Essay: Strategic Context of Sub-Saharan

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[. . .] After the clear identification of U.S. interests, the government practically starts to achieve them outside the state. In order to study them, they are divided into four major classes:

1. Survival

2. Major

3. Vital

4. Peripheral

In the first type of Survival interests, such interests are considered when another country is imposing a warning of making massive harm and destruction to the state on account of its unfulfilled demands. These problems are known quite early since the rival country is continuously demanding for its rights or needs or threatening in the form of war by army. In the second type of Major interests, those problems are included that can be resolved through proper negotiation among the parties. Such issues can be economic, political or even ideological. In the third type of Vital interests, such issues are highlighted by the top authorities of the country that cannot be ignored at all as they are vital to the political, economic and betterment of the state. They are resolved in every possible even if they have to use economic and military authorisation.

In the last type of peripheral interests, such issues comes into account that are not dangerous on the state level, but are harmful for the interests of each individual of United States working outside the country. After these interests are categorized, factors such as state's security, economic welfare and customs protection concludes the manner in which the United State will devise the foreign policy and move ahead to achieve their interests and goals. According to Paez et al. (2010), it is described in the Bush National Security plan that United States' vital interest lies in Africa. In this way, it has a valid reason to aid Africa in every possible way.

It is highly recommended by United States' policy that if Africa will decline more towards loss if it does not design a foreign policy that highlights the problems in the way of African government and the continuous aids offered by the United States. Hence, if the United States sticks to its National Security Strategy, it must focus only on its objective of aiding Africa and offering it completely security.

The United States along with her European allies, with enhancing security cooperation and foreign aid, get a chance to give something above verbal commitments to African cause. Excess support and less rhetoric is required considering the present condition of Africa (Paez et al., 2010).

The interests of United States i.e. peaceful relations with countries, economic and political freedom, and respect for human dignity, as clearly given in the National Security Strategy relate straight to Africa. The United States commitment to make an effort for helping Africa in their attempt to become a people having an ability of self-governance is missing in United States interests, which are decided through a particular level of intensity. Thus a foreign policy needs to be formed in order to accomplish this interest, according to which the whole African continent will be considered instead of only those nations and/or countries which provide a resource that the United States needs (Paez et al., 2010).

Along with deployment of personnel familiarity with local languages, the United States needs to increase its diplomatic existence in the subcontinent. In order to assist this increase, abandonment of arbitrary bureaucratic differences amid North African along with sub-Saharan divisions within the U.S. State Department and at other places must be carried out. Support must be provided for the significance of sub-Saharan African appointments (Paez et al., 2010).

In the areas of economic growth and development and the encouragement of improved investment and trade ties, the United States needs to invest more. Support must also be provided for disempowered sectors particularly for educational and job schemes. The assistance provided by human rights, democratic structure, and liberalization in the public sector along with civil society act as a major support in the United States policy towards the region. The state behavior in this area and assistance must be connected together (Paez et al., 2010).


With the change in political administration, the foreign policy of United States towards Africa has also changed. A similar peaks and valleys, in developmental support offered, have been observed by the foreign support for this country that is based on a policy of administration for this continent. As the continent fights for its survival in an atmosphere of corruption, diseases, terrorism and civil unrest, a downfall in foreign support will prove out to be disturbing for this continent. A key interest is provided by the United States for the country's survival. The upcoming period for this continent will not be hopeful without the support of our political system, in addition to foreign aid assistance. Instead of using a peace meal approach, the United States needs to enhance the present security cooperation and foreign aid assistance given to the African continent. What will be the position of Africa if the United States concentrates towards particular challenges in Africa and develops a foreign policy in that respect, in addition to that policy having foreign assistance essential to fulfill development goals? Instead of the involvement of dictatorships or military coups, all major countries would possess a government through conducting free elections by the people and corruption free; a democracy considering the interests of its people through development and capable of governing and economic growths; taught and skilled in conflict resolution, sub-regional organization that has accomplished the value of its members to perform as the mediator for resolution of disputes rapidly and reasonably; a continent having a separate place and identity in the world and a continent that can use its position with honor as other global powers do. That is the Africa inquired by all major powers of the world.


AERC (African Economic Research Consortium) (2010), Proceedings from the Conference on Africa-China Relations, Hilton Hotel, Addis Ababa, 28-30 September.

African Union (2010), "African Union Commission-Regional Economic Communities Common Position Paper on EPAs," AU Conference of Ministers of Trade, 6th Ordinary Session, Kigali, 29 October -- 2 November 2010.

AUC (2006), The Review of Millennium Development Goals and the Millennium Declaration: An African Common Position, African Union Commission, Addis Ababa.

Cumbo, J.E. (2003) U.S. Foreign Policy towards Africa. U.S. Army War College: Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania.

ICTSD (2010), "No Early Harvest for LDCs' Top WTO Priorities," Bridges, Vol. 14, No. 1, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, Geneva, p. 6.

Mkwezalamba, M. And E. Chinyama (2007), "Implementation of Africa's Integration and Development Agenda: Challenges and Prospects," African Integration Review, Vol. 1.

Paez, L., S. Karingi, M. Kimenyi and M. Paulos (2010), "A Decade (2000-2010) of African-U.S. Trade Under the… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Strategic Context of Sub-Saharan.  (2011, October 31).  Retrieved July 22, 2019, from

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"Strategic Context of Sub-Saharan."  October 31, 2011.  Accessed July 22, 2019.