Essay: Social Anxiety Questionnaire: A New

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[. . .] Another issue affecting the high correlation between the SIAS and the Social Anxiety Questionnaire is that the Social Anxiety scale contained a neutral point whereas the SIAS does not. A score of three on the SIAS (moderately anxious) means something different than a score of three on the Social Anxiety scale (neutral). Thus, the relationship between the two scales may be meaningless. In the Social Anxiety Questionnaire the mean scores across the scale items indicated that the subjects were often answering around the neutral mark with regards to the questions. It would be useful to administer the scale to patients with social anxiety disorders in order to set cut points for the scale regarding severity levels. Moreover, the use of a neutral point on the scale may be important when assessing attitudes such as political attitudes, but is not useful in assessing clinical manifestations (Haynes, Richard, & Kubany, 1995). A scale utilizing answers ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree without a neutral point may be more relevant in assessing anxiety.

Another issue regarding the convergent validity of the scale as measured in this study is that items mean values from the three questionnaires were correlated instead of the total scores for the entire scales, which may have allowed for more variance and may have produced a different correlation matrix. In addition, in order to test the validity of a new scale, both convergent and discriminant validity should be assessed by looking at the correlation between dissimilar scales (Campbell & Fiske, 1959). Only convergent validity was attempted in the current study.

Of course the scale would also need to be evaluated on a more diverse population other than college students in order to determine its generalziability. However given the results of the current study, the Social Anxiety Questionnaire does appear to have promise as an alternative measure of social anxiety.

References

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Anthony, M.M. (1997). Assessment and treatment of social phobia. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 42, 826 -- 834.

Brown, E.J., Turovsky, J., Heimberg, R.G., Juster, H.R., Brown, T.A., & Barlow, DH (1997). Validation of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale and the Social Phobia Scale across the anxiety disorders. Psychological Assessment, 9, 21-27.

Campbell, D.T., & Fiske, D.W. (1959). Convergent and discriminant validation by the multitrait-multimethod matrix. Psychological Bulletin, 56, 81-105

Cronbach, L.J. (1951). Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. Psychometrika, 16 (3), 297-334.

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60.

Eysenck, H.J. (1970). Readings in extraversion-introversion: Volume I. New York: Wiley-Interscience.

Eysenck, H.J. (1971). Readings in extraversion-introversion: Volume II. New York: Wiley-Interscience.

Haynes, S.N., Richard, D., & Kubany, E.S. (1995). Content validity in psychological assessment: A functional approach to concepts and methods. Psychological Assessment, 7 (3), 238-247.

Heimberg, R.G., & Turk, C.L. (2002). Assessment of social phobia. In R.G. Heimberg & R.E. Becker (Eds.), Cognitive -- behavioral group therapy for social phobia: Basic mechanisms and clinical strategies (pp. 107 -- 126). New York: Guilford Press.

Mattick, R.P., & Clarke, J.C. (1998). Development and validation of measures of social phobia scrutiny fear and social interaction anxiety. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 36, 455 -- 470.

McCroskey J.C. (1984). Self-report measurement. In J.A. Daly & J.C. McCroskey (Eds.), Avoiding communication: Shyness, reticence, and communication apprehension. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Weeks, J.W., Heimberg, R.G., Rodebaugh, T.L., & Norton, P.N. (2008). Exploring the relationship between fear of positive evaluation and social anxiety. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 22 (3), 386-400.

Table One.

Means and standard deviations for the items on the Social Anxiety Questionnaire.

Question

Mean

Standard Deviation

1. I feel uncomfortable being introduced to other people.

2.196

1.0

2. I feel unease being watched or observed while doing something

3.078

1.074

3. It makes me stressful in saying something in a group discussion.

3.0

1.217

4. My heart beats fast when meeting people in authority ("important people/authority figures").

3.216

1.113

5. I feel insecure and out of place in unfamiliar social situations ("I don't know what to say.")

3.216

1.064

6. I feel embarrassed and blushed easily when meeting someone new.

2.628

1.058

7. Meeting other peoples' eyes is a challenging task for me.

2.431

1.044

8. I tend to feel relaxed while interacting with a group of unfamiliar people.)

3.172

0.974

9. I tend to feel nervous and easily irritated in an informal social meeting with my co-workers/classmates.

2.412

0.942

10. Sometimes, I get overwhelmed with negative opinions and thoughts which keeps me from doing things I truly want to do.

3.098

0.985

11. Knowing that I have to be in a social event, I tend to worry about it for days or… [END OF PREVIEW]

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