Sleep Disorder Epidemic Case Study

Pages: 5 (1286 words)  ·  Style: Harvard  ·  Bibliography Sources: 11  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Psychology

¶ … sleep disorder epidemic in the United States. This paper highlights the disease signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of the patient. In addition, an analysis and evaluation of the case study as well as the reasoning for your findings. Besides, the paper gives recommendations for further diagnosis and treatment relating to the case study. The paper reflection on whether this case series has the potential to be used in evidence-based medicine.

Sleep disorder is a medical disorder of human's normal sleep pattern. Besides, sleep related issues are prevalent in the United States with studies showing that approximately 70 million American adults have a sleep disorder ( American Psychiatric Association, 1994). According to statistics, the major sleep-related complaints are insomnia, and the inability to sleep at the desired time among others. Moreover, studies have shown that one-third of adults have difficulties falling asleep with some having non-restorative sleep. Sleep disorders which are common among most people include dysomnia, hypersomnia as well as parasomnias. Sleep related movement disorder may also occur as a result of sleep deprivation. Therefore, the management of sleep disturbances that are secondary to mental, medical, or substance abuse disorders should focus on the underlying conditions.

Case Study Analysis and Evaluation

Signs and Symptoms

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The most common sign and symptom of sleep disorder is difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep. This leads to daytime fatigue and may result in distress, social awkwardness and occupational dysfunctional as well.

The other common symptom of sleep disorders is repeated episodes of rising from bed during sleep and walking about (Ivanenko & Massey, 2006). This symptom is always witnessed during the first third of the major sleep episode. During sleepwalking, persons have blank face and are relatively unresponsive but once awakened the person experiences amnesia for the episode.

TOPIC: Case Study on Sleep Disorder Epidemic in the Assignment

In addition, persistent pattern of sleep disruption lead to excessive sleepiness and insomnia due to mismatch between the sleep-wake schedule required by a person's environment and their circadian sleep-wake pattern.

In addition, individuals deprived of sleep experience abrupt awakening from sleep which occurs in the first third of the major sleep episode and begins with a panicky scream. Besides, there are signs of autonomic arousal, such as tachycardia, rapid breathing, and sweating, witnessed during such occurrences.

MK is having signs and symptoms closely associated with sleep deprivation. He sleeps for approximately three hours and whenever he wakes up, he has difficulties falling back to sleep. MK's visit to his primary care provider confirms that he has been experiencing extreme fatigue and irritability for the last 2 months (Mahowald, 2000). In addition, he sometimes snores lightly but denies gasping arousals or witnessed apneas when he sleeps. LS also has the same problem as MK. When she was first diagnosed by primary care provider 3 months ago, she had symptoms of insomnia, depression, fatigue, irritability, as well as concentration problems.

Diagnosis and Treatment

There are several tools used in diagnosing sleep disorders; however, not all of them are appropriate for obtaining a diagnosis of sleep work disorders. As with all sleep disturbances, the initial clinical assessment is based on the patient's history and physical examination.

The first way medics use in assessing sleepiness among patients is the Epworth Sleepiness Scale. This is an instrument used in diagnosing a patient's likelihood dozing off while engaging in various activities. Those with scores of 10 in this diagnostic tool; are considered sleepy while those with lows of five are less sleepy at work.

The second diagnostic tool is the ICSD-2 diagnostic. This requires the documentation of abnormal timing of a habitual sleep pattern using either sleep logs for 7 days. The goal is to assess the patient's sleepiness during the night shift and during the commute home from work, as well as the patient's sleep efficiency during the daytime after working the night shift. It is particularly appropriate when diagnosing delayed or… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Sleep Disorder Epidemic" Case Study in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Sleep Disorder Epidemic.  (2012, October 4).  Retrieved August 4, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Sleep Disorder Epidemic."  4 October 2012.  Web.  4 August 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Sleep Disorder Epidemic."  October 4, 2012.  Accessed August 4, 2021.