Research Paper: Space Vehicles for Future

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[. . .] Such technological growths will as well have fascinating implications on the hotel industry. Notably, the required technology for initial orbital accommodation is much simpler than that required by the passenger launch space vehicles. It is also simpler than that required within the orbiting research stations. Here, there is no need for extremely accurate high-speed computers, communications, attitude controls, and/or custom designed research equipment. Perhaps by 2030, orbital hotels will be beyond the first generations encompassing clusters of ordinary pre-fabricated modules, including large structures such as entertainment complexes, sports centers, and resort hotels assembled within the earth's orbit.

As the scenario described above develops, commercial incentives will arise thereby leading to at least one propellant service station within every hotel orbits, supplying hydrogen, oxygen, and water. The water supply (for conversion by solar powered electrolysis into hydrogen and oxygen), as well as oxygen from within the lunar surface supplied from cometary bodies, both propellant stations and low earth orbit, sports centers, and orbital hotels will probably be regular commercial activities by 2030. Another worth mentioning provision will be the necessity of ensuring that tourists of passengers do not grieve from the probable space adaptation syndromes. This will thereby call for the availability of technologically effective anti-nausea medications.

Approximately 45 years after cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin of Russia became the first man to experience the spaceflight wonders, some commercial companies emerged to be on the nib of breaking through the industry (space tourism). In effect, private firms are currently at the peak of their competitive race in order to provide the paying-passengers with unique experiences of both orbital and suborbital ventures. The suborbital space vehicles would only carry passengers into space altitude of approximately 100 kilometers (62 miles), which is commonly known as the "space edge" before they can return to earth. Such passengers can get a glimpse of the planet edges, space darkness and several minutes of weightlessness experiences. On the other extreme end, orbital space flights are only affordable to multi-millionaires who can pay for the high cost rides into the low earth orbit, visiting the international space stations (Gerard & Jefferson, 1998).

Various sub-orbital space companies may include Zero G Corporation which commonly uses a space vehicle known as G. Force One (a modification of Boeing 727-200 aircraft). It is a Vienna, Va-based company. The G. Force One plane is capable of flying a series of approximately 12-15 parabolic arcs of diverse angles and altitudes that mimic the diverse state of microgravity. Another suborbital space company is Virgin Galactic Company, founded by Sir Richard Branson. The company's Spaceship Two plane is carried into the midair by a massive WhiteKnight-Two mother-ship. Upon hitting an altitude of about 15,200 meters (50,000 feet), the WhiteKnight-Two mother-ship releases Spaceship-Two, which in turn fires its rocket engine making it climb towards the end of the atmosphere. Its flights that carry two pilots and six passengers, usually depart from New Mexico's Spaceport in America. Other space flight companies, which look forward to breaking into the suborbital flight market and space tourism include the Blue Origin, Armadillo Aerospace, and XCOR Aerospace. The Blue Origin founded by Jeff Bezos; an Amazon.com CEO, is developing space vehicles, which are capable of flying a minimum of three or four passengers into the suborbital space. Armadillo Aerospace is a Taxa-based company founded by John Carmack while the XCOR Aerospace is a Mojave-based space company designing space vehicles to take-off and land on airport runways.

Orbital space flight companies include the Space Adventures, Inbloon, and the Space Expedition Corporation. Since their inceptions, the Space Adventures has been the most successful company on the entire globe. The company offers diverse flight programs which do not limit the actual space flights thereby winning a title of being the most famous space flight company that organizes tourist flights and/or trips to multi-billionaires. Several companies are currently designing, testing, and building space vehicles, which aim at filling the American gap in spaceflights following the hiccups in the NASA's space shuttle programs. SpaceX, Boeing, Sierra Nevada, and Blue Origin are rapidly developing, testing space vehicles, and launching systems that are components of the NASA's CCDev (Commercial Crew Development) program. In a little while, the SpaceX capsule will be useful in ferrying cargos and other supplies into the International Space Stations (Gerard & Jefferson, 1998).

Research and Developments

Independent investors play a very crucial role in the space industrial developments. In pursuit of the emerging technological solutions for space programs, the independent investors including learning institutions organize technological competition programs. These may include robotic flights in diverse land terrains without any human control. Perhaps, the main objective of such competitions is to realize and encourage new innovations in automatic space navigation using advanced technologies and computerized space vehicles. The space flight industry will thereby gain the ability to explore the space, as well as the other plants and cometary bodies (Ashford, 1984). The unmanned space vehicles will also demonstrate new technologies, such as the ability of a space vehicle to detect and avoid any other vehicle within the space.

The space industry experts continuously conduct researches that aim at seeking for a nuke power source. However, there is a persistent fear that piles on the public against the known side effects of using this energy source. In 2007, the space industry assured the public that they will have to overcome their squeamishness pertaining to the nuclear power (Ashford, 1984). This would be an achievement if the current space plans become a reality. In the future, the industry's mission to create outposts on the moon, space and other planets will necessitate an advanced technology. The industry is thereby at its workforce striving to re-start and develop a nuclear propulsion. However, spaceflight nuclear propulsion is nothing new since the many of the Apollo projects utilized the systems of nuclear technologies. Further developments in the use of nuclear reactor propulsion will also solve energy related problems for space missions.

Tesla is the head of SpaceX and the pioneer (CEO) of electric car. Under his championship, the SpaceX became the first private company to launch a space craft into the international space stations. Tesla technologies has been applied in other space companies to launch space vehicles and/or satellites that are useful in the planetary imaging. On the other extreme, if leaks and reports about the aliens were accurate and reliable, then there are various alien entities that approached certain states, each at different time and entered into diverse treaties with the states. This could be all to a single degree of exchanging high technology for access to human subjects for genetic and biological research. This high technology has thereby supported the space industrial developments.

Leadership and Guidance

Most of the space flight companies are under the championship and leadership private sectors and/or individuals. In rare cases, the government may intervene in the activities of these companies only for certain basic regulations or for political influences. For instance, the United Launch had been striving to use regulatory and political influences in order to bar stiff competitions from SpaceX. They also tried to obtain media stories that can help focus on the SpaceX's safety concerns, and use traditional approaches to argue against its activities.

One of the most famous space agencies is the NASA (international aeronautics and space administration) founded in 1958 by the National Aeronautics and Space Act (Broz, 1985). NASA is an agency of the American government that is responsible for the national space programs and aeronautic research. Its core technological contributor at the time of its inception was from the rocket technology and equipment seized from the Germans after the Second World War. According to Broz (1985), NASA's first plan for human space exploration was "Project Mercury" in 1961. Perhaps one of the most ambitious projects by NASA regarded as the major achievement for humanity was in 1969; the Apollo Project that sent the U.S. astronauts to land on the moon surface. Buzz Adrian and Neil Armstrong thereby became the first humans to set foot on the moon. However, NASA suddenly stopped sending astronauts to the moon, and no one has ever set foot on the moon since 1972. After the cessation of the Apollo missions, NASA began putting much focus on the cost-effective ways of taking astronauts to space with an aim of performing experiments, launching, and repairing satellites in the earth's orbit. NASA thereby developed a reusable space vehicle "Space Shuttle," which could carry more number of the crew into the space than before (Bono, 1973).

Business Implications

Following the future expectations of advanced air travel, Paramount Business Jets gets much excited and always look forward to innovative ideas, which can propel the activities and/or the progress/success of the spaceflight industry. With the introduction of new technologies and faster motors, private transportation will soon extend further out past the earth's atmosphere and deep into the space (Muller, 2008). The launching phase of this… [END OF PREVIEW]

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