Capstone Project: Shift Work and Scheduling

Pages: 9 (2288 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 10  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Business - Management  ·  Buy This Paper


[. . .] The inductive logic also known as the "bottom-up" tactic, works the reverse way i.e. It starts off from having dedicated aims and then broadens them into much more generalized as well as extensive practices and ideas. In order to attain the aims of this study: the investigator utilized the inductive approach.

Research type and Time line

The timeline of an investigating study is straightforwardly linked with its set-up. There are first and foremost two main formats of a research study and they are cross-sectional and longitudinal studies. In a cross-sectional study the attentiveness of the investigator is limited within a sole time-frame that is the investigator only acquires a section of the entire phenomenon which he is studying.

On the other hand, in a longitudinal study the attention spreads over a larger span of time that is a lot more reliant and independent variables are incorporated and alterations that take place over time are also eminent before coming to real conclusions (Trochim, 2006). For this very particular study utilized the cross sectional structure due to the time limit available to the investigator.

Data Collection Methods

In any particular study there are two types of data collection methods: one is the quantitative, which incorporates the numeric analysis and the other is the qualitative, which includes the intangible social and human dimensions and can have videos, interviews, photo etc. For this study the researcher used the quantitative measures that include numerically proven statistical analysis.

Most of the studies whether qualitative or quantitative incorporate any one or mixture of the following methodologies:

Surveys (Questionnaires plus the interviews)

Semi-structured interviews

Structured interviews


Unstructured interviews

In this particular study the investigator used the questionnaire form of surveys.

Quantitative Validity

The legitimacy or strength of a study is what makes sure of its success or failure. Even the minimum level of illegitimacy can render the entire study to be an effort in vain. For any kind of data the legitimacy lies in the depth, honesty and ability of the information composed along with the chosen sample and the unbiased tactic in use by the investigator. In this study, the investigator utilized the survey method with the similar procedure for all subjects in the sample. This made sure that the differences present in the answers are individually genuine: therefore the methodology will not be rejected for being biased or impartial in any way (Trochim, 2006).

Dependability can be classified as the likelihood of other studies coming at the same presumption when computing with a similar strategy and using similar methods. In realism, issues of dependability show dilemmas and troubles in both accuracy and correctness of the measuring device being used in the research (Bouma, 2004). According to Saunders et al. (2012), in order to decrease the odds of getting unsuitable answers, an investigator must think to what degree the study would be practicable and strong while scheming out the study structure. Adhering to this opinion, Saunders et al. (2012) discloses the issues of partiality, which are connected with dependability and can be classified into two main types. One is the researcher bias where explanation, tone as well as body language of the investigator may produce bias and the chosen sample may react in different ways to different questions. The other is the respondent's bias which is mainly generated by views of the respondents about the researcher or investigator (Saunders et al., 2012).


Alertness Solution. (2009). The Moebus Aviation Report on "Scientific and Medical Evaluation of Flight Time Limitations": Invalid, Insufficient, and Risky. Rebuttal to the EASA Report. Accessed:

Bouma, G.D. (2004). The research process. 5th ed. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Caldwell, J.A., Mallism M.M., Caldwell, J.L., Paul, M.A., Miller, J.C. And Neri, D.F. (2010). Fatigue Countermeasures in Aviation. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 80, No. 1.

Federal Aviation Administrtaion (FAA) (2008). Aviation Fatigue Management Symposium: Partnerships For Solutions. FAA Fatigue Conference Proceedings. Accessed:

Saunders, M., Lewis, P. And Thornhill, A (2012). Research methods for business students. 6th ed. London: Prentice Hall.

Stepansk, i E.J. And Wyatt, J.K . (2003). Use of sleep hygiene in the treatment of insomnia. Sleep Med Rev; 7: 215 -- 25.

Stewart, S., Holmes, A., Jackson, P., and Abboud, R. (2006). An integrated system for managing fatigue risk within a low cost carrier. Enhancing Safety Worldwide: Proceedings of the 59th annual IASS; Oct 23-25; Paris, France. Alexandria, VA: Flight Safety Foundation.

Trochim, W. (2006). The Research Methods Knowledge Base, 3rd ed. Cincinnati, OH: Atomic Dog Publishing.

WSH Council. (2010). Workplace Safety & Health Guidelines: Fatigue Management. Workplace Safety and Health Council in collaboration with… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Cite This Capstone Project:

APA Format

Shift Work and Scheduling.  (2013, March 12).  Retrieved July 17, 2019, from

MLA Format

"Shift Work and Scheduling."  12 March 2013.  Web.  17 July 2019. <>.

Chicago Format

"Shift Work and Scheduling."  March 12, 2013.  Accessed July 17, 2019.