Sociological Perspectives on Social Problems and Physical Health Term Paper

Pages: 2 (643 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Sociology

Sociological Perspectives on Social Problems and Physical Health

Labeling Approach to Deviant Behavior

Howard Becker, famous for his social reaction theory, developed the labeling approach to deviant behavior. In his book, "Outsiders: Studies in the Sociology of Deviance," he discussed the political situation and social problems around that concluded him that deviance is a behavior that is being accepted by the social group and not what is really right or wrong. According to Becker (1963) on the online source, http://www.criminology.fsu.edu/crimtheory/becker.htm:

According to Becker (1963), studying the act of the individual is unimportant because deviance is simply rule breaking behavior that is labeled deviant by persons in positions of power. The rule breaking behavior is constant, the labeling of the behavior varies (Becker 1963). Becker (1963) views those people that are likely to engage in rule breaking behavior as essentially different than members of the rule-making or rule-abiding society. Those persons who are prone to rule-breaking behavior see themselves as morally at odds with those members of the rule-abiding society (Becker 1963).

There is no need to know the behavior of an individual to be able to understand what a deviant behavior is, as long as you are breaking the rules and behave badly it is already a deviance. A person that breaks the rule that the majority follows is considered to be a different one or a deviant.

Inter-actionist Perspective on Social Problems

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The Inter-actionist Perspective of the Labeling Theory according to the two different authors based on the online source, http://www.delmar.edu/socsci/rlong/intro/deviance.htm:

Term Paper on Sociological Perspectives on Social Problems and Physical Health Problems Assignment

Kendall (1998:196) argues that "delinquents and criminals are people who have been successfully labeled as such by others." The labeling, according to Howard Becker, is done by moral entrepreneurs. They are people who use their own views of right and wrong to establish rules and label others as deviant. Kendall (1998:196) contends that the process of labeling is "directly related to the power and status of the people who… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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