Spanish Civil War the Famous Research Paper

Pages: 10 (3073 words)  ·  Style: MLA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 7  ·  File: .docx  ·  Topic: Literature - Latin-American

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .
He once again returned to the lines where he also received a bullet injury. While he was just about to recover in Spain, the Marxist party (with whom he was fighting) was dominated by the Stalin-supported government and almost everyone he was at war with got arrested. Along with his wife, he decided to escape to France by train. His wife also worked in Barcelona during the war.

It has been discovered, by some other writings of Orwell, that he was extremely angry while writing this book. Orwell has written at multiple places about how he was disgusted at the press release on Barcelona May Days that blamed Orwell's party for the chaos and fighting. However, while reading Homage to Catalonia, the reader does not even get the clue that he was furious while writing this historical account. On the other hand, this journal can claimed as an outstanding model for elaborated journalism from the writer's personal experience. Orwell has not paid much attention to the broader politics of that time, but has focused on his own thoughts and reactions.

Barely the first half of the writing gives details of what was actually going on with a poorly equipped army who had volunteered themselves for this war. However, the writer explains very beautifully the small anecdotes and moments that depict the boredom, futility and frustration of the war that was felt by the soldiers and comrades. The place where he was posted had static trenches, there was no one that he could talk to and there was no hope that a decisive action would take place.Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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Research Paper on Spanish Civil War the Famous Assignment

He explains how the life in the trenches was in deed very boring until he was just a brief action that he could describe as chaos and active combat. However, he still thought that the war was being fought with undefined and there were vague views regarding the bigger tactical picture. Yet again, Orwell describes the Barcelona May Days as boring whereas the whole world views this part of the history as one of the most dramatic ones. The writer then goes into detail regarding the scenes he saw and the sounds he heard that partially related to debunking of the claims if the Communist government. At the same time, he describes very vividly the confusion that was there that led to street fighting in a place where political atmosphere was charged (Orwell, 1985).

At the end of the book, there is an account of the suppression of the POUM and the attempts that were made by Orwell to assist his previous leader. Orwell also explains how he flees from the country along with his wife as Orwell feels that there is no point in fighting this war anymore because government had turned to Stalinism.

Historical Accuracy

The way that Orwell has discussed the underlying politics is in fact quite interesting as it reveals the level of inaccuracy that a typical U.S. reader would have about Marxism and Communism. It is not an easy task for a U.S. reader to understand the reactions and thoughts of Orwell, since there are so many theories related to the concepts of Marxism and communism. A country that has a communist system is considered to be a classless state by many people. In his account, Orwell has also mentioned his experience of coming to Barcelona where he saw that everyone, from a soldier to an officer, was given the same pay. He has also dedicated some part of his work confronting the class equality from personal experience. He claimed that such equality did not allow the army to be as effective as it could have been. Despite the poor conditions, the Marxist soldiers demonstrated extreme morale.

The political description in this account also tells us about the betrayal of the ideals of Marxist by Stalinist Communism. Because Orwell has written this account on the basis of his personal experience, he has always mentioned his ties with the POUM and not with the anarchist parties. Some of his other writings depict in more detail the level at which the political Left was derailed by international Communism. Some discussions are also there regarding the false accusations imposed against POUM and their betrayal.

Most part of this writing is based on solid facts on the ground, however, Orwell has dedicated some of his time to elaborate on his views. He explains the advantages Russia gained from the suppression of the famous revolution in Spain and how Russia benefited from the socialist movement during the Spanish Civil War.

Comparison of the two accounts

For Whom the Bell Tolls was a novel written by Ernest, based on his experiences as a foreign correspondent first in France and then later on Spain during the Civil War that took place in Spain. The writer visited Spain in the year 1931 immediately after the empire of Alfonso XIII was overthrown. The parliament that resulted was divided into leftists and rightists after many years of civil unrest and political conflicts. Elections were also held in Spain after this whole scenario, since the political situation had become very volatile.

These events were closely observed by Ernest and he had already predicted that a civil war would take place anytime because of the difference in political approach between leftist and rightist factions. His prediction was right and the War began in Spain in the year 1936. Ernest supported the leftist and wrote articles and delivered speeches so that he could collect funds on them. He then came to Spain so that he could cover the events of the Spanish Civil War for the North American Newspaper Alliance.

After the end of the war, the book was published in 1940. This was a story of a young American volunteer as mentioned above, but based on Ernest's own experiences that he gained while covering the war for the press. The main intention of Ernest was to reveal the realities of what he considered a "good fight" on part of the Loyalists in the Civil War. The critical receptions pertaining to his work suggest that he succeeded in achieving his goal. On the other hand, Orwell started his account based on his personal experiences in Spain as he describes the events with relation to his thoughts and reactions. In revolutionary Barcelona, the trend of class difference that had confronted Orwell also kept him (as a middle class socialist) from becoming a part of the working class was overthrown.

Homage to Catalonia is basically an important text for all the readers who want to understand the history of Barcelona. Moreover, it also a must read for people who want to understand the major ideological difference of the 20th century. This conflict was between fascism and socialism and played an extremely important role in the Spanish Civil war. This conflict has not been explained by any writer in a better way than George Orwell.

Just like Ernest, Orwell also travelled to Spain the year 1936 to cover the events of the Civil War as a journalist. When he reached Barcelona, he was taken aback by the revolutionary atmosphere that was dominating that city so he decided to become a soldier in the war. During his time, the rulers of the city were the Anarchists and Communists, who had decided to rise up to support the socialist Republican government. Ever since this government was elected, it was faced by threats from a Nationalist military coup that was backed by fascist.

Conclusion

For Whom the Bell Tolls emerged as one the best works complied by Ernest. When this book was published, many critiques thought that this was definitely a masterpiece. The spare style and the powerful symbolism that demonstrated in this novel particularly gained a lot of popularity. Some of the best parts of this novel are considered to be the romantic scenes between Maria and Jordan, the dramatic loss of El Sordo, the commentary regarding the death of the leaders that were full of irony and the strong emotional power that was there throughout the novel.

Apart from just the narration of the events of the Spanish civil war, the narration of love and war themes had never been crafted in such a way. Needless to say, For Whom the Bell Tolls is one of the most celebrated war novels in the history.

On the other hand, George Orwell was well-known as a fairytale writer since he was the author of Animal farm (Newsinger. 1994). His writing called Homage to Catalonia is also a very celebrated account in the English Literature as he shares his experiences of being a part of the United Marxist Workers Party during the Spanish Civil War. In his writing he has made it very clear that he is committed towards the working class and socialism. Simultaneously, he is shown steadfast in his disapproval of Stalinism and its supporters. Both these historical writings are a must read… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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