotional counseling needed to cope with same-gender harassment. Alternatively, it may be easier for female targets of same-gender harassment to speak with members of the other gender about their experience, and clergy are predominantly male." (Dubois et al. 1998)

The study also found that amongst female victims of same sex sexual harassment their experience had a negative impact upon how they viewed member of their own gender. (Dubois et al. 1998)

Researchers believe that these negative feeling arise because "predatory males" are seen as the typical harassers of females, it likely is a very disillusioning experience when the harasser turns out to be a "predatory female." (Dubois et al. 1998)

In the case of males and same gender sexual harassment the study suggests that the reason why this type of harassment occurs is derivative of ritualized male hazing. (Dubois et al. 1998) For instance, the two forms of sexual harassment are reported to occur more frequently by male victims of same-sex harassment (rape and sexual teasing/jokes/remarks) often coincide with male hazing. (Dubois et al. 1998)

Other studies have noted that "this type of gender harassment is directed at males in the military who violate gender norms, especially males who appear vulnerable. Moreover, Eisenhart (1975) has described how such harassment is inherent in socializing new soldiers." (Dubois et al. 1998)

Dubois et al. (1998) also report that male perpetrators of same gender harassment are usually older and have higher job position than there male victims. This situation makes it easier for the perpetrator to use their position and authority to instill fear and have control over targets of harassment. (Dubois et al. 1998) The research also found that more male victims of same gender harassment than opposite gender harassment reported the crime; but that this was still a small percentage when compared with the actual incidences of same gender harassment that occurred. (Dubois et al. 1998) The study also found that male victims of same-sex harassment were also more likely than male victims of opposite gender harassment to pursue both professional and informal support. (Dubois et al. 1998)

The article reports that this support is sought from various sources, including; family, friends, medical and emotional professionals, and people at work. (Dubois et al. 1998)

Researchers concluded that this seeking of support suggest that Male targets of same-gender harassment may require and utilize a broader range of palliative measures if the impact of the harassment is to be meaningfully dealt with. Finally, the impact of the harassment on the professional and personal lives of male targets of same-gender harassment is far more devastating than that reported by male targets of other-gender SH. This is consistent with the results reported by Berdahl et al. (1996) who suggest that the impact of male-male SH is more analogous to the impact of the harassment of females by males than it is to the harassment of males by females. (Dubois et al. 1998)

This study suggests that same sex harassment is particularly devastating and can have a more severe effect on the physical and emotional well being of the victim. Overall the study found that these severe effects are much more prevalent in victims of male-male harassment. (Dubois et al. 1998)

The researchers suggest that organizations must utilize a mixture of old and new approaches to deal with the issue of same sex harassment. (Dubois et al. 1998)

Organizations must let their employees know that harassment of any kind will not be tolerated regardless of whether it involves members of the same or other gender. Moreover, we strongly recommend that organizations make no distinction between ritualized hazing that involves sexually harassing behaviors and sexual harassment. Both types of harassment are counterproductive and interfere with important workplace behaviors." (Dubois et al. 1998)

Conclusion

The purpose of this discussion was to explore this topic as it relates to same sex sexual harassment. We began our discussion with a definition of sexual harassment.

We found that sexual harassment involves the harassment of a sexual nature that creates a quid pro quo or hostile environment. We also found that same gender harassment usually occurs amongst males and also effects them more severely than it does female victims of same gender harassment.

References www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=26232486

Achampong, F. (1999). Workplace Sexual Harassment Law Principles, Landmark Developments, and Framework for Effective Risk Management. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001401427

Dubois, C.L., Knapp, D.E., Faley, R.H., & Kustis, G.A. (1998). An Empirical Examination of Same- and Other-Gender Sexual Harassment in the Workplace. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 39(9-10), 731.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000693735

Fineran, S. (2002). Sexual Harassment between Same-Sex Peers: Intersection of Mental Health, Homophobia, and Sexual Violence in Schools. Social Work, 47(1), 65+.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000566459

Sands, D. (1996, February 21). Can Same-Sex Harassment Be Litigated as 'Sexual'?. The Washington Times, p. 6.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=25995266

Stein, L.W. (1999). Sexual Harassment in America A Documentary History. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Sexual Harassment.  (2004, June 5).  Retrieved June 19, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/sexual-harassment-been/4675300

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https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/sexual-harassment-been/4675300.