Stem Cell Research Has Been Controversial Term Paper

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¶ … stem cell research has been controversial for years. What are stem cells and why do they entail so much interest? In Principles of Regenerative Medicine, Ahsan declares that "Stem cells may be derived from embryonic, fetal, or adult cells or tissues . . . [and] can serve as the machinery to repair, regenerate, and/or replace tissues and organs" (42). Following an ethical perspective, it is my belief that all research ought to be strictly regulated.

Public opinion is driven by either of two major ethical theories, consequentialism (utilitarianism) and deontological ethics, the latter holding more relevance. Utilitarianism insists that the desirable consequences of an action justify it for the greater good, be it destruction of potential human life in order to save human life; in other words the duty to prevent or alleviate suffering overthrows the duty to respect the value of human life. On the other hand, deontology judges the action itself based on categorical imperatives. From this point-of-view, human life is to be respected integrally even in its so-called potential form and not treated as means for something else. Consequentially, utilitarian theory poses a threat on moral values. Progress is an optional goal, not a compulsory commitment, and seeing as a human embryo holds the moral status of a person and its destruction is inevitable in the process of obtaining ideal stem cells, it would be wrong to destroy it in the pursuit of saving other lives.

To begin with, the option of a complete validation for stem cell research may be misleading. General enthusiasm surrounding stem cells may be justified by their potential to treat a thorough spectrum of debilitating clinical pathologies. For instance, autoimmune diseases (AIDS, cancer), cardiovascular and neurological diseases (Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, stroke victims' variable aftermath), spinal cord injuries, diabetes, and osteoporosis currently have few accepted treatments or no cures. In other conditions, such as bone fracture healing or cartilage repair, stem cells may offer improvement upon existing therapies. While a stem cell source could be found optimal for morphing into a specific cell which solves the symptomatic problems for inflicted patients, there is the issue of actually performing a successful long-term implant or how the patients' bodies react to it; for instance, the body might entail an adapting process which renders the new cells useless, risk inappropriate cell migration, tumor formation, hemorrhage during transplant intervention or postoperative infection (Ahsan 28). In this light, clinical trials of stem-cell research ought to be controlled on the basis of protecting human subjects by means of regulatory oversight, peer review by an expert panel independent of the investigators and sponsors, fair subject selection, informed consent, and proper patient monitoring (Grad 9).

Current knowledge states that… [END OF PREVIEW]

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APA Format

Stem Cell Research Has Been Controversial.  (2013, April 27).  Retrieved January 20, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Stem Cell Research Has Been Controversial."  27 April 2013.  Web.  20 January 2020. <>.

Chicago Format

"Stem Cell Research Has Been Controversial."  April 27, 2013.  Accessed January 20, 2020.