Specific Mental Disorder Analysis: Cluster B Personality Research Paper

Pages: 8 (2809 words)  ·  Style: APA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 8  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Psychology

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[. . .] There are a number of methods through which the health of these patients can be improved by the family physicians. Some of these methods are pharmacotherapy, brief interventions and psychotherapy. There are three clusters that the personality disorders are divided into, these are A, B and C. Schizoid, paranoid and schizotypal personality disorders are included in cluster A; antisocial, borderline, narcissistic and histrionic personality disorders are included in cluster B; whereas, avoidant, obsessive-compulsive and dependent personality disorders are included in cluster C and this cluster has been noticed to be a lot more prevalent than the rest of the two clusters. Family physicians can treat majority of the patients who suffer from these disorders. Omega-3 fatty acids, mood stabilizer as well as 2nd generation antipsychotics will probably benefit the patients who suffer from the borderline personality disorder. Those who suffer from the antisocial personality disorder can benefit a lot from the antidepressants, mood stabilizer as well as antipsychotics. Problem solving on the basis of solution as well as motivational interviewing are some other forms of therapeutic interventions (Angstman & Rasmussen, 2011).

Intervention which is based on mindfulness, active listening and improving the connection to those values of the patients that he/she cherishes the most tend to be most successful for the family physicians. Interventions of this sort were mainly designed for the family physicians and the concerns regarding job satisfaction and emotional endurance are addressed by these interventions while at the same time they allow the physicians to care for the patients who suffer from the personality disorders as well. A collaboratively created safety and crisis plan should be considered by the physicians when the personality disordered patients are being treated by them, especially for the ones who have borderline personality disorder (Angstman & Rasmussen, 2011).

Cross-Cultural Issues

According to DSM it is a manual that can help in diagnosing the mental disorders. The American Psychiatric Association (APA) published it. Someone who knows that the manual has been published by a medical association might find it very surprising that the latest edition of this manual has a portion on 'Personality Disorders,' in which a few of the disorders have been defined completely in form of aberration from the moral norms. The question is if it is possible that in fact the cluster B personality disorders are moral instead of mental? Is their addition to the DSM merely a coincidence of 'medicalization of morals'? (Reimer, 2013)(Alarcon & Foulks, 1995)

The formation of a cultural axis has been advocated by a few of the authors to be an independent factor when it comes to diagnosing these psychiatric condition generally as well as the personality disorder (PDs) specifically. It is the powerful cultural influence regarding the idea of self-formation, its independence as well as the instant socio environmental happenings that their views are based upon psychopathology (Hallowell, 1934; Hamilton, 1971; Dohrenwend & Dohrenwend, 1974; Mezzich & Goode, 1994). The most important problem which is often faced by a diagnostician who works across the cultures is the necessity to separate the typical personality, ideal personality as well as the atypical personality from cultural functionality's standpoint. The most common way through which the ideal personality kind is revealed is when the people are questioned about how they would like to live and raise their children (Alarcon & Foulks, 1995).

Biblical World View

When one is observing the doings of God, Bible comes in very handy. It shows us a very complex image of an individual who has performed impressively in a lot of various segments of life but who has also done some uncertain things. It also tells us about a person who has been able to achieve a lot of his goals but who also failed to achieve some minor ones.

Dr. J. Henry Jurgens is a professor at the Yale University Divinity School as well as a practicing psychiatrist who in the May 2, 2001 issue of The Onion, Rev. said that it seems that God has bipolar disorder. Jurgens further said that he has been able to get to this conclusion after researching and studying his patients for many years and also after being in long session with the God through prayer. The bipolar disorder, according to the article is 'described by the elation cycles after which comes sessions of a lot of despair and depression, and if this disorder isn't diagnosed and treated in time it can prove to be very dangerous for the patient as well as the people around him. According to Jurgen with the help of this particular diagnosis of the bipolar disorder the contradictory and confusing features of cosmos which have confused the theologians and philosophers can be explained.

Conclusion

The cluster B personality disorders such as borderline and antisocial are linked to the drug addiction, alcoholism as well as the improper treatment of the condition. According to the research that has been reviewed in this paper it is evident that the presence of some personality disorder can prove to be a very harmful factor for the well-being of that individual even if initially this doesn't seem to be the case. This observation increases the need for the screening of personality disorders in people. Another important thing to keep in mind here is that behavioral and emotional instability are two of the most basic characteristics of these disorders and these characteristics can result in long-term medical illness as, it will be difficult to keep the patients on any medication or therapeutic plan for a long while. Some of the major traits of personality which are related to these cluster B disorders are hostility, anger and impulsiveness and all of these traits can be of great significance with regards to the medical treatment. Therefore, it is very important to test the individuals in routine for personality disorders and take proper measures to diagnose them (Douzenis, Tsopelas, & Tzeferakos, 2012).

Bibliography

Alarcon, R., & Foulks, E. (1995). Personality Disorders and Culture: Contemporary Clinical Views. Cultural Diversity and Mental Health, 79-91.

Angstman, K., & Rasmussen, N. (2011, December). Retrieved from American Family Physician: http://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1201/p1253.html

Capps, D. (2008). God Diagnosed with Narcissistic Personality Disorder. Princeton: Springer .

Charland, L.2006. Moral nature of the DSM-IV Cluster Personality disorders. Journal of Personality Disorders20, no. 2:116-25.

Douzenis, A., Tsopelas, C., & Tzeferakos, G. (2012). Medical Combordity of cluster B personality disorders. Greece: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Dohrenwend, B.P., & Dohrenwend, B.S. (1969).Social status and psychological disorder: A causal inquiry. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Dohrenwend, B.P., & Dohrenwend, B.S. (1974).Social and culture influences in psychopathology. Annual Review of Psychology, 25, 417-452.

Hallowell, A.I. (1934). Culture and mental disorder. Journal of Social Psychology, 29, 1-26.

Hamilton, J.W. (1971). Some cultural determinants of intra-psychic structure and psychopathology. Psychoanalytical Review, 58, 279-294.

Mezzich, J.E., & Goode, B.J. (1994).On culturally enhancing the DSM-IV multiaxial formulation. In J.E. Mezzich, A. Kleinman, H. Fabrega, V. Parron, B.J. Good, K.M. Lin, & S. Manson (Eds.), Cultural issues in DSM-IV: Support papers. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Kraus, G., & Reynolds, D. (2001). The "A-B-C's" of the Cluster B's: Identifying, Understanding, and Treating Cluster B Personality Disorders. USA: Pergamon.

Pickersgill, M. (2010). From psyche to soma? Changing accounts of antisocial personality disorders in the American Journal of Psychiatry. American Journal of Psychiatry, 295.

Prossin AR, Love TM, Koeppe RA, et al. (2010). Dysregulation of regional endogenousopioid function in borderline personality disorder. Am J. Psychiatry; 167:925-933.

Pincus, H.A., Tew, J.D and First, M.B. (2004). Psychiatric comorbidity: is more less? World Psychiatry. Feb 2004; 3(1): 18 -- 23.

Reimer, M. (2013). Moral Disorder In the DSM-IV? The Cluster B Personality Disorders. U.S.: John Hopkins University Press.

Rasmussen N (2006) Making the first anti-depressant: amphetamine in American medicine. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 61 (3): 288-323.

Sadowsky J (2005). Beyond the metaphor… [END OF PREVIEW]

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