Essay: Southwest Native Americans

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Southwest Native Americans

Long before the Spanish had set foot on American soil, Native American tribes had been living a thriving life on the continent. The Pueblo people have gotten their name from the Spanish conquerors most probably because of their houses (which had been named pueblos) and the adobe material used for building them. The Pueblos are organized into several tribes around the Southwest deserts. Unlike all most of the Native Americans that have been chased away from their homes, the Pueblos peacefully lived in their homeland and still live today. (Frances Levine)

The Pueblo history goes back to the time of basket makers, approximately 1000 BC when the nomad tribes of hunters and gatherers had decided to settle down. Some of the first houses ever built by them had been partly belowground.

The original Pueblo villages had been formed as people started to gather into large groups and started to construct more advanced buildings. Being neighbors of the Maya people, the Pueblos began to adopt most of the habits of the more advanced Mayans. By implementing Mayan customs, the Pueblos had had much to earn, as they advanced visibly and started to grow crops settle for farming. Another factor that led to the progress of the Pueblos had been the fact that they had learned how to make pots and they no longer had to deposit their possessions in baskets.

The Pueblos had become rich as a result of their constant advancement and their territory extended further into the continent where they traded various resources. Their building customs had also experienced a lot of progress with the Pueblo's starting to build houses out of stone instead of mud bricks. The Pueblos soon developed remarkable building techniques and also mastered the art of pottery making.

During the early second millennium AD, the Pueblos had left their normal houses built on top of hills and have moved to the hoses named pueblos which were built in caves, on canyons. The reason for their action is not clear, but it is possible that they had moved because of warm weather or because they had been searching for a place where they would be safe from a potential war.

At approximately 1300 AD, the Pueblos have chosen to move from their territory towards New-Mexico and Arizona where other Pueblo tribes had lived. There is much controversy surrounding the topic, as no one actually knows why the Pueblos left their advanced buildings, their crops and farms and all their lifetime possessions. The weather seems to be a decisive factor in the event and it is very probable that the Pueblos could no longer grow crops with the weather having turned to be too dry. A somewhat coincidence is that scientists believe that the ancestors of the Navajo and Ute tribes have entered the former Pueblo territory named the Four Corners area during the period that the Pueblos had left it. Many of the Pueblo tribes from Arizona and New Mexico can be traced until today as they still exist.

With the coming of the Spaniards into America, the Pueblo people's lives became miserable as the new comers did not come in peace. Instead, the Spaniards had been determined to rob the natives of their resources at any cost. There have been several rebellions started by the Pueblos, but the Spaniards had been quick to counter-attack and to re-establish their reign.

One of the 19 Pueblo tribes to have survived is the Zuni tribe and it still exists today as one of the oldest tribes that have succeeded in conserving their customs. The tribe lives in the city of Zuni, New Mexico with some small exceptions of members of the tribe that have chosen to leave their city. One of the main motives for why the tribe has kept its territory for such a long time is that its people did not interfere in battles fought… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Southwest Native Americans.  (2009, January 23).  Retrieved November 21, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/southwest-native-americans/1160439

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"Southwest Native Americans."  Essaytown.com.  January 23, 2009.  Accessed November 21, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/southwest-native-americans/1160439.