Sids, Safe to Sleep Education Program SIDSCapstone Project

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Sids, Safe to Sleep Education Program

SIDS

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Major Risk Factors of SIDS

Strategies for Effective Management of SIDS

Alteration of Perceptions and Attitudes

Extensive Communication Plans

Recommended Program

Expected outcomes

Evaluation

The following paper puts light on the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). The paper discusses the major risk factors of SIDS and identifies strategies that could be used to effectively manage this syndrome. In addition to that, this paper also develops a communication and education program that can aid the authorities in reducing the rate of prevalence of SIDS.

SIDS, Safe to Sleep Education Program

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)can be referred to as a term that is used to define the sudden death of an infant, for which the cause cannot be identified even after the completion of an entire investigation. The concerned authorities, health care providers, and care takers are rendering considerable efforts to reduce the number of deaths occurring because of SIDS and the rate of prevalence of this disease. One of the tools that is used for this purpose is parent education and training.(Berkowitz, 2012; Gurbutt, 2007; Kaada, 1986; Ottaviani, 2014; Rognum, 1995; Sawaguchi, 2013; and Tildon, Roeder & Steinschneider, 1983)

The concerned stakeholders have put in a lot of efforts to reduce the prevalence of this disorder in the United States of America. The concerned authorities and institutions have introduced a number of additional and safer sleep actions including the deployment of pacifiers, the prevention of strollers as well as the car safety seats as sleep settings for infants, and the reduction or eradication of the use of blankets, extraneous bedding, and bumpers in the sleep setting of infants. In addition to that, child care programs have also been recommended to avoid swaddling. (Berkowitz, 2012; Gurbutt, 2007; Kaada, 1986; Ottaviani, 2014; Rognum, 1995; Sawaguchi, 2013; and Tildon, Roeder & Steinschneider, 1983)

2. Research Background

During the last two decades, the physicians, medical professionals, nurses, health care providers, and other concerned authorities and institutions have made considerable efforts in reducing the number of infants who die because of SIDS. The decrease in the rate of deaths caused by SIDS can be majorly attributed to the education campaigns and programs initiated by the concerned institutions and authorities, to educate the parents and the health care providers regarding the risks that are associated with SIDS. (Staff Members of the American Academy of Pediatrics, 2012; Staff Members of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2006; Staff Members of the National Association for the Education of Young Children, 2014; Staff Members of the Nebraska Department of Health & Human Services, 2013)

As a result of the efforts of the above mentioned individuals and institutions, the United States of America has witnessed a decrease of about 50% in the rate of fatalities caused by SIDS. In addition to that, there has been an evident decrease in the number of infants who are placed to sleep on their stomachs, which is a position that elevates the risk of SIDS. The decrease in the rate of casualties due to SIDS in the United States of America, in the year 1992, is also attributable to the issuance of the statement of American Academy of Pediatrics, which advised the health care providers and the parents to maintain a back or side sleep position for infants so as to reduce the risk of SIDS.In addition to that, the initiation of thecampaign - 'even safer Back to Sleep Campaign' (as it was identified that side sleeping still led to the deaths caused by SIDS) -- in the year 1994 also led towards the reduction of the rate of deaths brought about by SIDS in the United States of America. (Berkowitz, 2012; Gurbutt, 2007; Kaada, 1986; Ottaviani, 2014; Rognum, 1995; Sawaguchi, 2013; and Tildon, Roeder & Steinschneider, 1983)

3. Problem Statement

Despite the progress in the reduction of the deaths caused by SIDS, the syndrome is still identified as the major cause of deaths among infants ranging between the ages of one month and one year in the United States of America. The infants ranging between the age of one month and four months are highly exposed to the risk of SIDS; hence, effective care should be taken in case of such infants. It has, however, been observed that babies up to the age of one year can die because of SIDS. The major reason behind the prevalence of SIDS as a major cause of deaths among infants up to the age of one year, is the insufficient transmission of knowledge regarding this syndrome. (Berkowitz, 2012; Gurbutt, 2007; Kaada, 1986; Ottaviani, 2014; Rognum, 1995; Sawaguchi, 2013; and Tildon, Roeder & Steinschneider, 1983)

