Social Welfare Policy Impacts Ageism Term Paper

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Social Welfare Policy Impacts Ageism

It is a fact that the elderly or the aged population has been discriminated against throughout the years, and the elderly have been an oppressed minority anywhere in the world. For example, in the year 1970, Maggie Kuhn, who was at that time sixty-five years old, was asked to retire form her post of Executive in the Presbyterian Church. This was according to the policy of 'mandatory retirement that was being followed by the Church at the time, but still, Maggie Kuhn was taken by surprise, and her friends of the same age were concerned about retirement when they were not ready to do so. However, their primary concern was not just the issue of mandatory retirement; Maggie and her friends wanted to make the society aware of how elderly people are generally viewed by the world in general. For example, when they would enter a Departmental store, people would condescend to them, and when they would have to meet new people, these people would inevitably judge them by their looks and not by their experience or competency. Subsequently, Maggie Kuhn and her elderly friends held a meeting in New York to discuss the positive contributions of the aged to society, and it led to the creation of a Senior Rights' Organization, named 'Gray Panthers'. The association brings about awareness and changes in society, just like other activist organizations of the 1960's and 1970's. (Age)Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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Term Paper on Social Welfare Policy Impacts Ageism Assignment

Although it is indeed a fact that discrimination exists in all forms, ageism is more often present in the computer industry and in the entertainment industries. This is why many actors, musicians, engineers, scriptwriters, and programmers have been complaining that it is difficult for them to find work, after they have aged, even though they may have the experience and the qualification needed for the job. There are numerous policies. One policy in particular seems to have been to oppress the elderly, and this is the U.S. Immigration Policy. Most U.S. residents today are in fact descendants of immigrants who arrived in America more than a hundred years ago, but it is only of late that there has been grave concern about immigrants affecting domestic workers, and the Quota Law of 1921, which was passed to limit the number of immigrants form any one country into the U.S.A. was followed strictly until 1965, when the number of immigrants from any country was restricted to a particular number. The Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act -- IIRAIRA of 1996 imposed further restrictions, wherein only those people with an income level of 125% more than the poverty line could act as hosts to other immigrants, and elderly immigrants especially, would receive a higher level of transfers. (Policy Debate: Does U.S. Immigration Policy Harm Domestic Workers?)

It appears that some policies deliberately exclude or segregate certain minority groups like African-American, and so on, and women and the elderly are also considered to be among the minority group of oppressed citizens. (Continuum on becoming an anti-racist multi-cultural institution) However, not everywhere is there discrimination against the ageing population; in fact, the policy named 'Culturally Appropriate Aged Care', supports the various 'Access and Equity Policies', which make sure that the elderly population of Australia, irrespective of their cultural or racial or linguistic backgrounds, would have an equal amount of 'culturally appropriate aged care', and since the implementation of this program would require that languages other than English would have to be used, this is also taken care of, and this means that the policy would benefit not only those people form indigenous communities, but also immigrants from non-English speaking countries. This policy would also ensure that the discrimination that the elderly in general are subjected to is reduced to a considerable extent. (ADS Draft Multicultural Policy Culturally appropriate aged care)

The 'Equal opportunities Policy' that was adopted by the Croydon Council in the year 1999, is said to supercede any other previous policy on the issue of the ageing and the elderly, and this is because of the basic fact that the Council acknowledges the truth that the quality of life for a great many people has in fact been undermined and destroyed because of various forms of discrimination, and the aim of the policy is to stop all forms of discrimination and therefore improve the quality of life for all these individuals. Most of the time, there are certain negative assumptions that are attributed to people of a certain age, and these take the form of discriminations and prejudices and as these people age even further, these discriminations become even stronger. The Croydon Council recognizes this fact and this is why this policy of Equal opportunity would help this particular group of individuals. For example, in service delivery, it is extremely important that people of all ages must be consulted, and also that several different approaches must be used to ensure that the consultation is effective, and this would make services more effective and efficient, especially in cases that concern minorities and ethnic elderly people. (Equal Opportunities Policy)

The Croydon Council also implements recruitment and an employment policy that would not take age into consideration, until the average and normal retirement age followed elsewhere, and this is true for recruitment, training, and for promotions of the aged. Therefore, the concept that the elderly must be allowed the chance to return to employment, and that they would also have the right for training in the field of their choice is mooted through the Equal Opportunity Policy, and it also takes into consideration the fact that elderly peoples' experiences must not be simply brushed off, and that they too must be given a chance for continuous improvement and growth, at any stage in their lives. (Equal Opportunities Policy) Another policy that aids the aged is the Medicaid eligibility Policy, which is meant to help the population of the aged and the disabled, and this is a federal law that covers this group in addition to the low-income groups of people. (Medicaid Eligibility Policy for aged, blind and disabled beneficiaries)

The statement of Mark R. Meiners, PhD, the Associate Director of the Maryland Center on Ageing, shows that there are indeed barriers o the implementation of any policy that is meant especially for the aged and the other minorities of the population. He says that Medicaid and Medicare beneficiaries have been enrolling themselves in managed care in unprecedented numbers, and there are today, more than 4 million beneficiaries of Medicaid enrolled in managed care, but the issue of providing managed care for the disabled and the elderly population's has raised a few questions. One was whether or not the integration of acute and long-term health care would be at all possible, and would it, even if it were possible, be able to provide the flexibility and the various incentives that would be needed to manage the complete and full array of care for the elderly and the disabled. (Statement of Mark R. Meiners, PHD: Hearing on Issues Relating to Coordinated Care Systems under Medicare)

In fact, Mark R. Meiners shows that there are about five or six million people in the country who are eligible for both Medicare and Medicaid, and many people in this group have specialized and complicated medical as well as chronic care needs that would mean that they would have to stay for their long-term care in any type of setting, and an effective care management plan for this group would mean that the plan must be able to coordinate both the service delivery as well as the financing of the entire continuum of health care and long-term care services for this population, and the present condition of the financing and delivery system does in fact contain quite a few barriers to the development of such a well integrated system of care for the elderly. One of the most important concerns is that the very development of managed care programs for the aged has become fragmented, and the financing and the responsibility for the long-term health care for this group has become divided. (Statement of Mark R. Meiners, PHD: Hearing on Issues Relating to Coordinated Care Systems under Medicare)

The Equal Rights Amendment, in its original format, was introduced in the Congress in 1921, and it was in fact introduced by the suffragist Alice Paul. The general essence of the amendment is that men and women must have equal rights throughout the United States of America, and also in every place that is subject to its jurisdiction. (Equal Rights Amendment) However, even though the Amendment did attract a lot of attention, it failed in the long run. It is often quoted that as the drafters of the U.S. Constitution met, the wife of John Adams, Abigail Adams, urged her husband not to forget the women, but it was to no avail; women, who were considered as 'sub-humans', were indeed forgotten, as were other minorities. It was actually not until 1972 that the… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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