Social Indicators of Well-Being and Health Essay

Pages: 5 (1426 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 11  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Health  ·  Written: April 15, 2019

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] e., a systematic health or societal health determinant inequality between privileged and underprivileged groups or an imbalanced and unjust health inequality. But every health gap is not unfair. Consider, for instance, the fact that youth are typically fitter as compared to the aged. Or the fact that newborn girls typically have lower average birth weights as compared to newborn boys. Or that men suffer from prostate issues but women don’t. One cannot claim that such health discrepancies are unfair. Rather, cases of serious health inequity include gender- based differences in inoculation levels or nutritional status, or ethnic/ racial gaps in the probability of being properly treated for a stroke.

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As previously mentioned, it is imperative to clearly understand and explain the differences between health inequities and health inequalities, but the principles of equal rights and parity are still pivotal. The idea of equality proves vital to health equity measurement and application, in addition to being valuable for accountability from a human rights point of view. Equality may be evaluated relative to distinct, calculable results, while gauging whether or not a given process is fair is open to further interpretation. Moreover, from a practical standpoint, normally, individuals holding positions of authority probably ascertain what is inequitable or equitable at the social level, when it comes to allocating resources essential for good health and health care provision. For instance, the females of a few nations are greatly subjugated, and individuals holding authority positions maintain that the circumstances of their female population aren’t unfair; instead, they believe their treatment of females is apt, considering the disparate roles of males and females in their societies; comparable arguments are provided for justifying ethnic or racial bias as well (Abeyesekera, 1995; Coomeraswamy, 1997; Sullivan, 1995). In these contexts, equality serves as a key reference point when it comes to efforts towards achieving better health equity.

Conclusion

Essay on Social Indicators of Well-Being and Health Assignment

Health equity represents a moral value that is normative by nature, aligned to human rights codes, and founded on the moral doctrine of distributive justice. Akin to a majority of other concepts, it is not possible to measure health equity directly, which is why a description of health equity has been put forward, in this paper, that may be applied using quantifiable, meaningful criteria. A newly recommended health disparity measurement model not reflecting distribution of health across diverse societal clusters has created awareness of a need to define health equity more clearly. Every health inequality does not invariably suggest health inequity, indicating unjust resource distribution and other processes impacting individual health. Evaluation of health equity calls for a comparison of health and societal health determinants between privileged and underprivileged communities in society. Without this knowledge, one cannot judge whether or not initiatives and policies are improving progress towards, or leading us away from, increased societal health- related fairness (Braveman & Gruskin, 2003).

References
  1. Abeyesekera S. (1995). Women’s human rights, questions of equality and difference. The Hague, ISS Working Paper no 186.
  2. Baum, F. (2015). The social determinants of health inequity. Retrieved from http://ebookcentral.proquest.com.
  3. Braveman, P., & Gruskin, S. (2003). Defining equity in health. J Epidemiol Community Health, 57, 254–258
  4. Coomeraswamy, R. (1997). Reinventing international law: women’s rights as human rights in the international community. Edward A Smith Lecture. A publication of the Harvard Law School Human Rights Program, 1–14.
  5. Crombie, I. K., Irvine, L., Elliot, L., & Wallace, H. (2005). Closing the health inequalities gap: An international perspective. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe.
  6. Draper, G., Turrell, G., & Oldenburg, B. 2004, Health inequalities in Australia: Mortality, Queensland University of Technology and Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Canberra.
  7. HealthyPeople.gov. Disparities. Retrieved from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/disparitiesAbout.aspx.
  8. Mackenbach, J., Bakker, M. J., Kunst, A. E., & Diderichson, F. (2002). Socioeconomic inequalities in health in Europe: An overview. In: Mackenbach J P, Bakker M J, editors. Reducing inequalities in health: A European perspective. London: Routledge
  9. Sullivan, D. (1995). Envisioning women’s human rights: What was achieved in Beijing? China Rights Forum, 19, 21.
  10. Phelan, J. C., Link, B. G., & Tehranifar, P. (2010). Social conditions as fundamental causes of health inequalities: Theory, evidence, and policy implications. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 51(1), S28–S40. doi:10.1177/0022146510383498
  11. United States Department of Health & Human Services. (2015). Healthy people 2020: framework. Retrieved… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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