The reduction of rate of SIDS requires effective knowledge, actions, and decisions by the parents, physicians, nurses, all the other health care providers, and concerned authorities and institutions. The most critical players, who can play an influential role in the reduction of the rate of SIDS in the United States of America, include the parents, nurses who take care of the infants, and the concerned authorities and institutions.In addition to that, it is also necessary for the caregivers and teachers to continue to provide the parents with education regarding this syndrome. This is because around 2,250 infants, up to the age of one year, still die of SIDS in the United States of America. (Berkowitz, 2012; Gurbutt, 2007; Kaada, 1986; Ottaviani, 2014; Rognum, 1995; Sawaguchi, 2013; and Tildon, Roeder & Steinschneider, 1983)

4. Research Aims

This paper, therefore, aims at initiating a parent education program, which would:

Identify the strategies and best practices for the reduction of SIDS in the United States of America,

Develop effective strategies for the appropriate transmission of knowledge and information regarding this syndrome,

And make recommendations for effective management of this syndrome.

5. Significance of the Research

The research will play an important role in providing the concerned authorities and health care professionals and institutions with information regarding the parent education programs that might enable them to reduce the rate of prevalence of SIDs and the number of deaths caused by it. In addition to that, it will make contributions to the existing literature as well. Furthermore, the research will also provide information to the individual researchers and institutions that aim at conducting a research on the same topic. (Berkowitz, 2012; Gurbutt, 2007; Kaada, 1986; Ottaviani, 2014; Rognum, 1995; Sawaguchi, 2013; and Tildon, Roeder & Steinschneider, 1983)

6. Theoretical Framework

In the development of the theoretical framework for this research, the strategic communication skills, the Theory of Planned Behavior and the Theory of Reasoned Action were deployed to understand and change the individual behavior.

The Theory of Reasoned Action indicates that the intention of a specific individual to perform certain behavior is determined on the basis of the attitude of the individual regarding that behavior and the subjective norms that are held by the individual. The theory of reasoned action has been deployed by the health professionals in a number of health and safety campaigns, including those related toAIDS, breastfeeding, anti-smoking, anti-drugs, and safety belt usageto gain a better understanding of the factors that might influence an individual to perform in a specific manner, and to devise strategies for the effective transmission of knowledge in relation to this issue.(Myers, 2004; Staff Members of the Center on Knowledge Translation for Disability and Rehabilitation Research, 2015)

The Theory of Planned Behavior, which can be referred to as an extension of the Theory of Reasoned Action, can enable the researcher to identify why some media campaigns were less successful, or a failure. The effective transmission of knowledge may not be sufficient for bringing about a change in behavior; instead, the campaigns and programs must target the perceived norms that may affect the adoption decision of the individual.It has been indicated by a number of studies that the likelihood of the target audience to adopt the intended behavior can be predicted. (Myers, 2004; Staff Members of the Center on Knowledge Translation for Disability and Rehabilitation Research, 2015)

By getting an insight into the factors that may affect the adoption decision of an individual, the researchers can develop messages that may change the perceptions of the individuals in relation to the benefits of the new behavior, and the manner in which this behavior would be perceived by their peers. It has been observed by various researches that the perceived attitudes of the society and an individual, in relation to a particular behavior, are important determinants of action. (Myers, 2004; Staff Members of the Center on Knowledge Translation for Disability and Rehabilitation Research, 2015)

On the basis of these theories the following framework would be adapted by this research:

Assessment of the prevailing threat.

Assessment of potential barriers to information transmission.

Assessment of best practices.

Control: Follow up and maintenance of intention.

Implementation strategies: barrier management and transfer of learning.

Reduction in the rate of prevalence

SIDS

, and… [END OF PREVIEW]

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