Sir Francis Drake Term Paper

Pages: 5 (1445 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Literature - Latin-American  ·  Buy This Paper

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[. . .] Drake claimed the land in North America the called Nova Albion for Queen Elizabeth.

Drake arrived triumphantly in England in the fall of 1580. The following year, he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth, thus becoming Sir Francis Drake. Now a millionaire, he owned and lived in Buckland Abbey and became Lord Mayor of Plymouth in 1581. Drake's first wife, Mary Newman whom he had married in 1569, died shortly after Drake was knighted. In 1585, Drake married for the second time to Elizabeth Sydenham, a woman twenty years his junior who came from a wealthy and well-connected family. Neither of Drake's marriages produced any children.

After Drakes return, it soon became clear that England's and Drake's problems with Spain were far from over. Tensions between Spain and England had increased as English privateers including Drake and others had severely dented the Spanish treasury. And, the Protestant Elizabeth first had further antagonized the Catholics by making attendance at Church of England services compulsory and instituting imprisonment for saying or attending Catholic Mass. In the war with Spain that broke out in 1585, Drake won more glory and recognition. After once more carrying death and destruction to Spanish settlements in the West Indies, he led an expedition into the port of Cadiz, Spain. Here he destroyed so many vessels that for a whole year the Spaniards had to delay the expedition they were preparing for the invasion of England.

In 1588, King Philip II of Spain used his fleet of ships known as the Spanish Armada in its attempt to invade England. As part of the plan, the Duke of Parma who was commanding the army in Spanish-controlled Netherlands, was to assemble an invading force on the North Sea coast. But, Parma's only way to transport troops across the English Channel was a fleet of vulnerable barges. As a solution, the Spanish Armada was to travel North from Spanish-controlled Lisbon and meet Parma's army in order to protect its passage.

Sir Francis Drake was Vice Admiral of the English fleet fighting the Spanish Armada. During the Battle of Gravelines, on July 29, 1588 the Armada was defeated by an English naval force under the command of Lord Charles Howard and Sir Francis Drake off the coast of Gravelines, France. Prior to the battle, Drake is said to have been playing a game of bowls. On being warned of the approach of the Spanish fleet, Drake reportedly remarked that there was plenty of time to finish the game and still beat the Spaniards. The English later defeated the Spanish on August 4 off Dorset with a fleet under the command of Lord Howard of Effingham and Sir Francis Drake. The final battle between the English and the Spanish was off the coast of Flanders and resulted in Spanish retreat.

Drake's seafaring continued until in died in 1596 during one of his many trips to the West Indies where he is thought to have dies of dysentery. Best remembered for battling the Spanish and being the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe, Drake certainly earned his knighthood, wealth, and fame earned during his life time. And now, Sir Francis Drake lives on with a large part of the role of English history during the Elizabethan era.

Bibliography

Elizabethan Era." Wikipedia. 25 Oct. 2003. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabethan_period.

Heseltine, Simon. "Sir Francis Drake Biography." PageWise. 25 Oct. 2003. http://pa.essortment.com/sirfrancisdrak_rkej.htm.

Seeler, Oliver. "The Voyage." 1996. Mendocino Community Network. 25 Oct. 2003. http://www.mcn.org/2/oseeler/voy.htm.

Sir Francis Drake." Redtek Internet Services. 25 Oct. 2003. http://www.redtek.net/abc/history/drake.htm.

Spanish Armada." Wikipedia. 25 Oct. 2003. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_Armada.

Wilczy-ski, Krzysztof. "The Gentleman Pirate. Pirates. 25 Oct. 2003. http://www.piratesinfo.com/biography/biography.php?article_id=32.

Elizabethan Era." Wikipedia. 25 Oct. 2003. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabethan_period.

Heseltine, Simon. "Sir Francis Drake Biography." PageWise. 25 Oct. 2003. http://pa.essortment.com/sirfrancisdrak_rkej.htm.

Wilczy-ski, Krzysztof. "The Gentleman Pirate. Pirates. 25 Oct. 2003. http://www.piratesinfo.com/biography/biography.php?article_id=32.

Seeler, Oliver. "The Voyage." 1996. Mendocino Community Network. 25 Oct. 2003. http://www.mcn.org/2/oseeler/voy.htm.

Sir Francis Drake." Redtek Internet Services. 25 Oct. 2003. http://www.redtek.net/abc/history/drake.htm.

Spanish Armada." Wikipedia. 25 Oct. 2003. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_Armada. [END OF PREVIEW]

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