Solar Panel (Energy) in Saudi Research Paper

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Solar Panel (Energy) in Saudi Arabia

Solar panels in Saudi Arabia

Solar Panel Energy in Saudi Arabia

Solar energy has been generally known as energy that is produced by the sun heat and its collection is done in a flat plate collector known as solar panels. Then the energy undergoes conversion to come up with electricity in most cases. For a longtime Saudi Arabia has kept on struggling with small scale power projects since the 1970s. In the 1980s the Solar Village Project, a 350 kW concentrated PV project, was intended to provide power within remote villages. A solar powered seawater desalination pilot plant was established around Yanbu in 1984, under the SOLERAS program; however it came to be shut down following technical and economic reasons. Nevertheless, due to growing energy demand in the country; from 35GW in 2008 to an estimated 70 GW in 2023, in addition to power shortage at the time of peak hours as well as environmental concerns, such as the pressure of reducing CO2 emissions, really contributed to Saudi Arabia taking another look at solar power.

Innovator companies in Saudi Arabia have always waited for the need of power to be solved especially opting to use the solar panels systems as a possible solution as the source of power that they will admire and requisite. The government and other stakeholders has to rise in the occasion to find ways of raising funds that can be used by the educational and research institutions to equip their learners with the knowledge developing and expanding even the already existing solar energy systems to be able to have a higher efficiency in the coming years, acknowledging that it not only oil that is the most important.

For such enormous technological project to be achieved, the country might not be able to do it on its own, hence the nation may have to apply the key methods of achieving the objectives of researches; which is to reach an agreement with the famous pioneer developers of solar energy found in any part of the world in order to test and establish research fields in the country for higher effective projects, (Alawaji, Saleh H., 2001). It is in this stage of success that the nation can now form its own national organization that will be taking care of the solar energy system for the country which the country is in the process of trying to achieve.

Estimation has it that about 10% of the entire Saudi Arabia's population has never gotten the opportunity of accessing the national power grid. For them to have these opportunities may need up to 20,000 miles of new transmission lines. The most ideal solution for many remote villages to have electricity may be medium-size HCPV projects. The modular nature of HCPV makes it also well-suited in supporting high electricity use complexes such as universities and hospitals, (CPV Today, 2009). Following the Saudi Arabia's high DNI, there is high possibilities that HCPV will compare favorable against dual-axis tracking silicon within solar farm installations. Having in mind that geographical conditions of Saudi Arabia might contribute to new challenges to the performance, materials of HCPV and CSP systems give Saudi Arabia opportunity of establishing itself to be the hub where testing and certifying such system can be carried out under local conditions, as well as for doing researches particularly directed at making concentrated solar systems suited better for conditions within the MENA region.

Future energy mix of Saudi Arabia can significantly be contributed through crystalline silicon and thin-film technologies. Since crystalline silicon is among the most widely used and a highly versatile solar technology, its application can take place in off-grid installations within remote villages, offering power to homes, as well as in huge-mounted solar installations, incorporating electricity into the national grid. Sometimes crystalline silicon loses part of its efficiency during high temperatures, which might affects its performance based on the conditions of Saudi Arabia, (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), (2009). Using new approaches, such as bringing together photovoltaic and solar thermal (PV/T), such negative effect of silicon solar panels can smoothly be changed into a new market opportunity. Availing active water cooling for the silicon panel will definitely maintain efficiency of the panel up, and at the same time offer hot water for commercial or domestic use.

Thin-film modular does not experience efficiency loss during high temperatures like crystalline silicon panels, so they are well-suited for application in the MENA region. Another great potential from thin-film technologies is for building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV). Saudi Arabia can as well have glass facades doubling in form of electricity generating solar panels as well as solar-controlled window tinting which can have a great potential for new constructions.

Literature review

The country turning to solar energy to form its main source is of significance for the reason that as years passed by the nation will not have enough oil that can supply the electricity generation station, water process station, and the entire plants in the country. This implies that the country has no option but to look at the idea of solar energy. In addition, as time goes by the demand of oil has increased to a greater extent while the production of oil has continued to go down as years passes by. As we know that Saudi Arabia has been covered with desert up to about 70% of the entire nation, therefore finding areas where the solar panels can be located in the endeavor to use solar energy may not be an issue,( Bradford, T.,2008 ). However, because of the need for the most efficiency of these panels, some of the areas will be given more priority as compared to other places. Like places which do not have electricity completely may be given first priority.

For Saudi Arabia to establish suitable strategies and mechanisms for solar technology to be introduced in the market, reliable information regarding demand and resources, technology and applications will be of importance. As assessment have been done in an attempt to find the potential for solar manufacturing in Saudi Arabia, as discussed earlier, it is clear that the country has the potential for mass production of silicon crystalline-based photovoltaics (PV), thin-film, as well as solar thermal technologies. These available advantages have been contributed by presence of raw materials and low energy costs. Similarly, there are negative factors also that impact these capabilities. They are called environmental factors such as legal frameworks, industrial land availability, transparency, as well as some which affects negatively the establishment of a solar manufacturing industry. For such potential to be transformed into reality, might require major efforts coming form the policy makers and the leaders themselves in every levels, in overcoming the existing environmental factors, (Bradford, T.,2006).Among them is lack of incentives necessary for whichever kind of early-stage technology.

Methodology

Through solar energy Saudi Arabia can be able to provide a highly attractive method of approach to the energy related and the economic challenges it is facing. A fact that has been acknowledged by study done by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Consumer Goods Cluster which is to focus on solar manufacturing activities; National Industrial Clusters Development Program (NICDP), Economic Development which is to focus on solar research activities; and Apricum; The Cleantech Advisory, which is a consultancy based in Germany acting as advice and project management

According to their study Saudi Arabia has a highly attractive condition capable of attracting solar manufacturing activities from abroad. Among the main assets are the very low cost of energy becoming the top consideration in an attempt to attract photovoltaics companies that tend to be active towards energy-intensive manufacturing steps, like silicon and wafer/ingot production.

Moreover, companies dealing in solar thermal will be able to find a very attractive Saudi Arabia's business conditions, however, there need for a domestic market to setup operations. Therefore it is essential to establish a domestic solar market. Having in mind the very competitive global Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) environment of attracting solar investments, just regions and countries that has comprehensive as well as targeted investments and policy strategies are the ones to have opportunity of benefitting out of the profitable growth and creation of job prospects in solar,( Battelle Memorial Institute and R&D Magazine, 2008). Reduction of CO2 emissions, and utilization of CO2 reduction certificates, is also an essential aspect of attracting solar manufacturers in the country. From their participation the country will be working towards reducing rate of dependency on oil as an economy drive, and also assist in developing a practical and environmentally responsible, solar-based economy.

Indeed Saudi Arabia has the best position that can attract silicon and ingot/wafer projects. Within the upstream part of the value chain, equipments depreciation and electricity costs, forms that key cost drivers. Similarly, the very nearly absence of regional market for PV final products, seemingly of great significant for projects further downstream, does not form a decisive factor for silicon and ingot/wafer operations. The country will find ingot/wafer step… [END OF PREVIEW]

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