Essay: Social Construction of Race

Pages: 7 (2175 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Race  ·  Buy This Paper

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] Thus, white men have escaped the racial profiling that many argue is an essential law enforcement tactic (Irons, 2010).

How Social Institutions Contribute towards Racism

Social institutions like education, social welfare, and the criminal justice system reproduce social arrangements based on race and gender. Individuals who staff and run these institutions bring to them some consciousness informed by ideological belief systems that rationalize racial disparities. Pervasive ideological constructions of race create preconditions for how individuals are perceived and treated. The extent to which institutional arrangements mirror those of the broader society can be seen as normal and inevitable outcomes.

Uniformity in managing these tensions of race is found among all major social institutions. The ability of the criminal justice system to absorb the individuals, who fall through the bottom in education or social welfare, is predictable and predetermined. For example, by investing more money in corrections than education our expectations for the attainment of future generations has been sealed. For the cost of imprisoning one person for one year, California could educate ten community college students, five California State University students, or two University of California students. The role of institutions to formalize, document and label individual statuses to function as tracking systems that influence and even determine status arrangements. Its role also extends to include concealing any arbitrariness within the culture (Gurin, 2008).

The Problem of Racism

Most people believe that racism is an individual problem and that if individuals become nice to one another, this problem will be solved. However, racism supersedes an individual problem because it is structural. Racism depends on individuals to transfer racial values and endorse their laws and practices that legitimate racial hierarchies. However, the center of these actions is established in the hegemony; social structures made of practices, policies and laws normalizing race hierarchies and enabling them to be viewed as just and common sense. This is despite knowing that these systems are likely to reproduce racial inequalities. Individuals must be taught to view such inconsistencies as the result of individual failures that come from groups who cannot get it correctly. After watching the Color of Fear Video, white owners of vineyards describe their view of how the whites cling on their ethnic identities rather than just being Americans (Irons, 2010).

Conclusion

Instead of perceiving racism as an unfortunate symptom of current institutional arrangements, it should be interpreted as a set of tools, which produces and sustains social hierarchies. This study has identified some of these tools in the hope that they are rendered more discernible and criticized and resisted but possible to notice ideologies (Wedding, 20100. Contemporary societies have rendered invisible structural and ideological dynamics used to determine racial outcomes. Lack of old discrimination frameworks, like segregated houses, racial epithets and cross burning.

The elimination of rigid laws of exclusion, which seems to have eradicated the most overt signs and symbols of racism, implies that we are living in a racial democracy. This shows that instances of racism have been diminished. This has paved way for continued debates about the legitimacy of racism despite refutably evident persistence in the racial disproportional patterns seen in all aspects of social life. The new structures of racism make it easy for most of us to ignore it. This is the reason behind the success of modern race projects. The current society is increasingly becoming sophisticated in terms of defines, constructs, making new racism, racism practices and its disguise of laws, policies and practices regulating the color line as previous race regimes (Rachlinski, 2009).

References

Wedding, C., R. (2010). Defending Whiteness: Protecting White Privilege in Post-Civil Rights Society. London: Springer.

Rachlinski, J. (2009). Does unconscious racial bias affect trial judges? London. Routledge Gurin, P. (2008). Defending Diversity: Affirmative Action at the University of Michigan. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.

Irons, J. (2010). Reconstituting Whiteness: The Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission. Nashville, Tenn: Vanderbilt University.

Chang, D., A. (2010). The Color of the Land: Race,… [END OF PREVIEW]

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https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/social-construction-race/8934646.