Social Cognitive Theory Journal

Pages: 4 (1357 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Junior  ·  Topic: Psychology

¶ … Dr. Bandura is the classic and innovative Bobo doll experiment from 1961. Inspired by his work, Victor C. Strasburger spoke about this and much of Bandura's other influential work in an article entitled "Risky Business: What Primary Care Practitioners Need to Know About the Influence of the Media on Adolescents." Albert Bandura created a holistic framework for social cognitive theory which takes into consideration the interaction between personal, environmental and behavioral variables. Although he affected many areas of psychological study, he has continued to affect the development of social cognitive theory with regard to children and television violence. Indeed, without his pioneering work, it is hard to see how social cognitive behavior theory as we know it would have developed, or at the very least it would have been radically different and might not have explained the convergence of television with social cognitive theory.

Bandural Experiment Results

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Much of this work is related to but not exclusively centers around the famous Bobo doll experiment that Bandura performed in 1961. This was some of the earliest work on television behaviors. In the experiment, the participants were either rewarded, punished, or received no consequences for the aggressive behaviors. In fact, as the authors point out matter of factly, applied behavior analysis began as an extension of laboratory-anchored principles in an effort to understand and control socially significant human behavior. While Bandura and B.F. Skinner differed on the number of influences on their social cognitive model, Skinner predicted the above extension. Therefore, while Bandura's emphasis is different, it is a natural extension of Skinner's work. The children imitated work that they had seen on a television screen (Straburger and Wilson, 2003, 5).

Abstract

TOPIC: Journal on Social Cognitive Theory Assignment

The debate about television violence has been ongoing for five decades. Studies like the Bobo doll experiment were in direct response to the hearings by Senator Estes Kefauver's Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Delinquency that suggested that television was contributing to youth violence. When question, network executives have claimed that the available, however the research that was started in 1961 with the Albert Bandura Bobo doll experiment. The fact that the research was specifically geared toward television and respondent violence research set the paradigm for this type of investigative research since 1961. This definitively connects violence seen on television and imitative behavior that children model after they have viewed the violent programming on television. The television executives are therefore being much less than honest, especially when confronted with Bandura's evidence which shows such a close relationship, especially when incentives against violence have been removed from the children in the experiment framework.

Hoffman Article Summary

The article specifically deals with those who have perceived poor social skills. There has been the suggestion that increasing one's sense of competence in mastering a feared situation is the single result of all of the successful anxiety reduction techniques. The authors tracked the development of Bandura's theory. In the beginning, Bandura assumed that performance capabilities could be predicted independent from the anxiety state of the person.

However, Dr. Tom Borkovec reacted by pointing out that self-efficacy was more likely a reflection of a behavioral change mechanism than it was the mediator of such change. In addition, Dr. David H. Barlow pointed out that performance capabilities alone often have little or no role in very many anxiety disorders. Most people with SAD seem to possess adequate social skills, but are inhibited when it comes to applying them in specific social situations. As a result of these and other criticisms, subsequent versions of Dr. Albert Bandura's theory reconceptualized self-efficacy more generally as a perceived ability used to manage potential threats. This also increases the sense of predictability and the controllability of the anxiety-provoking events. While perceiving the connection between modeled behavior and the later imitated action, the new research is indicating that the cognitive behavior of the patient is much more under their control. This is truly a departure from the beginning point where the paradigm was set by B.F. Skinner and stimulus response was seen as the primary method of initiating and regulating… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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